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NavSource Online: Escort Carrier Photo Archive

ST. ANDREWS   (CVE-49)  /  HMS QUEEN   (D19)

Contributed by Tommy Trampp

Battle Honours

Atlantic 1944 — Norway 1945 — Arctic 1945
Displacement 7,800 Tons, Dimensions, 495' 8" (oa) x 69' 6" x 26' (Max)
Armament 2 x 5"/51 4 x 40mm, 10 x 20mm, 28 Aircraft.
Machinery, 8,500 SHP; Allis-Chambers, Geared Turbines, 1 screw
Speed, 17.5 Knots, Crew 890.
Fate: 1948: Converted to a cargo ship, renamed Roebiah (Dutch flag). 1966: President Marcos (Philippine flag). 1972: Lucky One. August 1972: Scrapped at Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

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St. Andrews

ACV-49 was assigned the name St. Andrews, 23 August 1942, for a bay on the gulf coast of Florida named by the Spanish to honor Saint Andrew, one of Christ's 12 Apostles and the brother of St. Peter (NS0304909, courtesy of Google Maps.)

Transferred to the United Kingdom under Lend-Lease, 7 December 1943, and commissioned the same day as HMS Queen (D19) in the Royal Navy. A Queen is the female ruler of an independent state. (NS0304907, courtesy of Tommy Trampp.)

HMS Queen
HMS Queen (D19 / R320)
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen
68k Good low level overhead view of HMS Queen shortly after completion, showing class layout. The aircraft signal panels are visible on the port side of the flight deck, amidships. IWM
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen

This ship is sometimes identified as HMS Queen, Lapointe Pier, Vancouver, January 1944, but it is not clear if this is correct (see The History of HMS Queen: A World War II Lend Lease Escort Aircraft Carrier, by David G. Weaver, CPM.

Courtesy of Tony Drury, Royal Navy Escort Carriers
Bastian CVE-37/HMS Trumpeter

Operation Judgement, May 4, 1945, an attack on the U-boat base at Kilbotn, near Harstad, Norway. This proved to be the last offensive operation by the Home Fleet, as the war in Europe ended just a few days later.

The main targets of the attack are, in fact, hidden behind water columns and smoke in the center of the photo. They were the depot ship Black Watch and the Type VIIC submarine U-711 — they were both sunk. The ship visible in the center of the pic is in all probability the motor vessel Senja, also sunk in this attack but raised and repaired after the war. U-711 was the last U-boat sunk by the Fleet Air Arm in WW2. Note, on the lower left corner, part of the wing of an attacking aircraft; the ship visible just above and forward of the wing tip is the old Norwegian coastal defense ship Harald Hårfrage (commissioned in 1897), then in German hands and converted into a floating anti-aircraft battery — she was not considered a worthy target.

Operation Judgement was a repetition of Operation Newmarket (April 1945), intended to destroy the depot and store ships used to support the U-boat attacks on the convoys to North Russia, but cancelled because weather prevented aircraft from taking off. In May, however, the weather was perfect (as can be deduced from the photo) and the attack was carried out by Avenger torpedo-bombers and Wildcat fighters from Squadrons 846 (HMS Trumpeter, Capt. K. S. Colquhoun), 853 (HMS Queen, Capt. K. J. D'Arcy), and 882 (HMS Searcher, Capt. J. W. Grant).

John Pine explains: "I discovered this picture amongst family papers. It was in a big brown envelope addressed to "C in C H F" (Admiral [Sir Henry R.] Moore). My father was in charge of his staff. On the back of the photograph is typed 'Photographic Section H.M.S. Trumpeter'."

John Pine
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen

HMS Queen (D19), ex-St. Andrews (CVE-49), tied up to a mooring buoy at Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland, May 1945. Photo taken by an unknown Royal Navy official photographer. Imperial War Museums. Photo No:A 29177.

Robert Hurst
Larger copy submitted by Mike Green
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen

HMS Queen (D19) underway at speed in rough seas on 9 August 1945.

Source: Imperial War Museums American Ministry of Defense Foxhill Collection of Ships Photographs, Photo No. © IWM(FL 17806).

Mike Green
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen

Port quarter view of HMS Queen (D19) underway on 9 August 1945.

Source: Imperial War Museums , Ministry of Defense Foxhill Collection of Ships Photographs, Photo No. © IWM(FL 17807).

CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen

"HMS Queen entering Portsmouth Harbour on the 23rd November 1945. By mid-November the conversion arrangements for trooping carried out at Barrow had been completed and one would have expected the hull to have received a repaint at the same time — it appears that this was not done. This photograph was originally in the hands of Wright & Logan of Portsmouth and notes indicate that it was taken at Portsmouth. The photograph provides a good illustration of the radar array. Those readers who have noticed the unusual pipe like fixings that slope along the hull should note that these form part of the de-gaussing system."

Quoted from The History of HMS Queen: A World War II Lend Lease Escort Aircraft Carrier, by David G. Weaver, CPM.

Courtesy of Tony Drury, Royal Navy Escort Carriers
Commercial Service
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen

Ex-St. Andrews (CVE-49), ex-HMS Queen (D19), as SS Roebiah (Dutch flag). Undated postcard.

Tommy Trampp
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen
CVE-49 St. Andrews/HMS Queen
97k Ex-HMS Queen as Roebiah (Dutch flag). Bremen, Germany, August 1964. Photo by Gerhard Mueller-Debus

Read the ST. ANDREWS (CVE-49) / HMS QUEEN (D19) DANFS History entry

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name:  
Next Reunion: No more reunions planned.

Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway World Aircraft Carrier Pages By Andrew Toppan.
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Last update: 9 May 2022