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Photographic History of the United States Navy


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NJLA

Displacement 2924 Tons (Full), Dimensions, 376' 5"(oa) x 39' 7" x 13' 9" (Max)
Armament 5 x 5"/38AA, 10 x 40mm, 7 x 20mm AA, 10 x 21" tt.(2x5).
Machinery, 60,000 SHP; General Electric Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed, 38 Knots, Range 6500 NM@ 15 Knots, Crew 273.
Operational and Building Data
Laid down by Federal Shipbuilding, Kearny NJ. June 30 1943.
Launched November 14 1943 and commissioned December 20 1943.
Decommissioned April 30 1946 and recommissioned July 6 1951.
Decommissioned November 30 1960.
Stricken October 1 1972.
To Spain November 30 1960, renamed Jorge Juan (hull# 45, then reclassified as D 25).
Fate Stricken from the Spanish Navy list on Nov. 15, 1988, then scrapped.

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McGowan 52kRear Adm. Samuel McGowan, born at Laurens, S.C., 1 September 1870, was commissioned assistant paymaster 15 March 1894. On 1 July 1914 he was appointed paymaster general and Chief of the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts with the rank of rear admiral. Holding that office until his retirement in 1920, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for the preparation and execution of plans to maintain the fleets during World War I. He died 11 November 1934 at Laurens. Digital ID: npcc 19523, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs.Bill Gonyo
McGowan 78kArtist's conception of the McGowan by the renowned graphic illustrator John Barrett with the text written by naval author and historian Robert F. Sumrall. Their company Navy Yard Associates offers prints of most destroyers, destroyer escorts, submarines and aircraft carriers in various configurations during the ship's lifetime. The prints can be customized with ship's patches, your photograph, your bio, etc. If you decide to purchase artwork from them please indicate that you heard about their work from NavSource.Navy Yard Associates
Correspondance between the Navy and Mrs. Rose McGowan Cantey, sister of Rear Admiral McGowan, who was asked to be the ship's sponsor.

McGowan    McGowan    McGowan    McGowan    McGowan    McGowan

McGowan    McGowan    McGowan    McGowan    McGowan    McGowan

The documents Left to Right, Top to Bottom:
(1) Letter from the Secretary of the Navy, Frank Knox, notifying Mrs. Cantey of the naming of the McGowan (162k)
(2) Letter from the Bureau of Personnel requesting that Mrs. Cantey serve as the ship's sponsor (188k)
(3) Letter from the Supervisor of Shipbuilding at Kearny notifying Mrs. Cantey of her acceptance as sponsor and supplying details of the launching (200k)
(4) Page 1 of a handwritten note to the Supervisor of Shipbuilding with her acceptance (218k)
(5) Page 2 of the above document (178k)
(6) The formal invitation form Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company (169k
(7) A letter from CDR James B. Weiler, Prospective Commanding Officer, inviting Mrs. Cantey to the Commissioning (129k)
(8) A Thank You note from CDR Weiler thanking Mrs. Cantey for a Christmas present to the ship (217k)
(9) A letter from Rear Admiral Monroe Kelly covering her request for a copy of the Commissioning speech (139k)
(10) Page 1 of the speech by Rear Admiral Kelly suitable for reading from the podium (234k)
(11) Page 2 of the speech listed above (153k)
(12) A single spaced version of the speech suitable for use as a handout (308k)
Julie Peek
McGowan 138kUndated World War II image from the collection of John's dad, George M. Sopko, who was a plankowner.John P. Sopko
McGowan 95kUndated, location unknown.Gerd Matthes
McGowan 215kUndated, location unknown.Richard Miller BMCS USNR RET.
McGowan 71kMrs. Rose McGowan Cantey at the launching of the USS McGowan taken on 14th November 1943. The newspaper was The Long Island Daily Press dated November 15th 1943.Julie Peek
McGowan 31kFrom Brooklyn Eagle November 15th 1943.Julie Peek
McGowan 150kNewspaper clipping from the Charleston News and Courier dated November 17 1943.Julie Sinclair-Peek
McGowan 194kUSN photo of USS McGowan, DD 678 taken in 1944, location unknown.David Buell
Wickes 50kUSS McGowan (DD-678) at Hollandia (modern Jayapura), Humbolt Bay, Dutch New Guinea, on 8 November 1944. Photo Australian Armed Forces from the Collection Database of the Australian War Memorial under the ID Number: 078145.Robert Hurst
McGowan 123kNews dispatch from Admiral Nimitz describing the first naval bombardment of the Japanese homeland on July 15, 1945. The six ships were the battleships USS Missouri, USS Wisconsin, USS Iowa and the destroyers USS McGowan, USS Norman Scott and the USS Remey.Wayne VanDerVoort
McGowan 148kAmidships looking aft plan view of USS McGowan (DD 678) with USS Bell (DD 587) below at Mare Island on 23 Jan 1946. McGowan was in overhaul at the yard from 6 Nov 1945 to 25 Jan 1946.Darryl Baker
McGowan 116kForward plan view of USS McGowan (DD 678) with USS Bell (DD 587) below at Mare Island on 23 Jan 1946.Darryl Baker
McGowan 141kPhoto #: 80-G-478507, USS Ajax (AR-6) tending destroyers and patrol vessels at Sasebo, Japan. Photo is dated 14 December 1952. Ships nested along her port side include (left to right): USS The Sullivans (DD-537); USS McGowan (DD-678); USS Lewis Hancock (DD-675) and Korean frigate Imchin (# 66, ex USS Sausalito, PF-4). Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.Tony Cowart
McGowan 116kUSS Ajax (AR 6) tending destroyers and patrol vessels at Sasebo, Japan. Photo is dated 14 December 1952. Ships nested along her port side include (left to right): USS The Sullivans (DD 537); USS McGowan (DD 678); USS Lewis Hancock (DD 675) and Korean Frigate Imchin (PG 66), (ex USS Sausalito (PF 4).Joe Radigan
McGowan 194kEn-route to Malta from the Arctic, circa 1953.YN2 Harlan Ness
McGowan 76kCirca 1958.Marc Piché
McGowan 267kUSS McGowan (DD-678) underway at sea, 7 September 1958. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval History and Heritage Command. Photo #: NH 107190.Robert Hurst
McGowan 176kAerial view of USS McGowan aground off Fort Adams, RI, in 1960.Dave Schroeder and John Chiquoine
McGowan 84kBoston Naval Shipyard, May 1960© Richard Leonhardt
McGowan 87kBoston Naval Shipyard, May 1960© Richard Leonhardt
McGowan 224kUSS McGowan (DD-678) along with other smaller rescue craft converge at the crash site of the airborne early warning blimp ZPG-3W (144242), 10 miles east of Barnegat City, 6 July 1960. The remains of the blimp can be seen in the water after it fell into the Atlantic Ocean after envelope failure, killing 18 crewmen. Photo UPI/Corbis-Bettmann from "Military Aviation Disasters" by David GeroRobert Hurst
McGowan 67kShips patch.Mike Smolinski
McGowan 97kShips plaque from the collection of CDR Richard P. Multer.Robert Hall
On Spanish Service
McGowan 13kJorge Juan y Santacilia. Born in Monforte del Cid, Alicante, in 1713. Died in Madrid in 1773. Spanish scientist and sailor. He entered the Naval Academy of San Fernando, Cádiz, in 1729. He took part in the expedition against Oran and in the campaign of Naples. His remains are in the Pantheon of Illustrious Sailors, of San Fernando, Cádiz. His image is well known to the Spanish, as it appeared on the reverse of the old notes of 10,000 pesetas.Francisco Javier Santos Vazquez
Spain received five Fletchers (three "early", or "round bridge", and two "late", or "open bridge"). They were affectionately known as "Los Cinco Latinos" ("Latin Five"), after a music group that enjoyed great popularity in those years. They were initially assigned hull numbers "41" through "45" (no letters!), but in 1961 the Spanish Navy adopted a new numbering system, more similar to that of the Western Navies, and they became "D 21" through "D 25" (it seems that Jorge Juan, ex-McGowan, never displayed number "45" on her sides; at least there is no known photograph of her with that number painted on her hull). The five US hull numbers were DD-509, DD-550, DD-551, DD-678 and DD-799.
McGowan 164kUndated,Alcalá Galiano (D-24), ex-USS Jarvis (DD-799), and Jorge Juan (D-25), ex-USS McGowan (DD-678) at Palma de Mallorca, Spain.Camil Busquets
McGowan 122kMcGowan was transferred to Spain at Barcelona, on 1 December 1960. This photo was taken about an hour after the transfer ceremony took place. Curiously enough, she is already flying the Spanish flag, but stills displays her US name! Copyright © Camil Busquets.Fabio Peña
McGowan 75kJorge Juan leaves Barcelona in early December 1960, freshly transferred from the US Navy. She was one of the 39 Fletchers modernized under the FY 52 program (project SCB-74A). As clearly illustrated by this photograph, her #3 5"/38 gun mount, as well as the quad and twin 40mm/56 mounts previously fitted abeam the aft stack and between #3 and #4 guns, were replaced by three twin 3"/50 gun mounts and a Mk.56 gun fire control system; she was fitted with a tripod foremast to support the heavier antennas of her new SPS-6 and -10 radars, and received an updated ESM equipment (the radomes on the aft funnel housing radar direction-finders); her Mk.37 main gun director, atop the bridge, received a Mk.25 radar. On the other hand, she retained a quintuple bank of torpedo tubes, abaft the second stack. Other alterations, more closely visible in other photos on this page, included two fixed "Hedgehogs" in place of twin 40/56 guns before the bridge, and she was reduced to a single depth charge track, along with a torpedo decoy, on the fantail. Copyright © Camil Busquets.Fabio Peña
McGowan 136kJorge Juan (D-25), ex-USS McGowan (DD-678); Almirante Ferrándiz (D-22), ex-USS David W. Taylor (DD-551); Alcalá Galiano (D-24), ex-USS Jarvis (DD-799); and Almirante Valdés (D-23), ex-USS Converse (DD-509). Cartagena, Spain, circa 1961. Note Ferrándiz and Valdés still have pole masts and WWII-era radars; Galiano and Jorge Juan have tripod masts and more modern radars.Camil Busquets
McGowan 85kJorge Juan (D 25) in mid-1966. Note "Hedgehog" on the 01-level, before the bridge, and the array of radar direction-finder antennas (some covered by radomes, some uncovered) on her aft funnel. Copyright © Camil Busquets.Fabio Peña
McGowan 86kCirca 1966, location unknown.Robert Hurst
McGowan 132kJorge Juan (D25, ex-USS McGowan) underway in 1969, location unknown. Spanish Navy, Official.Robert Hurst
McGowan 102kThis view shows the partially enclosed bridge of the Spanish destroyer Jorge Juan (D 25), ex-USS McGowan (DD 678), with a Mk.37 gun director (fitted with the dish antenna of a Mk.25 radar) mounted on top. Note the fixed Mk.11 "Hedgehog", with ready-service ammunition boxes to each side, on the 01 level, just before the bridge. Barcelona, Spain, Jan. 21, 1979.Fabio Peña
McGowan 118kAfter her FY 52 modernization USS McGowan (DD 678), seen here as the Spanish Jorge Juan, had a single Mk.9 depth charge track mounted on her fantail, to starboard. On the port side (left of the photograph) she was fitted with the winch of a T-Mk.6 "Fanfare" anti-torpedo decoy. Barcelona, Spain, Jan. 21, 1979.Fabio Peña
McGowan 221kThree additional views from the collection above of Fabio Peña.Fabio Peña
McGowan 167kAs above.Fabio Peña
McGowan 134kAs above.Fabio Peña
McGowan 75kThree Spanish warships seen during a port call to Barcelona, Spain, on 23 January 1983. From left to right: the Fletcher-class destroyer Jorge Juan (D 25), ex-USS McGowan (DD 678); the Gearing-class destroyer Méndez Núñez (D 63), ex-USS O'Hare (DD 889); and the guided missile frigate Asturias (F 74). As an example of warship growth, Fletchers and Gearings were large "destroyers" by World War II standards, but a "frigate" designed in the 1960s, such as the Asturias, was noticeably larger.Fabio Peña
McGowan 21kJorge Juan (ex-DD 678) ribbon, as worn on a "lepanto" (uniform hat). As if to deliberately create confusion, "Lepanto," with an uppercase "L," is a name traditionally assigned to Spanish warships to commemorate the Battle of Lepanto (October 7, 1571), while "lepanto," with a lowercase "l," is the name of the hat worn by enlisted men.Francisco Javier Santos Vazquez

USS McGOWAN DD-678 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The hazegray Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Commanding Officers
Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves

CDR James Buchanan Weiler    Dec 20 1943 - Mar 29 1944

CDR William Ruffin Cox    Mar 29 1944 - Jun 22 1945 (Later RADM)

LCDR Terrell Hoyt Woodward Connor    Jun 22 1945 - Apr 30 1946

(Decommissioned Apr 30 1946 - Jul 6 1951)

CDR James Allan (Jungle Jim) Eastwood    Jul 6 1951 - Jan 1952

CDR Elwood Clinton McCoy    Jan 1952 - Jan 16 1954

CDR Philip Godfrey Dye    Jan 16 1954 - Mar 14 1956

CDR Robert Ross Carter    Mar 14 1956 - Apr 1957

CDR Adam Alexander Herron Jr.    Apr 1957 - May 1959

CDR Elbert Medford Barton Jr.    May 1958 - Apr 27 1960

CDR Harvey O'Neill Webster Jr.    Apr 27 1960 - Nov 30 1960

Commanding Officers under Spanish Command
Thanks to Fabio Peña and Ministerio de Defensa de España, Gabinete del AJEMA

CdF Fernando de Alboran Moreno Reyna    Dec 1 1960 - Dec 1 1962 (Later VADM)

CdF Manuel Manso Quijano    Dec 1 1962 - Feb 27 1964 (Later ADM)

CdF Antonino Cordero Belmonte    Feb 27 1964 - Feb 28 1965

CdF Ricardo Cruz Requejo    Feb 28 1965 - Mar 7 1966 (Later VADM)

CdF Cristobal Gonzalez-Aller Balseyro    Mar 7 1966 - Mar 28 1967 (Later RADM)

CdF Ricardo Minguez Suarez-Inclan    Mar 28 1967 - Sep 7 1969

CdF Raul Hermida Y Sanchez de Leon    Sep 7 1969 - Mar 18 1971 (Later VADM)

CdF Ricardo J Ruiz de Gopegui Y Sendagorta    Mar 18 1971 - Apr 30 1973

Cdf Manuel Colorado Guitian    Apr 30 1973 - Jul 15 1974 (Later RADM)

CdF Antonio Gadea Asensi    Jul 15 1974 - Feb 26 1976

CdF Julio Albert Ferrero    Feb 26 1976 - Aug 26 1977 (Later VADM)

CdF Emilio Arevalo Pelluz    Aug 26 1977 - Mar 22 1979 (Later ADM)

CdF Luis Del Campo Herrero    Mar 22 1979 - Mar 24 1980

CdF Juan Carlos Bellas Montenegro    Mar 24 1980 -Sep 24 1981

CdF Victoriano Fernandez de Palencia Roc    Sep 24 1981 - Jun 22 1984 (Later RADM)

CdF Alejandro Yanez Rodriguez    Jun 22 1984 - Dec 20 1985 (Later RADM)

CdF Antonio Estevan Alberto    Dec 20 1985 - Jun 22 1987

CdF Rafael Vallejo Ruiz    Jun 22 1987 - Nov 15 1988

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name: Howard Hughes
Address: 5620 Julmar Drive, Cincinnati,Ohio 45238
Phone: (513)922-4886
Next Reunion: September 6-9, 2013 at Wilmington, NC

Note About Contacts.

The contact listed, Was the contact at the time for this ship when located. If another person now is the contact, E-mail me and I will update this entry. These contacts are compiled from various sources over a long period of time and may or may not be correct. Every effort has been made to list the newest contact if more than one contact was found.

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
USS McGowan website
Tin Can Sailors Website
Destroyer History Foundation
Destroyers Online Website
Official U.S.Navy Destroyer Website

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