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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

Contributed by Al Grazevich

USS Russell County (LST-1090)
USS LST-1090 (1945 - 1955)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Alpha - Papa - Uniform
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal
Second Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - National Defense Service Medal - Philippines Liberation Medal
Third Row - Korean Service Medal (5) - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)

USS Russell County (LST-1090) was sold to Indonesia and renamed Tandjung Radja
LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 28 December 1944, at American Bridge Co, Ambridge, PA.
  • Launched, 24 February 1945
  • Commissioned USS LST-1090, 2 April 1945, at New Orleans, LA., LT. Edmund J. Doering, USNR in command
  • During World War II USS LST-1090 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    LST Flotilla Thirty-Three, CAPT. C. A. Legg USN (24);
    LST Group Ninety-Eight, LCDR. H. B. McLean;
    LST Division One Hundred Ninety-Five
  • Following World War II USS LST-1090 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:

    Navy Occupation Service Medal
    20 September to 3 October 1945
    15 to 28 October 1945
    10 November 1945 to 4 January 1946

  • Decommissioned, 22 July 1946, at Vancouver, WA.
  • Laid up in the Pacific Reserve Fleet, Columbia River Group
  • Recommissioned, 3 November 1950, at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA.
  • During the Korean War USS LST-1090 participated in the following campaigns:

    Korean War Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    First UN Counter Offensive
    7 to 9 April 1951
    Third Korean Winter
    14 to 26 March 1953
    7 to 30 April 1953
    Communist China Spring Offensive
    1 to 7 September 1951
    Korean Summer-Fall 1953
    1 to 2 May 1953
    16 to 18 and June1953
    20 to 22 and 27 July 1953
    UN Summer-Fall Offensive
    1 to 7 September 1951
  • Named Russell County (LST-1090), 1 July 1955
  • Decommissioned, 5 April 1960, at San Diego, CA.
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 1 November 1960
  • USS Russell County earned five battle stars for Korean War service
  • Sold in 1961 to Indonesia and renamed Tandjung Radja in 1963
  • Final Disposition, severely damaged by grounding and discarded by Indonesian Navy, fate unknown
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
     151k USS LST-1090 and USS LST-1134 (background) beached, circa 1945, place unknown. Duane Gallagher courtesy the collection of Harold Tait USS LST-1090
    LST-550, 1090,1024,1138 70k From left to right; USS LST-550, USS LST-1090, USS LST-1024 and USS LST-1138 beached in the Philippines during the re-occupation period following the liberation of the Philippines, date and location unknown. Mike Blades
     227k North Korean or Chinese POWs disembarking from USS LST-1090 and USNS LST-643 at Inchon, South Korea in July, 1953. The prisoners are being repatriated as part of Operation Little Switch or Operation Big Switch.
    Australian War Memorial by Bushby, Donald Douglas George UN War Correspondent, Photo No.P04641.069
    Mike Green
     10k USS LST-1090 under way, circa 1953 LST Home Port web site

    USS LST-1090 / USS Russell County (LST-1090)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Doering, Edmund J., USNR2 April 1945 - December 1945
    02ENS. Hostetler, Ralph, USNRDecember 1945 - June 1946
    03ENS. Sponholtz, L. B., USNRJune 1946 - July 1946
    04LTjg. Brandau, Frederick L., USNRJuly 1946 - 22 July 1946
     Decommissioned22 July 1946 - 3 November 1950
    05LT. Williams, W. W.3 November 1950 - 1952
    06LT. Hafner, David Thomas1952 - 1954
    07LT. Allen, William Wirt, USN1954 - 1956
    08LT. Hazen, Alan Michael, USN1956 - 1958
    09LCDR. Whitmore, Charles Abbott, USN (1948-B)1958 - 5 April 1960
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 10 March 2017