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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Golf - Xray - Romeo
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive-Iwo Jima) - American Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (2) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
USS LST-785 was manned by the US Coast Guard during World War II
LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 25 June 1944 at Dravo Corp., Pittsburgh, PA.
Launched, 5 August 1944
Commissioned USS LST-785, 4 September 1944, LT. Myron E. Nichol, USCG, in command
During World War II USS LST-785 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
LST Flotilla Twenty-Nine, CAPT. C. H. Peterson USCG (25);
LST Group Eighty-Five, CDR. W. B. Millington, USCG (32);
LST Division One Hundred Seventy and participated in the following campaigns:
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|Iwo Jima operation
Assault and occupation of Iwo Jima, 19 to 28 February 1945
|Okinawa Gunto operation
Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 2 April to 30 June 1945
Following World War II USS LST-785 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:
Navy Occupation Service Medal
|20 to 26 September 1945
|19 October to 4 December 1945
Decommissioned, 3 May 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 5 June 1946
USS LST-785 earned two battle stars for World War II service
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 3 June 1948, to Walter W. Johnson Co.
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||LSTs and other shipping in the transport area off Iwo Jima on the initial day of landings, 19 February 1945.
The four closest LSTs are (left to right): USS LST-785, USS LST-782 (carrying LCT-1030), USS LST-764 and USS LST-795.
Photographed from USS Hansford (APA-106).
US Navy photo # 80-G-303902 from the collections of the US Naval History an Heritage Command
|Tom Hughes for his father David C. Hughes USS LST-795
||USS Shoshone (AKA-65) at right off Iwo Jima during the landings
there, February 1945. USS LST-785 is in the extreme left. USS LST-713, with
USS LCI(G)-739 alongside, is in the left center,
US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 105030. Collection of Robert B. Campbell. Courtesy of his family, 2007.
|US Naval History and Heritage Command
||From left to right USS LST-785, USS LST-736 and USS LST-598 unloading while beached at Okinawa, April 1945.
A US Navy photo from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
|Submitted by Glen Morris, contributed by Edward Dye
||USS LST-785 at anchor In San Francisco Bay, CA., circa early 1946. Note she is flying a Homeward Bound Pennant.
US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 79559. Courtesy of D.M. McPherson, 1974.
|US Naval History and Heritage Command
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Nichol, Myron E., USCG||5 September 1944 - 3 May 1946|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Action Report - Landing of Occupation Forces, Nagasaki Japan, September 1945
U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office - USS LST-785
Last Updated 26 January 2018
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|