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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive

S-46 (SS-157)

Radio Call Sign: November - India - Papa - Sierra

Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Defense Service Medal (with Sea Clasp)
Bottom Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal

S-42 Class Submarine: Laid down, 23 February 1921, at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., Quincy, MA.; Launched, 11 September 1923; Commissioned, USS S-46 (SS-157), 5 June 1925; Decommissioned, 2 November 1945, at San Francisco, CA.; Struck from the Naval Register, 16 November 1945; Final Disposition, sold for scrapping 19 November 1946, to Salco Iron and Metal Co., San Francisco, CA. S-46 was awarded one battle star for her World War II service.
Partial data submitted by Yves Hubert.

Specifications: Displacement, Surfaced: 903 t., Submerged: 1126 t..; Length 225' 3"; Beam 20' 8"; Draft 13' 1"; Speed, surfaced 14.5 kts, submerged 11 kts; Depth Limit 200'; Complement 4 Officers, 34 Enlisted; Armament, four 21" torpedo tubes, 12 torpedoes, one 4"/50 deck gun; Propulsion, diesel electric engines, New London Ship and Engine Co., diesel engines, 1,200 hp, Fuel Capacity, 46,363 gal.; Electro Dynamic Co., electric motors, 1,200 hp, Battery Cells, 120, twin propellers.
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T-2 1.20k AA-2 (SS-60) at Fore River Ship Yard, 1 October 1921.
Note the submarine being built in the boat house above the docked AA-2. The last 3 S-boats being turned out there were S-44 (SS-155), S-46 (SS-157) & S-47 (SS-158); respectively laid down 14 January, 23 February & 26 February 1921.
US National Archives photo # 19lc 1 from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.
SS 157
NR All The News That Fit to Print (After it's been corrected).
New Submarine Takes to the Sea
The S-46 (SS-157), newest submarine of the U. S. Navy, as she slid down the ways at Fore River, Mass. after being christened by Grace Roosevelt, first grandchild of President Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States.
Mistaken boat listed by the newspaper. The S-47 (SS-158) is listed by the paper, however, she was launched 5 January 1924 & sponsored by Mrs. Morris D. Gilmore and all the facts except the right number of the boat make her the S-46.
Text i.d. via John Spivey.
Insert image via
Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX.
Photo from Brownsville Herald. [volume] (Brownsville, Tex.) 1910-current, 17 September 1923, Image 1, via
SS 132, SS 134 & SS 157 145k Inboard alongside pier are the S-27 (SS-132), S-46 (SS-157) and S-29 (SS-134) at the Groton CT, Navy Yard, 2 January 1924. USN photo # 19-N-10280, from the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), courtesy of Daniel Dunham.
SS 157 & 164 77k Fleet submarines had to be far larger than their presecessors to reach higher speeds & to run greater distances. V-2 (SS-164) lies alongside S-46 (SS-157) at the sub base in Coco Solo in the Canal Zone, circa mid 1920's. In the background is the minesweeper Swan (AM-34). Note the big telescopic masts fore & aft, intended to raise the submarine's radio antennas and thus to increase her radio range. Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman. Naval Institute Press.
SS 153 270k Typical of the last E.B.'s S-boats S-42-47 (SS-153-58) is shown as in 1924-25 (the date of final changes to the original plans is illegible). These boats were part of a second, redesigned series. They were lengthened enough to accomodate both the new 4in/50 gun & the gun access hatch shown (arrowed) forward of the conning tower fairwater (it is the main visual difference between these and earlier E.B. units). Drawing & Text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman. Naval Institute Press.
SS 157
2.61k S-46 (SS-157) at Coco Solo, circa 1925-28. Courtesy of Julius "Fred" Hatchett via his grandson Steve Hatchett.
SS 157 199k Port side view of the S-46 (SS-157), 1925. USN photo courtesy of
US Fleet Problem Number VI 1.72k Control Force Employment Schedule, 4 January to 1 March 1926. US Fleet Problem Number VI. Photo courtesy of Steve Ireland.
SS 157 67k S-46 (SS-157) leaving Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, en route to Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., in April 1927. S-44 (SS-155) is in the foreground and the destroyer in the distance is Moody (DD-277). USN photo # NH 42189, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center
SS 157
966k S-46 (SS-157) off San Diego, California, circa the later 1920s. A fuel barge marked Star & Crescent Oil Co. // Associated Gasoline is beyond S-46's bow. A San Diego Consolidated Gas & Electric Company powerplant is in the center distance. Image and text provided by NH-42190
SS 153
2.54k 19th Submarine Division at San Diego, California, 28 July 1928, with officers and crewmen paraded on deck. Panoramic photograph, taken by O.A. Tunnell, 521 A St., San Diego. The first three submarines are (from inboard): S-46 (SS-157); S-42 (SS-153) and S-47 (SS-158). The 4th & 6th boats on the right are (in no order) S-43 (SS-154) & S-44 (SS-155). The fifth boat is S-45 (SS-156), with the E emblazoned on her conning tower.
My grandad Julius "Fred" Hatchett is on the closest sub, the S-46. He's at the far right of the middle group of sailors.
Courtesy of Julius "Fred" Hatchett via his grandson Steve Hatchett.
SS 157 529k Closeup view of the S-46's (SS-157) conning tower area, looking aft. Photo taken at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., during the 1920s. Note her bell, navigation lights and open hatch. Text courtesy of photo # NH 72134, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
Photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
SS 157 199k Port side view of the S-46 (SS-157) entering Pearl Harbor, circa 1930-35. USN photo courtesy of Tai Ling Soo via
S-boats 327k Submarine Division 11 is shown moored together here in this photograph, probably taken in 1936 at the Submarine Base in Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone. Shown are the S-46 (SS-157), S-43 (SS-154), S-47 (SS-158), S-42 (SS-153), S-44 (SS-155), and S-45 (SS-156). Photo i.d. & text courtesy of David Johnston (USN, retired)
USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen &
SS 157 69k CDR. Ralph Clinton Lynch Jr. assumed command of the S-46 (SS-157) in April, 1939. He continued duty as commanding officer after the outbreak of World War II, until 1942, participating in operations in the Southwest Pacific, Solomons and New Guinea area, and Rabaul and Lae areas. Image from the San Diego Navy Historical Association courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
S-23 73k An 1942 oil painting on board, by the artist William F. Draper entitled "Sub and Yippy Tie Up."
In a quiet inlet of the Bering Sea in 1942, a YP boat gets a coat of paint and an S-boat ties up for fuel and provisions. The short Alaskan day is ending and lights may be seen in the barracks until total darkness requires a blackout.
The S-boats that served in the Aleutians theater were:
S-18 (SS-123),
S-23 (SS-128),
S-27 (SS-132),
S-28 (SS-133),
S-30 (SS-135),
S-31 (SS-136),
S-32 (SS-137),
S-33 (SS-138),
S-34 (SS-139),
S-35 (SS-140),
S-36 (SS-141),
S-40 (SS-145),
S-41 (SS-146),
S-42 (SS-153),
S-44 (SS-155),
S-45 (SS-156),
S-46 (SS-157), &
S-47 (SS-158).
Sub and Yippy Tie Up by William F. Draper.
Painting #13 / 88-189-N. Courtesy of the USNHC.
SS 157 93k S-46 (SS-157) is shown off the Atlantic Coast, 17 June 1943. Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman. Naval Institute Press.
SS 157 287k S-46 (SS-157) circa WW II. U.S. Navy photo courtesy of via his son, Joseph Crawford.
SS 157 761k Lt. Earl Russell Crawford during command of S-46 (SS-157) from September of 1942 to September of 1943. U.S. Navy photo courtesy of via his son, Joseph Crawford.
SS 157 953k In mid-September 1944, she moved north to Unalaska in the Aleutians. Based at Dutch Harbor, S-46 (SS-157) ranged westward into the Kurils during her last two war patrols, October - November 1943 and December 1943 - January 1944. During the first, she damaged an enemy oiler in the Paramushiro area; during the second, she was scoreless. On returning to Dutch Harbor after her last war patrol, she was assigned, with others of her class, to antisubmarine training activities.
Her crew & her skipper (5th from left, I believe) appears above during that period.
Text courtesy of DANFS.
U.S. Navy photo courtesy of via his son, Joseph Crawford.

View the S-46 (SS-157)
DANFS history entry located on the Haze Gray & Underway Web Site.
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

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PigBoats.COM TM A Historic Look at Submarines

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