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|209k||Tang (SS-306) on left, & Tilefish (SS-307) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 1 July 1943.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org|
|275k||Tang (SS-306) on left, & Tilefish (SS-307) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 1 July 1943.||USN photo courtesy of ussubvetsofworldwarii.org|
|117k||Tang (SS-306) on left, & Tilefish (SS-307) under construction at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 1 July 1943.||USN photo # 4747-43 courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|183k||Tang's (SS-306) Launching party: Left to right: Mrs. F. W. Scanland, LTJG L. R. Olsen, USN, Mrs. F. G. Crisp, Capt. F. W. Scanland, USN, Mrs. W. L. Friedell, RADM W. L. Friedell (Shipyard Commander), Mrs. L. R. Olsen (Matron of Honor), Capt. A. S. Pitre, USN, Mrs. Antonio S. Pitre (Sponsor), Capt. F. G. Crisp, USN, Congressman J. Leroy Johnson, Mrs. J. L. Johnson.||USN photo contributed by Darryl L. Baker.|
|46k||News clipping from the 20 August 1943 edition of the shipyard's newspaper, The Grapevine, of the Sponsor and Matron of Honor for the launching of the Tang (SS-306) at Mare Island on 17 August 1943. Left to right: Mrs. Cecily Olsen (Matron of Honor) and Mrs. A. S. Pitre (Sponsor).||USN photo contributed by Darryl L. Baker.|
|222k||The Tang (SS-306) at the end of the ways during her launching at Mare Island Navy Yard on 17 August 1943.||USN photo # 5897-43 courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|157k||The Tang (SS-306) at the end of the ways during her launching at Mare Island Navy Yard on 17 August 1943. The fore poppet & packing from the launching is floating in the foreground.||USN photo courtesy of mareislandlostboats.org.|
|175k||Commissioning ceremonies aboard the Tang (SS-306) at Mare Island Navy Yard on 15 October 1943.||USN photo # 7149-43 courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.|
|42k||Commemorative postal cover marking the Tang's (SS-306) commissioning at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA. 15 October 1943.||Photo courtesy of Jack Tretule.|
|3.41k||Tang (SS-306), off Mare Island Navy Yard, CA., 2 December 1943.||USN photo # NH 42273, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center via Robert Hurst.|
|839k||Boatswain William R. Leibold was presented the Bronze Star for the period covering 22 January to 3 March 1944 while attached to the Tang (SS-306). Ceremony was held aboard the Pelias (AS-14) at Mare Island on 14 November 1947. Left to right: CDR Richard H. O'Kane (Chief Staff Officer, Mare Island Group, Pacific Reserve Fleet & Commanding Officer of Tang during the period of the award); Capt. H. C. Fish (Commander, Mare Island Group), Boatswain Leibold and CDR J. L. P. McCallum (Planning Officer, Mare Island Group). |
BTW CDR J. L. P McCallum was CO of the Bream (SS-243) in late 1944.
|USN photo courtesy of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum via Darryl L. Baker.|
|93k||A Vought OS2U "Kingfisher" float-plane, from North Carolina (BB-55) off Truk with nine aviators on board, awaiting rescue by Tang (SS-306), 1 May 1944. The plane had landed inside Truk lagoon to recover downed airmen. Unable to take off with such a load, it then taxied out to Tang, which was serving as lifeguard submarine during the 29 April-1 May carrier strikes on Truk.||US National Archives photo # 80-G-227990, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.|
|116k||A Vought OS2U "Kingfisher" float plane, from North Carolina (BB-55) off Truk with nine aviators on board, awaiting rescue by Tang (SS-306), 1 May 1944. The plane had landed inside Truk lagoon to recover downed airmen. Unable to take off with such a load, it then taxied out to Tang, which was serving as lifeguard submarine during the 29 April-1 May carrier strikes on Truk.||US National Archives photo # 80-G-227991, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.|
|143k||Tang's (SS-306) Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Commander Richard H O'Kane (center), poses with the twenty-two air crewmen that Tang rescued off Truk during the carrier air raids there on 29 April-1 May 1944. The photograph was taken upon Tang's return to Pearl Harbor from her second war patrol, in May 1944.||US National Archives photo # 80-G-80-G-227987, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.|
|151k||Photo of a water color by LCDR E. T. Grigware, USNR of the rescue of 22 Naval Airmen by Tang (SS-306) off Truk Island 29-30 April 1944.||Contributed by Darryl L. Baker.|
|149k||Tang (SS-306) takes aboard air crewmen of downed aircraft and of a North Carolina (BB-55) OS2U float-plane that had landed to rescue them, off Truk on 1 May 1944.||US National Archives photo # 80-G-80-G-227989, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.|
|86k||A Vought OS2U "Kingfisher" float plane, from North Carolina (BB-55) afire after it was hit by gunfire from Tang (SS-306), off Truk, 1 May 1944. The plane was destroyed after its crew and passengers were removed.||US National Archives photo # 80-G-80-G-227992, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.|
|142k||Tang (SS-306) underway underwater.||Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|66k||Tang (SS-306), returning to Pearl Harbor.||USN / USNI photo.|
|119k||Tang (SS-306) returning to Pearl Harbor after her 2nd War Patrol, Circa May 1944.||Photo courtesy of Sheldon Levy, USN RET, and ussubvetsofworldwarii.org|
|146k||Early in October 1942 the Japanese called for a group of men with technical skills for "special" projects in Japan. On Mindanao, the Japanese gathered 268 men from Camp Casisang, Mindanao and marched them to Bugo where they boarded the Tamahoko Maru on 3 October 1942 for a 3-day voyage to Manila. At Manila they were marched to Bilibid Prison to wait for transportation to Japan. The Tamahoko Maru made a second voyage carrying POWs. That voyage began at Takao, Formosa on 18 June 1944 with about 772 POWs including 267 Australian, 190 British, 266 Dutch and 18 Americans that had left Manila on the Miyo Maru on 3 June 1944. |
The Miyo Maru ran into a typhoon and was too severely damaged to complete the trip to Japan. On the night of 24 June 1944 Tang (SS-306) torpedoed the Tamahoko Maru sinking it near Nagasaki, Japan with the loss of 560 out of the 772 POWs on board. Gregory F. Michno.
|Photo from powresearch.jp
Text from Death on the Hellships by Gregory F. Michno & submitted by Tommy Trampp.
|71k||Oil painting by Commander Albert K. Murray, USNR, Official U.S. Navy Combat Artist, depicting Commander Richard H. O'Kane, USN on board the submarine Tang (SS-306) in 1944. This photograph was taken to support the Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition "Your Navy: Its contribution to America from Colonial Days to World Leadership", which opened on 25 October 1948.||Official USN photo # NH 97859, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center.|
|167k||Tang's (SS-306) battleflag. It is a replica of the original, lost with Tang. |
It was designed and fabricated with full approval of the living Tang survivors, in the mid 1980's.
|Text i.d. courtesy of William R. Leibold CDR, USN (Retired), last surviving crew member of the Tang (SS-306).
Flag courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com
|424k||This photo is supposed to be a rendition of the Tang (SS-306). While the notation is correct, it should be noted that there is no deck gun mounted forward of sail, and the sail structure is too large.||Text i.d. courtesy of William R. Leibold CDR, USN (Retired), last surviving crew member of the Tang (SS-306).
USN photo courtesy of Scott Koen &
|59k||Oil on canvas painting by the artist Kevin Anderson entitled " Pearl Harbor Bound" depicts the Tang (SS-306) running on the surface on her way home after sinking their last ship on the boat's 4th patrol. In a month or so Tang would be sunk by its own torpedo and most of her men would be K.I.A.||Photo & text courtesy of subart.net.|
|212k||On 24 October 1944, during her fifth war patrol, Tang (SS-306) was sunk in Formosa Strait as a result of the malfunctioning of one of her own torpedoes which made a circular run and returned to strike the hull abreast the after torpedo room. The resulting detonation caused the ship to plunge by the stern within a few seconds.
This report is based on the information contained in the references.
The first portion of reference (a) is a narrative of Tang's fifth war patrol up to the time of her loss and was written from memory by the Commanding Officer upon his release from a Japanese prisoner of war camp at the end of the war, approximately one year after the action took place.
The second portion of reference (a) is a reconstruction of the events which occurred in Tang after the torpedo struck. Since the Commanding Officer was washed off the bridge when the ship sank, this portion is based on the stories of the eight other survivors as related to him at the first opportunity after their capture by the Japanese; five of the eight having gone down with the boat and later making individual underwater escapes from the forward torpedo room.
This reference, although understandably not as complete as formal war damage reports covering actions in which a submarine returns to base and damage can be thoroughly investigated, is an excellent presentation of the available data and is the only account in U.S. Naval history of the events inside a war-damaged U.S. submarine during and after hits sinking.
References (b) and (c) cover the escape problem facing the men trapped within the boat and the procedure used by those few who made successful escapes. These latter two references are based upon personal written and oral accounts of the survivors as related to representatives of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
The photograph of the torpedoing of U-977 is included to illustrate the magnitude of Tang's disaster. The PLATE was prepared by the Bureau.
|Photo & text courtesy of ibiblio.org.|
|67k||Google Earth satellite photo where Tang (SS-306) is assumed to have been lost.||View courtesy of Google Earth.|
|142k||Commemorative photo in honor of the memory of the crew of the Tang (SS-306).||Photo courtesy of Tom Kermen. Dante's Prayer courtesy of Loreena McKennitt via quinlanroad.com.|
|142k||News on the march! |
War crime trials testimony & Happy reunion for Tang (SS-306) survivor.
|Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.|
|130k||Richard Hetherington “Dick" O'Kane was born in Dover, New Hampshire, on 2 February 1911. He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in May 1934 and spent his first years of active duty in the cruiser Chester (CL-27) and destroyer Pruitt (DD-347). He received submarine instruction in 1938 and was then assigned to Argonaut (SS-166) until 1942. Lieutenant O'Kane then joined the pre-commissioning crew of the new submarine Wahoo (SS-238), serving as her Executive Officer under Commanding Officer Dudley W. Morton and establishing a record as a very promising tactician. In July 1943, Lieutenant Commander O'Kane was detached from Wahoo and soon became Prospective Commanding Officer of Tang (SS-306), which was then under construction. He placed her in commission in October 1943 and commanded her through her entire career. In five war patrols, O'Kane and Tang sank an officially recognized total of 24 Japanese ships, establishing one of the Pacific War's top records for submarine achievement. He was captured by the Japanese when his ship was accidently sunk off China during the night of 24-25 October 1944 and was secretly held prisoner until the war's end some ten months later. Following his release, Commander O'Kane was awarded the Medal of Honor for his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" during his submarine's final operations against Japanese shipping. In the years following World War II, Commander O'Kane served with the Pacific Reserve Fleet as Commanding Officer of the submarine tender Pelias (AS-14), testified at Japanese war crimes trials, was Executive Officer of the submarine tender Nereus and was Commander Submarine Division Thirty-Two. He was a student at the Armed Forces Staff College in 1950-51 and was subsequently assigned to the Submarine School at New London, Connecticut, initially as an instructor and, in 1952-53, as Officer in Charge. Promoted to the rank of Captain in July 1953, O'Kane commanded the submarine tender Sperry (AS-12) until June 1954 and then became Commander Submarine Squadron Seven. Following studies at the Naval War College in 1955-56, he served in Washington, D.C., with the Ship Characteristics Board. Captain O'Kane retired from active duty in July 1957 and, on the basis of his extensive combat awards, was simultaneously advanced to the rank of Rear Admiral on the Retired List. Richard H. O'Kane died on 16 February 1994.|| Biography courtesy of the Naval History and Heritage Command.
USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
|NR||SUBMARINE: By Comdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
The Gunboat Gave Tang (SS-306) an Excruciating Pounding, But Revenge Was Dear to Heart of This Sub
OUTSTANDING KILLER—This is Tang, which had one skipper and whose life was lived in the short span of one year. And in that year Tang and her captain, Dick O’Kane, achieved the most outstanding record of damage and destruction to enemy shipping ever credited to one submarine. Here Tang was photographed as she returned to Pearl Harbor in April, 1944, after having rescued 22 carrier-based pilots whose planes had been forced down at sea during an attack on the Japanese island naval base of Truk.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by Evening Star.[volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 25 November 1952, Image 5, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
|NR||SUBMARINE: By Comdr. Edward L. Beach, USN
Tang (SS-306) Almost Wiped Out a Japanese Convoy, But Fell Victim to One of Her Own Torpedoes.
WATCHING HER GO DOWN—Here is the crowded control room of a modern United States submarine. The big dial in the center is the diving gauge, which shows how far the submarine is under the surface. The sailor in the foreground uses the large wheel to operate a set of diving planes which control the angle at which the craft submerges or surfaces.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by Evening Star.[volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 26 November 1952, Image 27, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
|345k||Left to right: RADM Richard H. O'Kane (USN Ret) and Mrs. O'Kane, Mrs. & Capt O. E. Proctor (Commander, Submarine Group Mare Island). Photo taken 4/16/1971 during Submarine Birthday Ball at the Mare Island Officers Club.||USN photo courtesy of the Vallejo Naval & Historical Museum via Darryl L. Baker.|
|167k||Commemorative cachet honoring the memory of the Tang's (SS-306) crew on eternal patrol.||Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com|
|117k||Joyce DaSilva, the wife of Jesse DaSilva of the Tang (SS-306), one of the nine survivors of the boat, tosses a flower into a reflecting pool to honor the memory of one of the 52 submarines lost during World War II at the National Submarine Memorial-West on board Naval Weapons Station Seal Beach, Calif. On this Veterans Day, the Submarine Veterans of World War II transferred ownership of the memorial to the U.S. Navy.
The following text is from The Coming Fury by Bruce Catton., pg. 478.
"Major Sullivan Ballou of Rhode Island was killed in the battle, and just before it he had wrote to his wife, Sarah, to tell her that he believed he was going to be killed and to express a tremulous faith that could see a gleam of light in the dark:
"But O Sarah! If the dead can come back to this earth and float unseen around those they loved, I shall always be near you in the gladdest days and in the gloomiest nights, always, always, and if there be a soft breeze upon your chest it shall be my breath, as the cool air fans your throbbing temple it shall be my spirit passing by. Sarah, do not mourn me dead; think I am gone and wait, for we shall meet again!"
|Text i.d. courtesy of Marlynn Starring. Photo i.d. courtesy of Chuck Senior, Vice Commander, Los Angeles-Pasadena Base, USSVI.
USN photo # N-1159B-021 by Journalist 2nd Class Brian Brannon, courtesy of news.navy.mil.
|201k|| "Escape from the Tang (SS-306). Sunk by her own and last torpedo-final shot in an epic convoy battle-the ill fated submarine lies deep in Formosa Strait. As depth charges rain down, submariners open escape hatches. Strongest goes first with knife to cut away obstacles."
In the Second Book of Shmuel (Samuel), 22nd chapter, 5th through the 20th verses, translated from the original in Hebrew and published by the Koren Publishers of Jerusalem, Israel, 1982, can perhaps aptly describe the fate of the crew and all other U.S. submariners who died defending their county:
"When the waves of death compassed me / the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; / the bonds of She'ol encircled me; / the snares of death took me by surprise; / in my distress I called upon the Lord, / and cried to my G-D: / and he heard my voice out of his temple, / and my cry entered into his ears. / Then the earth shook and trembled; /the foundations of heaven moved / and shook because of his anger /...the heavy mass of waters, and thick clouds of the skies /... And the channels of the sea appeared, / the foundations of the world were laid bare, / at the rebuking of the Lord, at the blast at the breath of his nostrils. / He sent from above, he took me; / he drew me out of many waters; / he delivered me from my strong enemy, and from those who hated me; for they were too strong for me. / They surprised me in the day of my calamity: / but the Lord was my stay..."
|Drawing by Lt. Cmdr. Fred Freemen, courtesy of Theodore Roscoe, from his book "U.S. Submarine Operations of WW II", published by USNI.|
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