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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

BB-35 USS TEXAS
1911 - 1915

Radio Call Sign: November - Alpha - Delta - Victor

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1916 - 1919
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New York Class Battleship: Displacement 27,000 Tons, Dimensions, 573' (oa) x 95' 3" x 29' 7" (Max). Armament 10x 14"/45 21 x 5"/51, 56 x 4 x 21" tt. Armor, 12" Belt, 14" Turrets, 3" Decks, 12" Conning Tower. Machinery, 28,100 IHP; Vertical, triple expansion engines, 2 screws. Speed, 21 Knots, Crew 1052.

Operational and Building Data: Laid down by Newport News, Shipbuilding, Newport News, VA., April 17, 1911. Launched May 18, 1912. Commissioned March 12, 1914. Decommissioned April 21, 1948. Stricken April 21, 1948.
Fate: Preserved as a memorial, San Jacinto Battlefield, 3523 Highway 134, La Porte TX, 77571.Texas.
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SizeImage DescriptionContributed
By And/Or Copyright
BB-35 Texas77k 1 July 1911 photo of the Texas (BB-35) being built. Sub-assemblies and machinery area bulkheads are in place.U.S. Navy Photograph, contributed by Mike Green, courtesy of Leeward Publications.
BB-35 Texas57kLooking forward from the stern, this 2 October 1911 photo shows the angled framing of the tiller room. U.S. Navy Photograph, contributed by Mike Green, courtesy of Leeward Publications.
BB-35 Texas69k 12 January 1912 photo of Texas (BB-35) being built. This photo shows the second deck around #4 and #5 barbettes. The tiller room at the bottom edge of the photo has been completely plated over. U.S. Navy Photograph, contributed by Mike Green, courtesy of Leeward Publications.
BB-35 Texas89k Texas (BB-35) on 2 April 1912 almost hidden by scaffolding. The ramp at the left is used by mules hauling material to the main deck. U.S. Navy Photograph, contributed by Mike Green, courtesy of Leeward Publications.
BB-35 Texas 4.88k Ranchman's Daughter To Christen Warship.Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo & text by The San Francisco Call.(San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 29 April 1912, Image 9, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 2.00k BATTLESHIP TEXAS (BB-35) READY TO TAKE TO THE WATER AT NEWPORT NEWS YARDSImage and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Photo by Bismarck Daily Tribune. (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916, 20 May 1912, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas117kMiss Claudia Lyon, sponsor of the Texas (BB-35), holding her bouquet.Digital ID # ggbain 10500, LC-B2-2411-8. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection.
BB-35 Texas483kLaunch of Texas (BB-35), Sec. of Navy Meyer and Claudia Lyon. Digital ID # ggbain 10503, LC-B2-2411-12. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection.
BB-35 Texas341k Texas (BB-35) afloat after launch. Photo courtesy of old-picture.com.
Photo added 09/03/13.
BB-35 Texas 970k World's Greatest Battleship Launched at Newport News.Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA & University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR.
Photo from The Times Dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, 19 May 1912, Image 36, & Medford Mail Tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989, 24 May 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 1 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 885k First Pictures of Launching of Dreadnaught Texas (BB-35)
First Row, Left to 'Right: The Misses Garland Bonner, Mary Colquitt, Claudia Lyon, Ura Link, and Mae Tuny. Second Row, Left to Right Mrs. 0. B. Colquitt, Col. B. F. Bonner, and Mrs.B. F. Bonner.
The Times Herewith Prints the First Pictures of the Launching of the Battleship Texas at Newport News Yesterday. This Vessel Is the Largest Dreadnaught of the United States Navy. She Was Christened By Miss Claudia Lyon, Daughter of Cecil Lyon, of Sherman, Texas.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 19 May 1912, Sunday Evening EDITION, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas149kA workman dangles from the bow of the Texas (BB-35) just above the sponsor's platform for the launching of the battleship sometime shortly before 18 May 1912.Digital ID # ggbain 10418, LC-B2-2401-3. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection, courtesy of Tom Kermen.
BB-35 Texas12.57kThe Texas (BB-35) slides down the launching ways on 18 May 1912.Digital ID # ggbain 10502, LC-B2-2411-11. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection, courtesy of Tom Kermen.
BB-35 Texas66k Texas (BB-35) on 2 October 1912 being fitted out. A floating derrick is being used to install deck equipment. U.S. Navy Photograph, contributed by Mike Green, courtesy of Leeward Publications.
BB-35 Texas84k Making 15.151 knots during the 9th run of her standardization trials, 23 October 1913. Note incomplete status of her hull paint forward and unfinished mainmast.Official U.S. Navy Photograph,USNHC # NH 61713, now in the collections of the National Archives.
BB-35 Texas747kTexas (BB-35) standardization trial, 27 October 1913; Run # 24, Speed 21.792 knots. US National Archives photo # 80G-1035094 from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert, Webmaster & Editor ModelWarships.com
BB-35 Texas 585k TEXAS (BB-35) WORLD'S GREATEST BATTLESHIP, READY FOR SERVICE IN MEXICO
Texas underway under a cloud of coal burning smoke prior to the March 1914 commissioning. The two-level searchlights are not present on the masts but they were at commissioning. Also the construction markings are still visible on the side of the hull.
USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Text courtesy of Chuck Moore.
PDF Image and text provided by University of Oregon, Knight Library; Eugene, OR.
Photo & text by Medford Mail Tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989, 04 November 1913, SECOND EDITION, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 656k THE BATTLESHIP TEXAS (BB-35), NAVY'S PRIDE IN A TRIAL RUN OFF THE MAINE COAST
The new battleship Texas is the most powerful vessel in Uncle Sam's navy, and she is the largest. During her test runs off the Maine coast she attained the high speed rate of 22 knots. There is no doubt that the Texas is one of the most formidable fighting craft afloat today. Her bite is much worse than her bark.
Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
Photo from The Democratic Banner. (Mt. Vernon, Ohio) 1898-192?, 14 November 1913, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas44k Port bow view of Texas (BB-35) on 3 January 1914 showing forward turrets and 5" casemate guns. U.S. Navy Photograph, contributed by Mike Green, courtesy of Leeward Publications.
BB-35 Texas37k Port stern quarter view of Texas (BB-35) on 3 January 1914. The three aft turrets are visible as well as the stern mounted 5" gun. U.S. Navy Photograph, contributed by Mike Green, courtesy of Leeward Publications.
BB-35 Texas94kTexas (BB-35) sometime after the October 1913 sea trials and before being commissioned on 12 March 1914. The searchlights were not present during the October 1913 sea trials but they are present in the 12 March 1914 commissioning photo. USN photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri. Partial text and photo i.d. courtesy of Chuck Moore.
BB-35 Texas76kOil on canvas painting by the artist J.Lau entitled "Texas, circa pre WW I." Size in cm: 39 x 56, for sale, contact Asmund Agdestein.
The painting depicts an American battleship (cage masts) with two curved roofed turrets in the No. 1 and No. 2 positions which were used only for the 14" gun turrets of the New York class (BB-34/5), Oklahoma (BB-36/7) and Pennsylvania (BB-38/9) classes. Oklahoma class would have a 3-gun turret in the No. 1 position while the Pennsylvania class would have 3 guns in each turret. The painting seems to show only 2 guns per turret; this leave us with the New York class: New York & Texas.
It is a pre-WWI view. No evidence of a flying-off platform anywhere, and none of the wartime superstructure additions are present. If the stack bands are really on the second funnel (they look like they might have been crudely added to the photo after it was taken), the date would be about 1914.
I would say with 95% certainty that the painting depicts the Texas. The smoke from the funnels obscures much detail of the mast structure but I can make out what should be to searchlights on the foremast mounted one above the other. This arrangement would mean the Texas. The New York carried her search lights on a single platform mounted side by side on both mast which in this painting would be visible projecting from the sides of the masts at about the same level as the 3" guns mentioned above.
Text i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn & Chuck Haberlein. Photo courtesy of Asmund Agdestein.
BB-35 Texas250kTexas (BB-35) on 24 March 1914 with an unknown battleship moored alongside and the cage masts of another looming over the foreground.
The “turtle-back” style of turret is particular to the New York, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania classes and of these only the New York class have 2 funnels. Ergo if Texas is in the foreground it must be New York (BB-34) on the other side. In pre-war photos the easy telltale for distinguishing between these two sisters is the searchlights mounted on the masts; Texas carries them one above the other and New York carries them on a single level. This arrangement changes on Texas immediately after the war.
Digital ID # ggbain 16025v, LC-B2-3055-13. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection. Text i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn.
BB-35 Texas227kWith her commissioning flag slightly bowed, the Texas (BB-35) is moored dockside on 24 March 1914. Note the trolley tracks alongside for the movement of cranes and the boarding ladder dockside. Digital ID # ggbain 16026v, LC-B2-3055-14. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, from the George Grantham Bain Collection.
BB-35 Texas 1.08k BATTLESHIP TEXAS (BB-35) GOING UNDER MANHATTAN BRIDGE.
Newest Sea Fighter at Navy Yard for Finishing Touches.
YEOMAN LEAVING WITH THE BATTLESHIPS MASCOTS
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 28 March 1914, Image 20, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Insert photo # LC-B2-3055-12 & text from George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress) via flickr.com.
BB-35 Texas136kCapt. Albert Weston Grant commanded the battleship Texas (BB-35) from March 1914 to September 1915. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress & submitted by Bill Gonyo.
BB-35 Texas 980k BOY SCOUTS RAID NAVY YARD, CAPTURE BATTLESHIP TEXAS (BB-35) . Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 07 April 1914, Image 6, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-34 New York727kBATTLESHIPS TEXAS (BB-35) AND NEW YORK (BB-34) GETTING READY TO SAIL FOR MEXICO
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo from the The Evening World. (New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931, 15 April 1914, Final Night, Image 3, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 1.79k NO EASY TASK FOR UNCLE SAM TO BLOCKADE MEXICO
Possible Shutting Up of Mexican Line of Coast an Arduous Task, as Shown by Experiences of Seventy Years Ago
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo from The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, 19 April 1914, THIRD SECTION, Image 26, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 962k Battleship Texas (BB-35) and view of gun turret. Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI.
Photo & text by Honolulu Star-Bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1912-current, 20 April 1914, 3:30 Edition, Image 8, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 564k CAPTAIN CLEAVES INSPECTING TEXAS (BB-35), NOW BEING RUSHED INTO C0MMISSI0N.Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH.
Photo & text by The Democratic Banner.(Mt. Vernon, Ohio) 1898-192?, 21 April 1914, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas92kTexas (BB-35) appears in a stereoscopic color tinted photo by Enrique Miller Jr, circa 1914.Courtesy of Paul Petosky.
U.S. Atlantic Fleet battleships71k U.S. Atlantic Fleet battleships steaming toward Mexican waters in 1914. Photograph copyrighted in 1914 by E. Muller, Jr., and Pach.
The following battleships that were dispatched to Mexican waters included the:
Ohio (BB-12), Virginia (BB-13), Nebraska (BB-14), Georgia (BB-15), New Jersey (BB-16), Rhode Island (BB-17), Connecticut (BB-18), Louisiana (BB-19), Vermont (BB-20), Kansas (BB-21), Minnesota (BB-22), Mississippi (BB-23), Idaho (BB-24), New Hampshire (BB-25), South Carolina (BB-26), Michigan (BB-27), Delaware (BB-28), North Dakota (BB-29), Florida (BB-30), Utah (BB-31), Wyoming (BB-32), Arkansas (BB-33), New York (BB-34) & Texas (BB-35).
In insets are (left to right):
Rear Admiral Henry T. Mayo,
Rear Admiral Frank F. Fletcher,
Rear Admiral Charles J. Badger.
USNHC # NH 60322.
BB-35 Texas 953k SILVER SERVICE PRESENTED TO BATTLESHIP TEXAS (BB-35)
School Children Galore at Presentation in Galveston of Elaborate Gift of People of State After Which Battleship Is Named
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 08 November 1914, Image 7, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Inset photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
John Hood177kPostcard photo of the Texas (BB-35) underway sometime after 1914.
Photo is attributed by Clarke Z. Muller.
Photo courtesy of SK/3 Tommy Trampp.
BB-35 Texas 936kAMERICAN GUNNER WINS WORLD RECORD
William Ruf, gun pointer on the battleship Texas (BB-35),on furlough home here, has received word from the Navy Department that he set a new world's record in big gun marksmanship off the Virginia Capes in recent practice. He scored eight straight hits with a 14-inch gun at a moving target twelve miles away. He receives a cash prize of $20 for this feat.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from the The Washington Herald.(Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, 21 February 1915, SOCIETY SECTION, Image 21, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 418kDOLLING UP FOR THE BIG DAY.
Painting the main fighting mast of the big Texas (BB-35) to make her ready for the review.
Photo by Underwood & Underwood.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo from Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 11 May 1915, Night Extra, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Atlantic Fleet250k OUTLINED AGAINST A CURTAIN OF DARKNESS
A fleet of destroyers and torpedo-boats has now arrived at New York to join the heavy ships of the line. Altogether, about 50 vessels will be assembled when the ceremonies began next Monday. It is promised that the strained international relations will have no effect on the parade.
Photo by International News Service.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo & text by Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 13 May 1915, Night Extra, Image 16, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Atlantic  Fleet862kTEXAS (BB-35) BOXERS NEED NO RING
They spar on a spar raised above the deck between the great guns.
Photo by International News Service
Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 14 May 1915, Image 4, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas935k"We Are Ready," Said Uncle Sam's Jackies Sitting on the Texas' (BB-35) 14-inch Rifle.Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC.
Photo from The Intelligencer. (Anderson, S.C.) 1915-1917, 15 May 1915, Image 5, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas 418kTorpedoes & tubes as mounted ready for action on board the Texas (BB-35).
One of the sights which drew the fascinated gaze of visitors to the ships of the North Atlantic fleet, at New York, was the deck torpedo tubes of the dreadnought Texas.
The Picture on the right above shows the bottom half of the hinged tubes, raised to show the deadly missiles lying in their resting places like larvae in a wasp's nest. The torpedoes are set in motion by compressed air, their course being kept true by means of compressed air from their propellers and gyroscopic attachments.
On the left is a typical torpedo of the short, blunt type favored by the American Navy.
It's probably a case of the reporter/editor cutting corners because they don't think any one knows better. While the Texas / New York were originally armed with 4 21" torpedo tubes mounted in pairs, port and starboard, they were not deck mounts but located in the hull below the water line roughly in line with the Nos. 3 & 4 5"/51 mounts. Notice the 2 ports in the side of the ship below, these as the torpedo tubes.
It is possible that the other photo on the same page of the newspaper which shows a torpedo displayed on the deck of a ship might have been taken aboard the Texas but not certain. The torpedo tubes above are most probably photographed aboard a Cassin/Alwin class or O'Brien/Tucker class destroyer.
Image provided by: Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo from the Evening Public Ledger, (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 18 May 1915, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Text i.d. courtesy of Chris Hoehn.
BB-35 Texas 722k FUTURE JACK TAR inspecting one of the big guns on Uncle Sam's dreadnaught, the Texas (BB-35).Image and text provided by University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE.
Photo & text by Omaha Daily Bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, 18 May 1915, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas73k"The Holland - America Liner Ryndam, settling low in the water after her collision with the Cuneo, convoyed by the battleship Texas (BB-35), from which this photo was taken." Photo from Brown Bros., text courtesy of N.Y. Times 6 June 1915, Page 8, courtesy of memory.loc.gov.

USS TEXAS BB-35 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Contact Name: Mr. Arthur E Mayle
Address: 911 Free Way Melbourne, FL, 32940-6929
Phone: 407-242-0026
E-mail: None


Note About Contacts.

The contact listed, Was the contact at the time for this ship when located. If another person now is the contact, E-mail me and I will update this entry. These contacts are compiled from various sources over a long period of time and may or may not be correct. Every effort has been made to list the newest contact if more than one contact was found.


Additional Resources
Special Feature Battleship Texas BB-35
87 Images of the only surviving American Dreadnought. 87 High Resolution Images also available.
Unofficial Web Site By D. Mitchell.
Great site detailing the restoration work on the Texas (BB-35) and tons of other information.
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Official Web Site (State of Texas)

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