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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
LST-422 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 12 November 1942, at Bethlehem Fairfield Co., Baltimore, MD.
Launched, 10 December 1942
Transferred to the Royal Navy under the Lend-Lease Act, and Commissioned in to the Royal Navy as HM LST-422, 4 February 1943
LST-422 saw no active service with the US Navy
Participated in the Sicily, Reggio, Salerno and Anzio operations (MacDermott Ships Without Names)
Sunk by a mine during Operation Shingle off Anzio, 26 January 1944
Struck from the Naval Register, 16 May 1944
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
two - Twin 40MM gun mounts /Mk. 51 directors
four - Single 40MM gun mounts
twelve single 20MM gun mounts
Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
six - 20MM single gun mounts
four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
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||HM LST-422 along with an unidentified LST being unloaded in Anzio harbour. Photo by Denis Healey, from "Anzio: The Friction of War: Italy and The Battle For Rome 1944," by LLoyd Clark.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 19 May 2017
This page created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|