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George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 – March 28, 1870) United States Army Union general during the American Civil War, one of the principal commanders in the Western Theater.
Thomas served in the Mexican–American War and later chose to remain with the U.S. Army for the Civil War as a Southern Unionist. He won one of the first Union victories in the war, at Mill Springs in Kentucky. His defense at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863 saved the Union Army from being completely routed, earning him his most famous nickname, "the Rock of Chickamauga." He followed soon after with a dramatic breakthrough on Missionary Ridge in the Battle of Chattanooga. In the Franklin– Nashville Campaign of 1864, he achieved one of the most decisive victories of the war, destroying the army of Confederate General John Bell Hood, his former student at West Point, at the Battle of Nashville.
Thomas had a successful record in the Civil War, but he failed to achieve the historical acclaim of some of his contemporaries, such as Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman. He developed a reputation as a slow, deliberate general who shunned self-promotion and who turned down advancements in position when he did not think they were justified. After the war, he did not write memoirs to advance his legacy. He also had an uncomfortable personal relationship with Grant, which served him poorly as Grant advanced in rank and eventually to the Presidency.
|210k||Post card image of USAT Thomas with mechanics on the pier at Oakland CA. in 1915,||Tommy Trampp|
|101||USAT Merritt left and USAT Thomas moored at Manila, P.I. 3 September 1915.||Tommy Trampp|
|92k||USAT Thomas in drydock at Honolulu, T.H. in early 1916. Thomas broke her propeller on a voyage from San Francisco to Manila and put into Honolulu for repairs. The floating dry dock that was available had a capacity of only 4,500 tons, while the Thomas was an 11,000 ton vessel, and 118 feet longer than the dry dock. Engineers allowed the bow to extend beyond the front of the dry dock granting them access to stern which was lifted out of the water, allowing them to replace the damaged propeller.||Wikipedia|
|82k||Post card image of USAT Thomas at anchor in the harbor at Manila, Philippines, circa 1920s.||Tommy Trampp|
|164k||USAT Thomas sailing day scene, at Manila, Philippines, circa early 1920s. Note sailors crowding her bow railings, and onlookers
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # 101019, copied from the collection of David J. Lohr, by courtesy of RM1 Pamela J. Boyer, USN, 1986.
|US Naval History and Heritage Command|
|79k||Post card image of USAT Thomas moored pierside at Singapore, BCC, circa 1920s.|
|83k||USAT Thomas underway, date and location unknown
US Army Order of Battle 1914-1941 Vol 4, US National Archives RG-22 Records of the Quartermaster General
|178k||USAT Thomas commemorative US Military Embroidery Souvenir of Philippine-Manila run. Early 20th century.||Tommy Trampp|
|US Army Transportation Service Ship's Masters|
|01||CAPT. Hall, Frank, A.T.S.||December 1916 - 4 April 1926|
|02||CAPT. McLellan, Edgar S., A.T.S.||4 April 1926 - 26 March 1928|
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