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NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive

Fenian Ram

Introduction from Historic Naval Ships Association (

The Fenian Ram is the second experimental submarine built by Irish-born inventor and educator John P. Holland. It was financed by the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish revolutionary movement in the United States that sought Ireland's independence from British rule. It carried a crew of three, and made frequent dives in New York Harbor. It led Holland to perfect four other experimental craft that eventually resulted in his Holland submarine of 1898, which was adopted by the U.S. Navy and commissioned as SS-1.
Fenian Ram was placed in Paterson's West Side Park in 1928 as a monument to the inventor. In 1980, it was moved inside the Paterson Museum where today it serves as a reminder of the ingenuity of the "father of the modern submarine."

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Holland NR Holland Submarine Boat Presented to Clason Point Military Academy Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo & text by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, 12 November 1916, SECTION 6, Image 45, courtesy of
Fenian Ram 409k "The Submarine Supplies its Own Memorial"
This is an original 1933 black and white halftone print of submarine Fenian Ram constructed by John P. Holland, who conducted his experiments in the Passaic River. This model was launched in 1881, and could sink to a depth of 60 feet with 2 men on board.
Photo courtesy of
Fenian Ram57kHolland's Fenian Ram incorporated most of the features of his successful Holland VI except for an inadequate power plant. The Ram, now in the Paterson N.J. city museum, is shown on the grounds of the New York State Marine School, Clason Point, where she was displayed between 1916-27.Photo & text courtesy of U.S. Submarines Through 1945, An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman. Naval Institute Press.
Fenian Ram585k Holland's Fenian Ram in Paterson's West Side Park, Paterson N.J.Library of Congress photo # 305246pv courtesy of Mike Green.
Fenian Ram320kHolland's Fenian Ram on display at the Paterson Museum, New Jersey, 19 October 2016.Photo taken by Tomwsulcer via Robert Hurst.
Photo added 08/09/18.

Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Fenian Ram
Holland Submarine Exhibit
Submarine History / An Illustrated Survey of Key Events in Submarine History

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