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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-38 (1943 - 1945)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Golf - Tango - Charlie
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (4) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)

LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 12 May 1943, at Dravo Corp., Neville Island, PA.
  • Launched, 27 July 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-38, 3 September 1943, LT. Colin W. Churchill, USNR in command
  • During World War II USS LST-38 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    LST Flotilla Thirteen, CAPT. J.G. Sampson USN (22);
    LST Group Thirty-Nine, CDR. B. T. Zelenka USN (24);
    LST Division Seventy-Eight and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Marshall Islands operation
    Occupation of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls, 31 January to 6 February 1944
    Hollandia operation, 21 to 27 April 1944
    Bismarck Archipelago operation
    Admiralty Islands landings, 28 March to 1 April 1944
    Marianas operation
    Capture and occupation of Guam, 21 to 25 July 1944

  • Following World War II USS LST-38 was redesignated Tank Landing Ship (Hospital) LST(H)-38 , 15 September 1945
  • USS LST(H)-38 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East 23 September to 30 November 1945
  • Decommissioned, 26 March 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 1 May 1946
  • USS LST-38 earned four battle stars for World War II service
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 5 December 1947, to Ships and Power Equipment Co., Barber, N.J.
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    LST-122 142k Left to Right; USS LST-122, USS LST-38, USS LST-221 and USS LST-456 beached at Finschhaven New Guinea, April 1944.
    US National Archives Record Group 111, Photo # SC 259917, a US Army Signal Corps photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    John Chiquoine
    LST-38 144k USS LST-38 at anchor, date and location unknown. Submitted by Don Leal USS LST-19 & USS LST-67
    Courtesy Bob Kilian MoMM 1/c, USNR USS LST 38
    LST-38 144k USS LST-38 at anchor, date and location unknown. LSM-LSMR Association

    USS LST-38
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Churchill, Colin W., USNR3 September 1943 - February 1944
    02LT. Roberts, William Thomas, USNRFebruary 1944 - August 1944
    03LT. Luken Jr., Norbert H., USNRAugust 1944 - 20 January 1945
    04LTjg. Flynt, Rufus G., USNR20 January 1945 - 1945
    05LT. Bouldin Jr., James W., USNR1945 - December 1945
    06LTjg. Porfiri, Guido D., USNRDecember 1945 - 1 February 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Amphibious Ship Type Index Back To The Tank Landing Ship (LST) Photo Index
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    This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 13 October 2017