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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

BB-20 USS VERMONT
1904 - 1909


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1910 - 1924


Connecticut Class Battleship: Displacement 16,000 Tons, Dimensions, 455' 10" (oa) x 76' 10" x 26' 9" (Max). Armament 4 x 12"/45 8 x 8"/45, 12 x 7"/45 20 x 3"/50, 4 21" tt. Armor, 9" Belt, 12" Turrets, 3" Decks, 9" Conning Tower. Machinery, 16,500 HP; 2 vertical, triple expansion engines, 2 screws. Speed, 18 Knots, Crew 881.

Operational and Building Data: Laid down by Fore River, Shipbuilding, Quincy, MA., May 4 1904. Launched August 31 1905. Commissioned March 4 1907. Decommissioned June 30 1920. Stricken November 10 1923.
Fate: Sold November 1 1923 and broken up for scrap.
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BB-20 Vermont2.20kBATTLE SHIP VERMONT (BB-20) WILL BE MOST POWERFUL OF OUR NAVY
The Vermont, from Design.
Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN.
Photo from The Cook County Herald. (Grand Marais, Minn.) 1893-1909, 15 August 1903, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-20 Vermont1.32kHOW A BATTLESHIP IS FIRST BUILT ON PAPER. Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA.
Photo from The Times Dispatch.The Times Dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, 23 August 1903, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 31, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-20 Vermont 581k The Vermont (BB-20) slides into the Fore River, at Quincy, MA., during her launching on 31 August 1905.
WAS WEDDED TO THE WATERS IN THE USUAL FORMAL WAY
Splendid Battleship Vermont Launched, Having Been Christened With Bottle of Champagne-Full Description of Monster Machine
Photo courtesy of greatwhitefleet.info, by William Stewart.
Image and text provided by University of New Mexico.
Photo & text by Albuquerque Evening Citizen. (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1905-1907, 31 August 1905, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-20 Vermont 716k The Magnificent New Battleship Vermont (BB-20) Slid into the Sea without a Mishap.
A CONNECTING NAVAL LINK
Last Living Officer of First Vermont at Birth of the New
Image and text provided by University of Vermont.
Photo & text by Burlington Weekly Free Press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, 07 September 1905, Image 12, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-20 Vermont2.08kUnited States Battleship Vermont (BB-20), Type of the New Navy Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo & text by Los Angeles Herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, 26 November 1905, Image 36, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-20 Vermont4.07kBIG COST OF MODERN NAVY
THE BATTLESHIP VERMONT (BB-20) NOW BEING BUILT.
Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA.
Photo & text by The San Juan Islander. (Friday Harbor, Wash.) 1898-1914, 06 January 1906, Image 7, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Connecticut Class104kModel of the name sake Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) and her five sisters:
Louisiana (BB-19),
Vermont (BB-20),
Kansas (BB-21),
Minnesota (BB-22),
New Hampshire (BB-25), as built, dated 23 March 1928.
Photo from National Archives & Record Administration (NARA), Record Group RG-19N, Box 33. Courtesy of Dan Treadwell.
Connecticut Class577kSecretary of the Navy (SECNAV) the Honorable Dr. Donald C. Winter takes a tour of a "Great White Fleet" exhibition at Grand Central Station on 11 October 2008. The exhibit commemorates the 100th anniversary of the Great White Fleet which includes models of battleships, artifacts and memorabilia from Sailors aboard the ships and photo displays that tell the of the historical naval mission.
Pictured is a model of the name sake Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) and her five sisters:
Louisiana (BB-19),
Vermont (BB-20),
Kansas (BB-21),
Minnesota (BB-22) &
New Hampshire (BB-25).
US Navy photo # N-5549O-006 by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Kevin S. O'Brien, courtesy of navy.news.mil.
BB-18 Connecticut111Stereoscopic color print of the Connecticut (BB-18) with the battleships Louisiana (BB-19) on her starboard side and the Vermont (BB-20) on her port, during the Naval Review at Oyster Bay, summer 1906. [Unless there was a mistake on the date].Courtesy of Paul Petosky.
United States fleet 1.86k SIX YOUNG NAVY CAPTAINS GIVEN SIX NEW WAR VESSELS
CAPT W. P. POTTER Queen of the New Battleships, the Vermont (BB-20), Will Be Under His Care
CAPT HENRY McCREA, Former Lighthouse Inspector of Baltimore District is to Command Iowa (BB-4).
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 10 December 1906, Last Edition, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-20 Vermont 371k Broadside photo of Vermont (BB-20). Photo # 80G-433635 from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.
Photo added 04/15/14.
BB-10 Maine412kA circa 1900's postcard photo of the Vermont (BB-20) drawn by Edward H. Mitchell Publishers of San Francisco, CA.Photo from the collection of Raymond Strout, courtesy of Jonathan Eno.
BB-20 Vermont 73k Photographed on 20 August 1907. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photo # 19-N-12828 from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.
BB-20 Vermont 53k Photographed on 20 August 1907. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 19-N-4-16-13 from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.
Great White Fleet112kChart from a contemporary newspaper, showing the route to be taken by the Atlantic Fleet's battleships and their associated Torpedo Flotilla, from their December 1907 departure from Hampton Roads, Virginia, until their planned arrival at San Francisco, California, in the spring of 1908. Text below the chart indicates that it was published in mid-December 1907.U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 106219. Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, Washington, D.C. Collection of Rear Admiral Harold M. Bemis.
Great White Fleet 345k The "Great White Fleet" steaming in column, probably while departing Hampton Roads, Virginia, at the start of their cruise around the World, December 1907. Kansas (BB-21) is at left, followed by Vermont (BB-20). USN photo # N-0000X-001 courtesy of navy.mil. Photographed by C.E. Waterman, Hampton, Va.
BB-20 Vermont 73k Underway in heavy seas, circa 1907-1909, possibly during the cruise around the World of the "Great White Fleet". U.S. Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 101072.
BB-18 Connecticut99kCommanding officers of most of the fleet's ships, photographed in 1908. Those present include (Seated, left to right): Captain Hugo Osterhaus, of Connecticut (BB-18); Captain Kossuth Niles, of Louisiana (BB-19); Captain William P. Potter, of Vermont (BB-20); Captain John Hubbard, of Minnesota (BB-22); Captain Joseph B. Murdock, of Rhode Island (BB-17); Captain Charles E. Vreeland, of Kansas (BB-21).
Standing, left to right): Captain Hamilton Hutchins, of Kearsarge (BB-5); Captain Frank E. Beatty, of Wisconsin (BB-9); Captain Reginald F. Nicholson, of Nebraska (BB-14); Captain Thomas B. Howard, of Ohio (BB-12); Captain William H.H. Southerland, of New Jersey (BB-16); Captain Walter C. Cowles, of Kentucky (BB-6); Captain John M. Bowyer, of Illinois (BB-7); Captain Alexander Sharp, of Virginia (BB-13); Lieutenant Commander Charles B. McVay, of Yankton.
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 59552.
Great White Fleet112k Chart from a contemporary newspaper, showing the route of the Atlantic Fleet's battleships from their 29 January 1907 departure from Trinidad until their arrival at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 12 January 1908. It emphasizes the offshore course taken to avoid strong westerly currents off the northeastern coast of South America.U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 106221. Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, Washington, D.C. Collection of Rear Admiral Harold M. Bemis.
Straits of Magellan290k The "Great White Fleet" in the Straits of Magellan, 1908, from a painting by Henry Reuterdahl.Photograph courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Great White Fleet129kChart from a contemporary newspaper, showing the movements of the Atlantic Fleet's battleships from their 8 February 1908 passage of the western part of the Straits of Magellan until their arrival at Callao, Peru, on 20 February 1908.U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 106227b. Courtesy of the Naval Historical Foundation, Washington, D.C. Collection of Rear Admiral Harold M. Bemis.
BB-18 Connecticut185kThe Connecticut (BB-18) leading the other fifteen warships of the "Great White Fleet" into Magdalena Bay, Mexico on 12 March 1908 to take on coal and hold long-delayed target practice.U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH-59537, courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
PDF Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo & text by The San Francisco Call.(San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 29 March 1908, Image 5, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-20 Vermont 121k Post card published by H.H. Stratton, Chattanooga, Tennessee, depicting some of the Fleet's Sailors landing at San Diego, California, on 14 April 1908. This was the Atlantic Fleet battleship's first contact with American soil since leaving Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 16 December 1907 to begin its voyage around South America. The boat partially visible at left has a "V" on its bow, and is presumably from Vermont (BB-20). US Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 106169-KN. Donation of Mrs. Ruth Mayfield, 1973.
Fleet at Long Beach 507k The fleet at San Diego, Calif., 5, May 1908.
What looks like two Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) battleships to the left; a Virginia class (BB-13 / 17) battleship in the center with what might be three other Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) battleships in the immediate distance; two Illinois class (BB-7 / 9) battleships are on the right corner, behind them are the two Kearsarge class (BB-5 / 6) battleships and a Virginia class (BB-13 / 17) or Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) battleship in the right corner of the photo.
Library of Congress photo # pan 6a33626,by W. D. Lambert; submitted by Tom Kermen.
BB-5 Kearsarge 573k Atlantic Fleet entering Golden Gate 6th May 1908. Library of Congress photo # pan 6a33669, from the Panoramic View Co., Chas. Z. Bailey, Mgr., Los Angeles, Cal. & submitted by Tom Kermen.
BB-18 Connecticut139kThe Connecticut (BB-18) leading the "Great White Fleet" into San Francisco Bay on 6 May 1908. The original photo was taken by C.E. Waterman. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH-59537, courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Naval Review in San Francisco Bay, 17 May 1908 155k Panoramic photograph by the Pillsbury Picture Company showing the review of the "Great White Fleet" on 17 May 1908 by Secretary of the Navy Victor A. Metcalf, embarked in Yorktown (PG-1), which is steaming toward the left in the right center of the image. Three destroyers are in the line nearest to the camera (from left to center), with either Hopkins (DD-6) or Hull (DD-7) in the center and Lawrence (DD-8) next astern. Eleven battleships are present, in the rows on the opposite side of Yorktown's course, and seven Pacific Fleet armored cruisers are in the most distant row. Photo # NH 105310, from the collections of the U.S. Naval Historical Center.
Great White Fleet 104k Post card welcoming the "Great White Fleet" to Australia, circa August-September 1908. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 106181-KN. Courtesy of Mrs. Ruth Mayfield, 1973.
BB-20 Vermont 189k The Fleet's naval brigade landing at Port Melbourne Town Pier, Australia, on 31 August 1908, prior to marching to the city of Melbourne. The steam launch and other boats in the foreground are from Vermont (BB-20). The Sailors, also presumably from Vermont, are armed with Krag-Jorgensen rifles and are equipped with cartridge belts, canteens and bayonets. Large ship in the right distance is HMS Powerful (British protected cruiser, 1897). US Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 106190. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.
BB-20 Vermont 47k World Cruise of the "Great White Fleet", 1907-09. Port side bow view of the Vermont (BB-20) in Sydney Harbor, Australia, in late August 1908. Photo printed on a stereographic card, copyrighted by Underwood & Underwood, and submitted by Warren McLean.
GWF901kTHE ATLANTIC FLEET OF THE UNITED STATES NAVY
From Official Bulletin of Bureau of Navigation showing the Vessels off the Port of Callao practicing the Gridiron maneuver. This is considered by Naval authorities to be the most dangerous evolution in steam tactics and its improper execution caused the loss of HMS Victoria with 798 men in 1893.
Picture faithfully represents the entire Fleet in official formation and vessels can be identified by numbers corresponding to table appended:
First Divison
1. Connecticut (BB-18), Flagship, 2. Kansas (BB-21), 3. Vermont (BB-20), 4. Louisiana (BB-19),
Second Division
5. Georgia (BB-15), Flagship, 6. New Jersey (BB-16), 7. Rhode Island (BB-17), 8. Virginia (BB-13),
18 Torpedo Flotilla
Whipple (DD-15), Truxtun (DD-14), Lawrence (DD-8), Stewart (DD-13), Hopkins (DD-6) & Hull (DD-7)
Third Division
9. Minnesota (BB-22), Flagship, 10. Ohio (BB-12), 11. Missouri (BB-11), 12. Maine (BB-10)
17. Yankton {Special Dispatch Tender}
Fourth Division
13. Alabama (BB-8), Flagship 14. Illinois (BB-7), 15. Kearsarge (BB-5), 16. Kentucky (BB-6)
19. Auxiliaries
Glacier, [refrigerating ship], Panther,[repair ship], Culgea, [storeship] & Arethusa,[torpedo flotilla tender].
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by The National Tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, 24 September 1908, Image 3, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Great White Fleet 100k Postcard published in Japan to commemorate the U.S. Atlantic Fleet's visit there in October 1908. This card features pictures of the Fleet's sixteen battleships, plus images of three Japanese ladies, plus flags and symbols of the United States and Japan. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 106114-KN. Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold.
Charles S. Sperry127kPost card published by H.H. Stratton, Chattanooga, Tennessee, showing Rear Admiral Charles S. Sperry, the fleet's Commander in Chief (center foreground), and some of its Sailors watching a Geisha performance at Yokohama, Japan, October 1908. Several Japanese Navy officers and enlisted men are also present. US Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 106178-KN. Donation of Mrs. Ruth Mayfield, 1973.
Great White Fleet 106k Postcard published in Japan to commemorate the U.S. Atlantic Fleet's visit there in October 1908. This embossed card features a broadside view of a Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) battleship and the message "Welcome American Fleet". U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 106121-KN. Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold.
BB-20 Vermont 477k Captain William P. Potter commanded the Vermont (BB-20). Overall commander was Rear Admiral Charles S. Sperry.Digital ID: # ggbain 03560. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
Photo & text by The Marion Daily Mirror.(Marion, Ohio) 1892-1912, 29 December 1908, Image 6, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Connecticut class 109k One of the Fleet's Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) battleships at Villefranche, France in 1909. US Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 106137. Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold.
Atlantic Fleet Commanders 92k Halftone reproduction of a photograph by H.R. Jackson, showing the Fleet's senior commanders on board ship, circa late 1908 or early 1909, during or shortly after the "Great White Fleet's" World cruise. Those present are, from left to right:
Rear Admiral William P. Potter, Commander, Fourth Division;
Rear Admiral Seaton Schroeder, Commander, Third Division;
Rear Admiral Charles S. Sperry, Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and First Division;
Rear Admiral Richard Wainwright, Commander, Second Division.
US Naval Historical Center Photo # NH 106140. Copied from "Pictorial Log of the Battle Fleet Cruise Around the World", by Chief Turret Captain Roman J. Miller (A.C. McClurg & Co., Chicago, Illinois, 1909).Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold.
BB-20 Vermont 73k Receiving her new "cage" masts and other alterations, probably at the Boston Navy Yard, circa March-June 1909. Photograph # 19-N-4-16-18 from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives / U.S. Naval Historical Center.
BB-20 Vermont 73k Photographed by Brown & Shaffer, during the last half of 1909. Collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 101502.
BB-12 & 202.39kTWO OF THE UNITED STATES BATTLESHIPS WHICH LEFT THE NORTH RIVER YESTERDAY.
VERMONT (BB-20) & OHIO (BB-12).
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo by Paul Thompson.
Photo from the New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 06 October 1909, Image 5, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
 Hudson-Fulton Celebration 93k Battleships anchored in the Hudson River, off 145th Street, New York City, during the Hudson-Fulton Celebration, 25 September - 9 October 1909. Photograph by Thaddeus Wilkerson, 522 W. 145th St., New York, reproduced on a postal card. Ships present are (from left to right):
Louisiana (BB-19);
Idaho (BB-24);
Kansas (BB-21);
Vermont (BB-20) &
Connecticut (BB-18).
Identification on the first two listed is certain. That on the last three is probable.
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 91471, Courtesy of Jack Howland, 1980.
BB-20 Vermont 100k From November 1908 to March 1910, Admiral Frank F. Fletcher commanded the battleship Vermont (BB-20). Digital ID: ggbain 03560. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division & submitted by Bill Gonyo.

Additional Vermont Images
4 General Views Of Vermont From The Library Of Congress Server.

USS VERMONT BB-20 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Crew Contact And Reunion Information
Not Applicable To This Ship
Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.
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