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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
Lost to enemy action, 28 April 1944
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Echo - Alpha - Juliet
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive - 28 April 1944)
Bottom Row - American Campaign Medal - European-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal
LST-491 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 22 September 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Launched, 24 November 1943
Commissioned USS LST-531, 17 January 1944, LT. William D. Bradley, William D., USNR, in command
During World War II USS LST-531 was assigned to the European-Africa-Middle East Theater
Sunk by a German E-Boat torpedo attack off Slapton Sands, England, 28 April 1944, during Operation Tiger, the rehearsal for the Normandy invasion
Struck from the Naval Register, 9 June 1944
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||LST-531 launching, 24 November 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Photo from Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
||USS LST-531 commissioning, 17 January 1944, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co. photos, courtesy of LTJG. John H Hillís niece, Beverly Hughes
||Chart of Convoy T4, showing positions of LSTs and E-Boats off Slapton Sands England the night of 27-28 April 1944.
||Surviving Officers from USS LST-531 and USS LST-507. Ensign Alexander Brown, Far Left, Standing
(Deceased August, 1995) Also pictured, Ensign Douglas Harlander, LST-531, kneeling middle; and Dr. Eugene Eckstam, LST-507, far right,
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Bradley, William D., USNR||17 January 1944 - 1944|
|02||LTjg. Behrens, John W., USN||1944 - 28 April 1944|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
Exercise Tiger - The Quiet Sacrifice
Exercise Tiger - USS LST-531 Crew
Douglas Harlander Survivor Story - LST-531
LT. Tiffany Manning MD.
Historic England -American Landing Ships Involved in D-Day Rehearsals
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 9 July 2021
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|