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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

BB-23 USS MISSISSIPPI
Keel Laying - U.S. Service
1904 - 1914


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Transfer to Greece


Mississippi Class Battleship: Displacement 13,000 Tons, Dimensions, 382'4" (oa) x 77' x 27' (Max)Armament 4 x 12"/45 8 x 8"/45, 8 x 7"/45 12 x 3"/50, 2 21" tt. Armor, 9" Belt, 12" Turrets, 3" Decks, 9" Conning Tower. Machinery, 10,000 HP; 2 vertical, triple expansion engines, 2 screws. Speed, 17 Knots, Crew 744.

Operational and Building Data: Laid down by Cramp, Shipbuilding, Philadelphia, PA., May 12, 1904. Launched September 30, 1905. Commissioned February 1, 1908. Decommissioned July 21, 1914. Stricken July 21, 1914.
Fate: Sold to Greece, July 21, 1914 & renamed Kilkis. Sunk by German bombers while moored in Salamis near Athens on April 10, 1941.
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BB-23 Mississippi 572k Either the Mississippi (BB-23) or the Idaho (BB-24) under construction at the Cramp shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, circa 1905 prior to launching. Photo # 4a12644v from lcweb2.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 903k Either the Mississippi (BB-23) or the Idaho (BB-24) under construction at the Cramp shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, circa 1905 prior to launching. Photo # 4a17683v from lcweb2.loc.gov.
Idaho 3.57k Uncle Sam's New Engines of War.
Battleships Idaho (BB-24) & Mississippi (BB-23) now building. Most formidable of their size in the world.
Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN.
Photo from The Saint Paul Globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, 05, March 1905, Image 10, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 669k Mississippi (BB-23) under construction at the Cramp Shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Photo is taken before the September, 1905 launching. Photo Source: Library of Congress, Photo No. LC-D4-33910, courtesy of Mike Green.
Photo added 12/24/13.
Mississippi 2.49k The powerful battleship Mississippi (BB-23) and her pretty sponsor. Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photos from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 24 September 1905, Image 56, & the The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 30 September 1905, Last City Edition, Image 5 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 2.80k THE BATTLESHIP MISSISSIPPI (BB-23) LAUNCHED TODAY, AS SHE-WILL LOOK COMPLETED
NEW BATTLESHIP TO TAKE TO SEA
The Mississippi, Peerless Battleship,Will Be Launched—Excels Others
Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN.
Photo from The Minneapolis Journal. 1888-1939, 30 September 1905, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 46k The Mississippi (BB-23) slides down the launching ramps at the Cramp Shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 30 September 1905. Photo courtesy of greatwhitefleet.info, by William Stewart.
BB-23 Mississippi 1.33k NEW BATTLESHIP MISSISSIPPI (BB-23) Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo from Deseret Evening News. (Great Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1867-1920, 14 October 1905, Last Edition, Part Two, Image 13, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 112k Mississippi (BB-23) fitting out at the Cramp shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1907. Note: Ship's name on stern; & the primer paint on hull seams and incomplete after turret top armor plate and access hatches Text courtesy of Don Wagner.
USNHC # 19-N-8-18-14.
BB-23 Mississippi 1.97k HEROES DESCENDANTS CHOSEN TO COMMAND COVETED BATTLESHIPS
Winslow and Fremont Named for Mississippi (BB-23) and New Hampshire (BB-25)
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times.(Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 25 October 1907, Last Edition, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-Mississippi  & Idaho 82k Idaho (BB-24) and Mississippi (BB-23) fitting out at the Cramp shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, circa late 1907 or early 1908. Mississippi, commissioned in February 1908, is presumably the more complete ship, in the center of the photograph. USNHC # NH 86366, courtesy of Ted Stone, 1977.
BB-24 Idaho 337k Mississippi (BB-23) & Idaho (BB-24) at the Cramp shipyard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 12 September 1908.Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Photo added 04/10/12.
BB-23 Mississippi 107k View on the after-deck, looking forward, 1908. Note: 12"/45 gun turret; after bridges with stump mainmast, searchlights and 3-pounder guns; winches, hatches and hose reel on the main deck. Photographed by Enrique Muller Photograph # 19-N-60-10-12, from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.
BB-23 Mississippi 51k Mississippi (BB-23) as completed, line drawing by A.D. Baker III. Photo and text courtesy of U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.
BB-23 Mississippi 72k 1908 photo, as completed with military masts. USN photo.
BB-23 Mississippi 137k Mississippi (BB-23) dressed with flags, off Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during Founders' Week, 1908. Note motor launch off the starboard quarter, with Mississippi's name painted on its stern, and the ship's name in large letters atop the after superstructure. USNHC # NH 46041.
BB-23 Mississippi 117k View on the foredeck, looking aft, with the forward 12"/45 gun turret trained to starboard, 1908. Note: anchor chain and capstans; hatches; bridge structure with ship's bell attached below its forward end. USNHC # 19-N-60-10-14 photographed by Enrique Muller.
BB-23 Mississippi 111k View looking forward from the ship's port bridge wing, 1908. Note the 12"/45 gun turret with grating hatches open; also winch and capstans, with decorated tops on the latter. An old fortification is in the left distance.
The photograph was taken off Goat Island in the East Passage of Rhode Island's Narraganset Bay. The "old fortification" seen in the distance is Fort Adams. During the early 1900's, the fleet customarily anchored in an area lying from the cove to the left of Fort Adams, to Goat Island and over to downtown Newport's waterfront.
Photo i.d. courtesy of Dave Fiske, ONI Liaison to Center for Naval Analysis.
USNHC # NH 46043 photographed by Enrique Muller.
BB-23 Mississippi 580k The ship departed Cuban waters 1 May for a cruise up the river which shared her name, the mighty Mississippi. Calling at the major ports of this great inland waterway, she arrived at Natchez 20 May, and then proceeded 5 days later to Horn Island where she received a silver service from the state of Mississippi.
BATTLESHIP MISSISSIPPI (BB-23), THE FIRST MODERN WAR VESSEL TO NAVIGATE THE FATHER OF WATERS.
Text courtesy of DANFS.
Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
Photo from The Marion Daily Mirror. (Marion, Ohio) 1892-1912, 11 May 1909, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 871k BREAKS SPEED RECORD BATTLESHIP
Mississippi (BB-23) D0ES 207 MILES IN 14 HOURS.
On the Way to Horn Island, Where Presentation of Silver Service Will Be Made.
Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Photo from The Hickman Courier. (Hickman, Ky.) 1859-current, 03 June 1909, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 1.02k Range Finding Tower on Battleship Mississippi (BB-23). Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA.
Photo from The True Democrat. (Bayou Sara [La.]) 1892-1928, 22 May 1909, Image 7, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 871k The Huge Battleship Visits Bayou Sara Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA.
Photo from The True Democrat. (Bayou Sara [La.]) 1892-1928, 22 May 1909, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 2.23k BATTLESHIP MISSISSIPPI (BB-23) AT ANCHOR OFF THE NAVY YARD Image and text provided by University of Florida.
Photo from the The Pensacola Journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, 29 May 1909, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 78k Mississippi (BB-23) underway, circa 1909, soon after she received a "cage" mainmast. Note that she is still fitted with a bow decoration. USNHC # NH 61241.
BB-23 Mississippi 41k Mississippi (BB-23) probably while anchored in the Hudson River, off 145th Street, New York City, during the Hudson-Fulton Celebration, 25 September - 9 October 1909. Photo # 4a16081r courtesy of the Library of Congress.
BB-23 Mississippi 66k Ice in the harbor with the Mississippi (BB-23) between 1908 & 1910. USN photo courtesy of Darryl L. Baker.
BB-23 Mississippi 61k Mississippi (BB-23) at anchor with another ship in port, possibly after 10 February, sailing that day to join the "Great White Fleet" as it returned from its famous world cruise. Photographed by Brown & Shaffer, 1909. USNHC # NH 101498, collection of Chief Quartermaster John Harold. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
BB-23 Mississippi 218k Capt. William Freeland Fullam was the commanding officer of the battleship Mississippi (BB-23) from 1909 to 1910. Photo courtesy of the United States Naval Academy & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
BB-23 Mississippi 32k "Photograph of a postcard of Mississippi (BB-23) near Horn Island in June 1909 with a cage mast aft and a military mast forward. Also pictured postcard is Governor Edmund F. Noel of Mississippi and the commanding officer of the battleship, Captain John C. Freemont, USN. Text courtesy of Don Wagner.
Photo courtesy of Mississippi Department of Archives and History via Don Wagner.
BB-23 Mississippi 78k At Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1910, shortly after she was fitted with a a "cage" foremast. USNHC # NH 77099 photographed by J.W. Dawson.
BB-23 Mississippi 27k Mississippi (BB-23) circa 1910, shortly after she was fitted with a "cage" foremast. Courtesy of Joe Radigan.
BB-23 Mississippi 43k Mississippi (BB-23) class after modification with cage masts. Photo and text courtesy of globalsecurity.org.
Guantanamo Bay 127k Guantanamo Bay, Cuba Second Regiment of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet at Deer Point Camp, Guantanamo Bay, 13 February 1910. These men are from the battleships Minnesota (BB-22), New Hampshire (BB-25), Mississippi (BB-23) and Idaho (BB-24). The latter's battalion is in the center of the photograph.
Ships in the harbor are mainly battleships, with some auxiliaries and cruisers also present. Newark (C-1), Station Ship at Guantanamo Bay, is in the center background, with a white hull.
USNHC # NH 105511. Donation of Truman C. Lane, 1990. Panoramic photograph by American Photo Company, Havana, Cuba.
BB-23 Mississippi 115k Mississippi (BB-23) between 1910 & 1914. Photo from U.S. Warships of World War One, by P.H. Silverstone & submitted by Robert Hurst.
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba62kPanoramic image (made from two individual views), showing U.S. Atlantic Fleet battleships and auxiliaries in Guantanamo Bay, circa the early or middle 1910s.
Ships present include (in left half of image): four Virginia class (BB-13 / 17) battleships, one South Carolina class (BB-26 / 27) battleship, one Delaware class (BB-28 / 29) battleship, two unidentified auxiliaries and a collier; (in right half of image): all six Connecticut class (BB-18 / 22 & 25) battleships, both Mississippi class (BB-23 / 24) battleships, two unidentified auxiliaries, hospital ship Solace (AH-2) and a gunboat.
USNHC # NH 104537. Photo from the 1909-1924 album of Vice Admiral Olaf M. Hustvedt, USN (Retired). Courtesy of Rick Hauck, 2006.
BB-23 Mississippi 44k Photographed on 3 October 1911, probably off New York City. Photograph # 19-N-13607, from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives.
BB-23 Mississippi 65k Capt. William John Maxwell was the commanding officer of the battleship Mississippi (BB-23) in 1911. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress via Bill Gonyo.
BB-23 Mississippi 83k A litho-printed photograph of the Mississippi (BB-23) with cage masts is from my collection of Atlas Editions series of warship cards. Photograph WACKERBY-Books-and-Pics
U.S. Atlantic Fleet battleships71k U.S. Atlantic Fleet battleships steaming toward Mexican waters in 1914. Photograph copyrighted in 1914 by E. Muller, Jr., and Pach.
The following battleships that were dispatched to Mexican waters included the:
Ohio (BB-12), Virginia (BB-13), Nebraska (BB-14), Georgia (BB-15), New Jersey (BB-16), Rhode Island (BB-17), Connecticut (BB-18), Louisiana (BB-19), Vermont (BB-20), Kansas (BB-21), Minnesota (BB-22), Mississippi (BB-23), Idaho (BB-24), New Hampshire (BB-25), South Carolina (BB-26), Michigan (BB-27), Delaware (BB-28), North Dakota (BB-29), Florida (BB-30), Utah (BB-31), Wyoming (BB-32), Arkansas (BB-33), New York (BB-34) & Texas (BB-35).
In insets are (left to right):
Rear Admiral Henry T. Mayo,
Rear Admiral Frank F. Fletcher,
Rear Admiral Charles J. Badger.
USNHC # NH 60322.
BB-23 Mississippi 121k Reactivated from the Atlantic Reserve Fleet on 30 December 1913, Mississippi (BB-23), with then Lieutenant Commander Mustin in command, was orderd to proceed in company with the reactivated Orion (AC-11) to Annapolis and Norfolk to embark newly trained navy pilots, enlisted mechanics, aircraft and hanger equipment. After loading, the two vessels proceeded in company to the former site of the old and dilapidated Pensacola Navy Yard (1826-1911) and establish a new Naval Aeronautical Station. Prior to the two ships arrival in Pensacola Bay on 20 January 1914, LCDR Mustin was officially designated as the Navy's Air Pilot #3 - thus, Mississippi was under command of a qualified Naval Aviator. While in Pensacola Bay, Mississippi was designated as the Aeronautical Station Ship, Pensacola and retain that designation until she was duly relieved as the station ship by North Carolina (ACR-12) later in the year. While in Pensacola Bay, LCDR Mustin also wore the hat as the first Commandant, Naval Aeronautical Station, Pensacola (January 1914 - January 1916) which is the present day "Cradle of Naval Aviation" - Naval Air Training Center Pensacola, Florida. Text courtesy of Don Wagner.
Photo courtesy of State Archives of Florida - #RC18993.
BB-23 Mississippi 112k "With orders to embark "one aeroplane section" from the Naval Aeronautical Station, and with LCDR Mustin in command of Mississippi (BB-23), she sailed from Pensacola Bay on 21 April 1914 for Vera Cruz, Mexico for scouting and observation duties in support of the U. S. forces responding to the crisis. USS Birmingham (CL-2), with a similar complement of aircraft embarked, simultaneously sailed from Pensacola Bay for assignment in and around the port of Tampico, Mexico.
Shown on Mississippi's port side main deck is a Curtiss "Flying Boat" (designated and numbered AB-3). Secured to the top of the after 12"/.45 caliber twin turret, is the second aircraft of the "section" - a Curtiss pontoon type "Hydroaeroplane"(designated and numbered AH-3).
Note the jerry-rigged boat boom attached to the bulkhead and supported by lines to the "cage mast" (also referred to as a "fighting tower" or "basket mast") for the handling of aircraft to and from the water."
Text courtesy of Don Wagner.
Official U.S. Navy Photograph, # 80-G-461428, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-23 Mississippi 929k Aeroplane Fleet Now at Vera Cruz
The battleship Mississippi (BB-23) with a full complement of aeroplanes and equipment, steamed into Vera Cruz harbor this morning, and before nightfall the American aeroplane corps will be given their first experience in real war: The warship which brought the corps from Key West has joined Rear Admiral Badger's fleet. The military aviators are ready to take up their air scouting, and are but awaiting orders.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 24 April 1914, HOME EDITION, Image 2, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 68k "Mississippi's (BB-23) assigned Flying Boat AB-3 on the temporary boom. Some of the ship's boats had been removed to allow space for aircraft handling, stowage and maintenance prior to departure from Pensacola's Naval Aeronautical Station for her Vera Cruz mission that lasted from 24 April - 12 May 1914." Text courtesy of Don Wagner.
Photo from the University of San Diego History Department & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
BB-23 Mississippi 458k Aerial view of the Mississippi (BB-23) circa 1914. US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 2008.104.001, courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-23 Mississippi 427k Bow on view of the Mississippi (BB-23), in 1914, serving as a a station ship at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. She has boilers lit and is belching smoke. A Curtiss Flying Boat can be seen flying overhead. US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 2008.104001.006, courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-23 Mississippi 101k A US Navy Hanriot HD.2 taking off from the Mississippi (BB-23) after conversion from the standard float-plane form as first supplied. Photo courtesy of Chris Hoehn.
BB-23 Mississippi 776k With the Mississippi (BB-23) moored in the background, a shore crane at Naval Aeronautical Air Station Pensacola, Florida, hoists an Curtiss A-2 pusher aircraft out of the water after a crash circa 1914. US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 2008.104.001.013. courtesy of Mike Green.
BB-23 Mississippi 610k With the Mississippi (BB-23) and an unidentified monitor, either Arkansas (M-7), Connecticut (M-8) or Florida (M-9) moored in the background, an early Curtiss flying boat overflies the ships at Naval Air Station Pensacola circa 1914. US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 2008.104.001.012. courtesy of Mike Green.
Idaho 856k LITTLE OBJECTION TO SALE FOR BIG PRICE OF TWO OBSOLETE BATTLESHIPS.
Forward deck of Mississippi (BB-23).
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo from The Ogden Standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, 20 June 1914, 4 P.M. City Edition, Image 4, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 837k WILSON APPROVES SALE TO GREECE OF TWO BATTLESHIPS
GREEKS ASSURED HIM NO WAR IS CONTEMPLATED
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times.(Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 22 June 1914, HOME EDITION, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 757k United States Navy Flying Boats at Sea Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 05 July 1914, Image 40, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 72k Naval Aviation Chief
Captain W. A. Moffett is the new director of naval aviation for the U. S. navy. Because of the steadily increasing importance of aviation in ihe navy, this is one of the biggest posts in the service. Moffett was formerly comuandant of the Great Lakes naval training station and later commander of the battleship Mississippi (BB-23).
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo from the The Ogden Standard.(Ogden, Utah) 1920-current, 16 January 1921, LAST EDITION, SECOND SECTION, Image 18, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-23 Mississippi 1.00k GREECE PAYS FOR TWO U.S. BATTLESHIPS
Secretary Daniels Receiving $12,535,275 check for the Idaho (BB-24) and the Mississippi (BB-23).
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 10 July 1914, Image 4, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.

Additional Mississippi Images
2 General Views Of Mississippi From The Library Of Congress Server.

USS MISSISSIPPI BB-23 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Crew Contact And Reunion Information
Not Applicable To This Ship
Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.
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