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Gunboat Photo Archive

Enterprise


Enterprise served the U. S. Navy and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Screw Sloop-of-War/Gunboat:

  • The fifth Enterprise was built in 1873 at Portsmouth Navy Yard by private contractor John W. Griffith
  • Launched 13 June 1874
  • Commissioned USS Enterprise 16 March 1877
  • Decommissioned 9 May 1880 at the Washington Navy Yard
  • Recommissioned 12 January 1882
  • Decommissioned 21 March 1886 at New York
  • Recommissioned 4 October 1887
  • Decommissioned 20 May 1890
  • Recommissioned 8 July 1890
  • Loaned to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 17 October 1892 for duty as a maritime schoolship
  • Returned to US Navy custody 4 May 1909
  • Sold 1 October 1909
  • Burned in 1910 to salvage metal fittings.

    Specifications:

  • Displacement 1,375 t.
  • Length between perpendiculars 185'
  • Beam 35'
  • Draft 14' 3"
  • Speed 11 kts.
  • Complement 184
  • Armament: One 11" smooth bore, four 9" mounts and one 60-pounder
  • Propulsion: One 800ihp steam engine and sail, one shaft.
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    Size Image Description Source
    USS Enterprise
    Enterprise 112k Halftone reproduction of a photograph taken of USS Enterprise (1877-1909) while the ship was at anchor, circa the 1880s
    Published in "The Steam Navy of the United States", by Frank M. Bennett. As an Assistant Engineer, Bennett served in this ship during her 1877-1890 commission
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54397
    Robert Hurst
    Enterprise 173k U.S., British and French warships at Villefranche, France, 1879. Photographed during 1-16 October 1879. Ships present include (in the left background, left to right): French aviso Desaix, USS Quinnebaug, French aviso Bisson, Enterprise and British battleship Sultan (with two light-colored smokestacks). The French battleship Couronne is in the center distance, and the French battleship Richelieu is in the center, closer to the camera. The two ships in the foreground, that in the right center distance and that at the far right, are the four French battleships Guyenne, Magnamine, Revanche and Gauloise (all sister ships, listed in no particular order). All but one of the French ships were units of the "Escadre d'Evolutions" [squadron developments]. Bisson belonged to the "Station du Levant" [The Levant station]. Enterprise and Quinnebaug were part of the U.S. European Squadron. Sultan was en route home at the end of a commission in the British Mediterranean Fleet
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 46885
    Enterprise 109k Crewmen pose with the ship's 9-inch Dahlgren pivot gun, circa the later 1880s or early 1890s. This gun is mounted on an iron slide pivot carriage
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 66468
    Enterprise 99k At the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890, when she was commanded by Commander Bowman H. McCalla. The receiving ship USS Vermont is in the background
    Photographed by E. H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54398
    Enterprise 116k Anchored off New York City during the early 1890s
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 63150
    Enterprise 156k Ship's 9-inch Dahlgren pivot gun "in action", probably while she was at the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890. View looks aft from the forecastle, with the navigating bridge in the background. Sailor at left is holding a shell (weighing about 127 pounds) in preparation for loading, and men wearing double row loop cartridge belts for "trap-door Springfield" rifles
    Photographed by E.H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54202
    Enterprise 115k Ship's Gatling gun and its crew posed on deck, probably while she was at the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890
    Photographed by E.H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54203
    Enterprise 126k Landing party with three-inch rifled field gun drilling on a wharf, with the ship behind them, probably while Enterprise was at the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890
    Photographed by E.H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54204
    Enterprise 125k Sailors practicing with cutlasses on the ship's main deck, probably while she was at the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890
    Photographed by E.H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54205
    Enterprise 101k Two Sailors demonstrate cutlass fencing, while other crew members look on, probably while she was at the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890
    Photographed by E.H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54206
    Enterprise 120k "Rally on the Flag": Sailors and Marines in close combat drill with small arms, probably while she was at the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890
    Photographed by E.H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54207
    Enterprise 98k Tripod-mounted Gatling gun on the quarterdeck, probably while the ship was at the New York Navy Yard, circa spring 1890
    Photographed by E.H. Hart, New York City
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54208-B
    Enterprise 157k Enterprise (1877-1909), at left, and USS Ranger (1876-1940)
    Drawing by Fred S. Cozzens, published in "Our Navy -- Its Growth and Achievements", 1897
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 74563
    Training Ship Enterprise
    Enterprise 114k At anchor, probably during the 1890s or early 1900s , while she was serving as Massachusetts nautical training ship
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54396
    Robert Hurst
    Enterprise 169k Line engraving, printed by the American Bank Note Company, of Boston, depicting the ship during the period 1892-1909, when she was employed by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as a nautical training ship
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 64271
    Enterprise 151k Photographed by Paul R. Smith during her 1905 foreign cruise. She was then serving as Massachusetts nautical training ship, at Boston
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54219
    Enterprise 110k Cadets bending on the main sail after repair at sea, circa 1905, while Enterprise was serving as Massachusetts Nautical training ship
    Photographed by Paul R. Smith
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54220
    Enterprise 114k View looking forward along the starboard side, while under sail during her 1905 foreign cruise. Enterprise was then serving as Massachusetts Nautical training ship. The ship appears to have been fitted with a spar deck over her originally open waist
    Photographed by Paul R. Smith
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54221
    Enterprise
    Enterprise 59k Enterprise's Gilded pine eagle removed from the ship in 1910, when her hulk was burned off Point of Pines, Maine. The carving is marked "William E. Seward, 1881". It was later purchased at Searsport by Mr. Rubenstein, a dealer in Rockland, Maine
    Courtesy of the National Gallery of Art, Index of American Design, Washington, D.C.
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 54222
    Robert Hurst
    Enterprise 116k Being prepared for burning to recover metal in her hull. Enterprise was burned near Boston, Massachusetts, in the winter of 1910
    Courtesy of Paul H. Silverstone, 1982
    Naval History and Heritage Command photo NH 93866

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    DANFS history entry located on the Naval History and Heritage Command website
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