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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-1000

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Victor - Quebec - Xray
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - China Service Medal (extended) - American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)

542-Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 18 April 1944, at the Boston Navy Yard, Boston, MA.
  • Launched, 26 May 1944
  • Commissioned, USS LST-1000, 14 June 1944, LT. Wesson S. Hertrais USNR in command
  • During World War II USS LST-1000 was first assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater departing New York City to Avonmouth, UK, 25 July 1944 as part of convoy HXM 30, to resupply troops in Normandy and Mont St. Michel. The ship returned to Norfolk, VA. 23 October, 1944 and departed New York City, 29 November 1944 en route to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater were she joined:
    LST Flotilla Thirty-Five, CAPT. D. H. Johnston USN (22);
    LST Group One Hundred Four, CDR. D. Stubbs USN (25);
    LST Division Two Hundred Eight and participated in the following campaign;

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaign
    Campaign and Dates
    Okinawa Gunto operation
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 2 to 28 April 1945

  • Following World War II USS LST-1000 was assigned to Occupation and China service in the Far East for the following periods:

    Navy Occupation Service Medal

    China Service Medal (extended)
    12 September to 23 October 1945 
    21 November 1945 to 14 April 194621 November 1945 to 14 April 1946

  • Decommissioned, 22 July 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 28 August 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold, 13 June 1948 to Walter W. Johnson Co. for scrapping
  • USS LST-1000 earned one battle star for World War II service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    LSM-220 67k USS LSM-220, USS LST-1000, LCT-1415, LCT-1265 and LCT-1049 along with another unidentified LCT unloading at Yellow Beach, Okinawa.
    US Navy photo # NH 91387 for the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    Joe Radigan MACM USN Ret
    LST 1000 58k USS LST-1000 in the background off loading supplies as Marines move out away from the landing area, circa April 30, 1945, near Motobu, Okinawa. Photo from "A Photographic History of World War 2", Colliers, 1946 Dan Wilmes
    LST 1000 58k USS LST-1000 moored in the Whangpoo River at Shanghai, China, 7 January 1946 Joe Scannell USS LST-998
    Carondelet 30k USS Carondelet (IX-136) refueling USS LST-1000, Subic Bay, 1945. Bob Cornmesser USS Carondelet

    USS LST-1000
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Hertrais, Wesson S., USNR14 June 1944 - September 1944
    02LTjg. Wilson, Charles E. S., USNRSeptember 1944 - 18 August 1945
    03LT. Bickerstaff, Frank C., LT USNR18 August 1945 - 9 November 1945
    04LTjg. Morton, David H., LTJG USNR9 November 1945 - 4 June 1946
    05LTjg. Vienneau, Edmond B., LTJG USNR4 June 1946 - 22 July 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 27 May 2016