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Photographic History of the United States Navy


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NASR

Displacement 2250 Tons (Full), Dimensions, 340' 9" (oa) x 35' 6" x 12' 10" (Max)
Armament 4 x 5"/38AA, 4 x 0.5" MG 16 x 21" tt.(4x4).
Machinery, 50,000 SHP; Westinghouse Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 38.5 Knots, Range 6500 NM@ 12 Knots, Crew 184.
Operational and Building Data
Built by Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, VA
Laid down 25 June 1937
Launched 05 May 1938
Commissioned 20 November 1939
Damaged in atomic bomb test at Bikini Atoll July 1946
Decommissioned 28 August 1946
Fate Sunk as target off Kwajalein 24 April 1948
Stricken 28 May 1948

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Edward Stack, also known as Edward Stack de Crotto, was born in Kealid (Kelad, Gaelic Caolaid), Knockanure, Kerry, Ireland, on 28 April 1756. The Stack family was a long-established one in Ireland with historical connections to France. The "de Crotto" stems from their family seat in Crotta, which was seized by Cromwell. Staunch Catholics, many Stacks went to France to serve its Catholic kings.

Educated at the Collège des Irlandais in Paris, Stack was commissioned a second lieutenant in Walsh's Regiment of the Irish Brigade on 23 March 1777, and is said to have accompanied Marquis de Lafayette's expedition to Virginia the next year. On 05 February 1779 his service was recommended by Captain Fitz-Maurice of Walsh's Regiment to John Paul Jones, who needed men to fit out Bon Homme Richard. On 01 May 1779, Jones wrote to Benjamin Franklin: "I take the liberty to inclose the Memoire of a young gentleman who has waited here a long time of his own accord to Embark with me as I have a Particular regard for his character if you think fit to Send his paper to Court I Should be glad to have him with me- I Can find no person so proper to Disciplin the Voluntier Soldiers that I have inlisted." Stack was breveted a Lieutenant in the Marine Corps.

Stack commanded the fifteen marines and four seamen in the main top of Bon Homme Richard during her battle with HMS Serapis on 23 September 1779. Fire superiority aloft enabled the Americans to drive the British from their tops and harass them on deck. A grenade thrown from the tops fired a chain of ammunition on Serapis, causing a severe explosion which was a principal factor in her surrender. In his report of the action, Jones commended Stack for his great bravery. After the battle, the battered Serapis put into Texel, Holland. Here on 01 October some 26 deserters attempted an escape, pursued by a party led by Stack. Sixteen were recaptured, five drowned, and five escaped. It is perhaps fitting to note here that the motto of the Irish Brigade was Semper et Ubique Fidelis, meaning "Always and everywhere Faithful," which almost certainly inspired the US Marine Corps' famous motto Semper Fidelis.

On 25 November 1779, Stack was released from duty with Jones, his regiment receiving orders to embark for the Antilles. He received an award from Louis XVI of 440 livres and a commission as captain, where he served as such with the 2nd Battalion in the West Indies until 1783. He later served in Walsh's regiment (renamed 92e Regiment in 1791) on the Rhine and at Coblenz, and as an aide-de-camp to King Louis XVI. On 30 January 1791 Stack was invested as a Chevalier de St.Louis, a knight of the French realm. On 25 July of that year, he was promoted to Lt. Colonel of the 87e Regiment (formerly Dillon's regiment). While garrisoned at Bergues that October, and disillusioned by being passed over for command of the 88e Regiment, Stack and eight other officers left France for England, following the pattern of sixty percent of the French Army officer corps in the upheaval caused by events leading up to the French Revolution. In 1793-1794 he served with the Legion de Damas, formed by William of Orange from emigres on Dutch territory.

Appointed to Walsh-Serrant's Regiment of England's Irish Brigade on 01 October 1794, Stack served in Ireland until being embarked with his regiment for the West Indies in May 1796. Arriving in Jamaica in August, he and his men were in garrison due to a typhus outbreak until early 1797. the tedium of garrison duty and illness took its toll, as evidenced when Stack killed his second-in-command, Major William O'Shee, in a duel on 19 September. In September 1797 the regiment, decimated by disease, returned to England on transport Catherine. On 01 March 1798, the Irish Brigade was disbanded and Stack placed on half-pay. On 01 January 1801 he was promoted to Lt. Colonel in the British Army, and on 18 April given command of the North Lowland Fencibles.

Though appointed Brigadier General on 01 September 1803, Stack was still on half-pay. With the Treaty of Amiens in 1802 he returned to France, apparently to dispose of estates he held there. With the outbreak of war once again in May 1803, Stack was arrested as an alien subject to British Army service at Verdun and placed under house arrest. Later spending three years in captivity at Citadelle de Bitche, he was sentenced to be executed with the unfortunate duc d'Enghien, falsely accused of conspiring for the British, in 1804. However, Napoleon cancelled the order at the last moment. While in captivity, Stack was promoted to Major General 31 May 1808 and Lt. General 04 June 1813, finally being released at the end of the conflict in 1814. On 22 July 1803 he was promoted to full General, and died at Hotel Roberts in Calais on 02 December 1833.

"Edward Stack's Marines firing from the rigging of John Paul Jones' Bon Homme Richard down on the English sailors of the Serapis," ink drawing by Arman Manookian, circa 1920s. Honolulu Academy of Arts, via Wikimedia Commons.

Dave Wright
USS Stack (DD-406)
Stack 52kUndated, New York Harbor.Alan Stachowitz
Stack 184kChristening of USS Rowan (DD-405) and USS Stack (DD-406) at Norfolk Navy Yard, 05 May 1938.Ron Reeves
Stack 38kOff the Norfolk Navy Yard, circa late 1939-40. Note snow on the ship's after gun mount covers.Marc Piché/Robert Hurst/Joe Radigan
Stack 117kUSS Stack (DD-406), circa 1940, location unknown. Image from the 1943-44 edition of Jane's Fighting Ships.Robert Hurst
Stack 94kUSS Stack (DD-406) coming into Hvalfjord, Iceland from North Atlantic Patrol, 27 January - 01 February 1942. USS Tuscaloosa (CA-37) is anchored in the background.
Imperial War Museum Admiralty Official Collection by Parnall, C.H. (Lt), photo A 7488
Robert Hurst/Mike Green
Stack 42kPort broadside photo of the USS Stack (DD-406) on 06 August 1942. Photo from the 1943-45 Naval Recognition Manual.Mike Green
112kOn 06 August 1942, PBY-5 11-P-13 (BuNo 2410), based on McFarland (AVD-14) at Ndeni in the Santa Cruz Islands, took off on a routine patrol. The aircraft ran out of gas and landed near Indispensable Reef, approximately 80 miles southwest of Ndeni. Three days later (09 August), Stack was part of Task Force 18, retiring south from the first Guadalcanal landings. She drew the task of locating the disabled PBY. Her relentless skipper criss-crossed a wide area of open ocean for nearly sixteen hours, refusing to give up rescuing the crew of the lost plane. Finally at 1507 10 August, Stack made contact with the drifting plane. Hoping to salvage the PBY and tow it back to base, the plane's crew signaled it could not stay afloat more than a few hours without someone remaining aboard to bail it out. Deeming that too dangerous, Stack's whaleboats instead recovered the ten man crew and classified documents, and at 1605 the destroyer fired four 5" rounds, setting the plane afire. At 1625 the PBY was seen to sink, and Stack left the area to rejoin TF 18. The next day she transferred the VP-11 crew to Platte (AO-24), ending an interesting sidelight of the Pacific War.
National Archives photo 80-G-16762
Rick Davis & John Chiquoine
679k View taken at Mare Island, California, Navy Yard, 19 March 1943, plan view, aft. Alterations are indicated by circles. Note YF-462 at other side of pier, and dredge in channel (background)
National Archives photo 19-N-42255
Dave Wright
Stack 442kUSS Stack (DD-406) plan view amidships, from the pilothouse to the torpedo tubes, taken at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 19 March 1943. Note details of the ship's foremast and smokestack; barge YF-462 and ammunition depot in the background.
National Archives photo 19-N-42253
Fred Weiss
Stack 599kUSS Stack (DD-406) Plan view forward, from the bow to the pilothouse, taken at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 19 March 1943. Note details of the ship's bridge and Mark 33 gun director. Also note open passenger tractor-trailer rig at right and supply storage area in the distance.
National Archives photo 19-N-42254
Fred Weiss
Stack 405kUSS Stack (DD-406) underway off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 21 March 1943.
National Archives photo 19-N-42249
Fred Weiss
Stack 421kUSS Stack (DD-406) underway off Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 21 March 1943.
National Archives 19-N-42250
Fred Weiss
679kBow view of USS Stack (DD-406) underway off Mare Island, California, Navy Yard, 21 March 1943.
National Archives photo 19-N-42251
Dave Wright
Stack 89kStern view of USS Stack (DD 406) off Mare Island on 21 March 1943.
Navy Photo 1875-3-43
Darryl Baker
Stack 86kBroadside view of USS Stack (DD 406) off Mare Island on 21 March 1943. She was in overhaul at the yard, 02 February - 21 March 1943.
Navy Photo 1877-3-43
Darryl Baker
Stack 38kPhoto from Our Navy magazine, April 1943.Chet Morris
Stack 718kUSS Stack (DD-406) Plan view forward, taken at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 05 May 1944. Note long dent in her hull side, near the waterline somewhat aft of her hull number; Mark 33 gun director atop the pilothouse; and 5"/38 guns. Also note USS Farenholt (DD-491) tied up astern; floating drydock ARD-11 with USS Lamson (DD-367) in the dock at left, diver boat just off Stack's starboard side and railway cars on the pier. Circles mark recent alterations to the ship.
National Archives photo 19-N-67029
Fred Weiss / Darryl Baker
Stack 815kView amidships, taken at the Mare Island Navy Yard, 05 May 1944. ARD-11 is visible at upper right.
National Archives 19-N-67030
Dave Wright
Stack 730kUSS Stack (DD-406) Plan view aft, taken at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 05 May 1944. Note quadruple torpedo tubes on the main deck, and secondary conning station between the 40mm gun mounts on the after deckhouse.
National Archives photo 19-N-67031
Fred Weiss
Stack 292kUSS Stack (DD-406) off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 27 May 1944. Her camouflage is Measure 31, Design 11d.
National Archives photo 19-N-67023
Fred Weiss
Stack 287kUSS Stack (DD-406) off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 27 May 1944. Her camouflage is Measure 31, Design 11d.
National Archives photo 19-N-67024
Fred Weiss
Stack 304kUSS Stack (DD-406) off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 27 May 1944. Her camouflage is Measure 31, Design 11d.
National Archives photo 19-N-67025
Fred Weiss
328kUSS Stack (DD-406) off the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, 27 May 1944. Her camouflage is Measure 31, Design 11d.
National Archives photo 19-N-67026
Fred Weiss
Stack 95kStern view of USS Stack (DD 406) off Mare Island on 27 May 1944. She was in overhaul at the shipyard from 22 March until 27 May 1944.
Navy Photo 3200-44
Darryl Baker
Stack 333kBow on view of USS Stack (DD 406) off Mare Island on 27 May 1944. She was in overhaul at the shipyard from 22 March until 27 May 1944. Note ship's whale boat is rigged outboard.
National Archives photo 19-N-67027
Darryl Baker
Stack 116kScene on 11 October 1944 in Humboldt Bay, New Guinea, while amphibious support units were making final preparations to depart for the Leyte invasion. In the center distance is Stack (DD-406), and in the near center is Teak (AN-35).
National Archives photo 80-G-257931
John Chiquoine and Dave Schroeder
Stack 243kStack in 1945 as they were moving wounded off of an aircraft carrier. From the collection of former crewmember Ray Benoit.Ray Benoit
Stack 110kUSS Stack (DD-406) View of the ship's forward portion, probably taken soon after she had been used as a target during the July 1946 Operation "Crossroads" atomic bomb tests. Note test structure on her bow and the apparently scorched condition of her paint.
Naval History & Heritage Command photo NH 97967
Fred Weiss

USS STACK DD-406 History
View This Vessels DANFS History entry at the Naval History & Heritage Command website

Commanding Officers
01LCDR Isaiah Olch (USNA 1922)20 November 1939 - 02 August 1940
02LCDR Alvord John Greenacre (USNA 1926)02 August 1940 - 05 February 1943
03LCDR Roy Arthur Newton (USNA 1930)05 February 1943 - 24 August 1943
04LCDR Philip Kingsland Sherman, Jr. (USNA 1933)24 August 1943 - 05 February 1944
05LCDR Robert Edward Wheeler (USNA 19xx)05 February 1944 - 25 March 1945
06LCDR Sam Johnston Caldwell, Jr. (USNA 1939)25 March 1945 - 27 May 1946
07CDR Edwin Arthur Shuman, Jr. USNR27 May 1946 - 28 August 1946

Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name: James Patterson
Address: 6915 Yarmouth Avenue, Reseda, CA 91335
Phone: (818)345-2872
E-mail: None

Note About Contacts.

The contact listed, Was the contact at the time for this ship when located. If another person now is the contact, E-mail me and I will update this entry. These contacts are compiled from various sources over a long period of time and may or may not be correct. Every effort has been made to list the newest contact if more than one contact was found.

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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This page was created by Fred Willishaw (ex ARG-4, AS-11 & DD-692) and is maintained by David L. Wright
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Last Updated 16 December 2021