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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive



Patch contributed by Mike Smolinski, Shoulder tab by Al Grazevich

USS Churchill County (LST-583)
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USS LST-583 (1944 - 1955)


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Echo - Yankee - Echo
NEYE
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons



Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Second Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
Third Row - National Defense Service Medal - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippines Liberation Medal


LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 18 May 1944, at Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
  • Launched, 5 July 1944
  • Commissioned USS LST-583, 2 August 1944, LT. Philip E. Acker, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-583 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Luzon operation
    Lingayen Gulf landings, 4 to 18 January 1945
    Consolidation and capture of the Southern Philippines
    Mindanao Island landings, 10 to 11 March and 17 to 23 April 1945
    Manila Bay-Bicol operation
    Zambales-Subic Bay, 29 to 30 January 1945
     

  • Following World War II USS LST-583 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:

    Navy Occupation Service Medal
    23 September to 14 October 1945
    10 to 20 December 1945

  • Decommissioned, 13 September 1946
  • Laid up in the Reserve Fleet
  • Named Churchill County (LST-583), 1 July 1955
  • Recommissioned, 1 November 1960, and assigned to Commander, Amphibious Force, Atlantic Fleet
    Personal Recollection of LT. Robert Burris, Executive Officer USS Churchill (LST-583)
    "Summer 1965 - In the Aero Jet General yards in Jacksonville FL.
    Fall 1965 - Cruise to Panama through Christmas. Liberty in Puerto Lemon, Costa Rico and Santa Marta, Columbia
    Also went to the San Blas Islands to deliver aid material to the San Blas Indians. The last time any ship was there was 1790’s and that was the Spanish, all the soundings on the chart are mine. We followed a US Army Q boat which was following an Indian canoe though the reefs where we anchored in a small bay where we had about 15 feet of spare room on each end of the ship Rex [Commanding Officer LCDR Carpenter] was a great ship driver, and had lots of guts.
    Spring 1966 - to Panama stopping in Kingston Jamaica where we took on a 50 ft boat on the main deck, and delivered it to Panama, LT. Michael H.V. Nolan relieved LCDR. Carpenter in Panama. We went to the back country south of the canal to support prep for a new canal. Big tide range and on the way home, we stopped in the Dominican Republic and evacuated the last US Army troops from the 1964 invasion. I was in USS Monrovia (APA-31) which sent in the first wave there in 1964.
    Summer 1966 - We went to the head of the Chesapeake Bay to Havre De Grace Maryland to act as the judges stand for a hydra plane race, followed by a cruise to Argentia, Newfoundland Ireland and Iceland. I am pretty sure that this is the time frame when we hit the Chesapeake Bay bridge tunnel.
    Spring 1967 - Back to Panama, sailed to Lima Peru but had to turn around and return... This is when we had the “crossing” shellback celebration. We went to support the second canal again, and broached on the beach but with major effort and a hell of a lot of luck, we got off with no problem. We went to the San Blas Islands again, and that is where we hit a reef and ripped a hole in the bottom big enough to drive a Volkswagen through. Back to Little Creek and I left the ship...All of these things happened and I think I have the dates pretty close Many thanks Bob"
  • Decommissioned, 11 December 1968
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 15 September 1974
  • USS LST-583 earned three battle stars for World War II service
  • Sold for scrapping by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS), 1 August 1975
  • Acquired by Minerve Shipping & Trading Corp. S.A., Panama and renamed Petrola 131, circa 1976-1977.
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    9 officers, 120 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    14 officers, 131 enlisted
    Boats 6 LCVPs
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    USS LST-583
    LCT-737 250k USS LST 583 under way with LCT-737 secured to her main deck.
    US Navy photo from "Allied Landing Craft of World war Two".
    Robert Hurst
    USS Churchill County (LST-583)
    LST-583 19k USS Churchill County (LST 583) follows USS Walworth County (LST 1164) while transiting the Panama Canal, circa 1968. USS Walworth County (LST-1164) web site

    USS LST-583 / USS Churchill County (LST-583)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Acker, Philip E., USNR2 August 1944 - November 1945
    02LTjg. Stockton, Ralph Howell, USNRNovember 1945 - 13 September 1946
     Decommissioned13 September 1946 - 1 November 1960
    03LT. McClenahan, Richard Myrlno dates
    04LCDR. Miale, Robert Eugene, USN1961 - July 1962
    05LCDR. Rowsey Jr., James Melvin, USNDecember 1962 - June 1964
    06LCDR. Carpenter, Rex, USNJune 1964 - 1966
    07LCDR. Nolan, Michael Howard Vance1966 - 1968
    08LCDR. Bishop, William Richard1968 - 11 December 1968
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Homeport
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
    Comments, Suggestions, E-mail Webmaster.
    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 16 June 2017