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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS Pender County (LST-1080)
USS LST-1080 (1945 - 1955)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Alpha - Kilo - Xray
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
Second Row - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Medal (with Asia Clasp) - National Defense Service Medal
Third Row - Korean Service Medal (5) - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)

USS Pender County (LST-1080) was transferred to the Republic of Korea and renamed ROKS Hwa San (LST-816)
LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 5 April 1945, at Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Inc., Hingham, MA.
  • Launched, 2 May 1945
  • Commissioned USS LST-1080, 29 May 1945, LT. James D. Voorhees Jr. USNR in command
  • During World War II USS LST-1080 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  • Following World War II USS LST-1080 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:

    Navy Occupation Service Medal
    15 to 28 September 1945
    10 November to 6 December 1945
  • Decommissioned, 29 August 1946
  • Laid up in the Pacific Reserve Fleet
  • Recommissioned, 3 October 1950
  • During the Korean War USS LST-1080 participated in the following campaigns:

    Korean War Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    First UN Counter Offensive
    11 to 21 April 1951
    Korean Defensive Summer-Fall 1952
    17 to 18 October 1952
    Communist China Spring Offensive
    22 April to 13 May 1951
    20 June to 8 July 1951
    Third Korean Winter
    17 to 18 October 1952
    13 to 14 December 1952
    4 to17 January 1953
    11 to 14 February 1953
    UN Summer-Fall Offensive
    9 to 13 July 1951

  • Named USS Pender County (LST-1080), 1 July 1955
  • Decommissioned, 2 January 1958
  • Transferred to the Republic of Korea in October 1958, renamed ROKS Hwa San (LST-816)
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 6 February 1959
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
  • USS LST-1080 earned five battle stars for Korean War service
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    USS LST-1080
    LST-45 600k USS LST-1080 underway, date and location unknown. LT. Hal Bleyhl CO USS LST-1080
    ROKS Hwa San (LST-816)
    LST-45 126k South Korean troops disembark from ROKS Hwa San (LST-816), ex-USS Pender County (LST-1080) on their arrival at Saigon, 26 February 1965. They were the first of a 2000-man detachment sent to South Vietnam for non-combat duty in the war against the Communist Viet Cong, making South Korean the first country to commit a large body of troops to the conflict.
    Associated Press photo.
    Tommy Trampp

    USS Pender County (LST-1080)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Voorhees Jr., James D., USNR25 May 1945 - December 1945
    02LT. Henderson, Ray F., USNRDecember 1945 - May 1946
    03ENS. Minot, R. H., USNRMay 1946 - 18 July 1946
    04unknown18 July 1946 - 29 August 1946
     Decommissioned29 August 1946 - 3 October 1950
    05LT. Bleyhl, Harold J (Hal) USNRNovember 1951 - 30 July 1952
    06LT. Montague, Francis Thomas USNR30 July 1952 - ?
    07LCDR. Paulis Jr., Joseph John, USNno dates
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 23 September 2016