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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - India - Uniform - Alpha
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Second Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
542 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 18 September 1944, at Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co., Jeffersonville, IN.
Launched, 4 November 1944
Commissioned USS LST-861, 30 November 1944, LT. George W. Jensen USNR, in command
During World War II USS LST-861 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
LST Flotilla Twenty-Five, CAPT. H.E. Richter USN (24);
LST Group Seventy-Five, CDR. G. W. Stringer USN (28);
LST Division One Hundred Forty-Nine and participated in the following campaign:
|Campaign and Dates
|Okinawa Gunto operation
Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 16 May to 30 June 1945
Following World War II USS LST-861 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods;
Navy Occupation Service Medal
|2 to 12 September 1945
|2 January to 15 March 1946
USS LST-861 was assigned to Joint Task Force 1, Task Unit 1.8.1 Service Group - Repair and Service Unit
for Operation Crossroads the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in July 1946 and was responsible for base facilities and services including repair, fuel, water, mail service
Decommissioned, 10 March 1947
Struck from the Naval Register, 4 April 1947
USS LST-861 earned one battle star for World War II service
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 10 June 1948, to Kaiser Co., Inc., Seattle, WA.
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-861 under way in San Francisco Bay, circa 1945.
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 51442. Courtesy of D.M. McPherson, 1967.
|US Naval History and Heritage Command
||Operation Cross Roads Atomic Bomb Test On Vessels Participation Card issued to Donald L. Kees USS LST-861.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Jensen, George W., USNR||30 November 1944 - January 1946|
|02||LTjg. Coons, Harold Francis, USN||January 1946 - March 1946|
|03||LTjg. Danford, Masil B., USNR||March 1946 - July 1946|
|04||LT. Gordon, John T., USN||July 1946 - 2 January 1947|
|05||LTjg. Wallace, Robert G., USN||2 January 1947 - 10 March 1947|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 19 August 2016
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|