Please Report Any Broken Links Or Trouble You Might Come Across To The Webmaster.
Please Take A Moment To Let Us Know So That We Can Correct Any Problems And Make Your Visit As Enjoyable And As Informative As Possible.


NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive


BB-53 IOWA

Radio Call Sign: November - India - Romeo - Papa


South Dakota Class Battleship: Displacement: 43,200 tons. Dimensions: 684' (length overall); 106' (maximum beam). Powerplant: 60,000 horsepower steam turbines with electric drive, producing a 23 knot maximum speed. Armament (Main Battery): Twelve 16"/50 guns in four triple turrets. Armament (Secondary Battery): Sixteen 6"/53 guns in single mountings (eight guns on each side of the ship). 8 3"/50cal AA, 2 21 inch torpedo tubes (submerged). Armor: 8-13.5 inch belt, 3.5 inch deck, 4.5-13.5 inch barbettes, 5-18 inch turrets, 8-16 inch CT.Crew: 1191.

Operational and Building Data: From the DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN NAVAL FIGHTING SHIPS, Vol. I, p. 108. Iowa (BB-53) was laid down at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., 17 May 1920, but on 8 February 1922, work was suspended when the ship was 31.8 percent complete.
Construction was canceled 17 August 1923 in accordance with the terms of the Washington Treaty limiting Naval armaments. She was sold for scrap 8 November 1923.
To Additional Pages

Planning & Models


Click On Image
For Full Size Image
Size Image Description Contributed
By And/Or Copyright
Construction
1920 - 1922

BB-53 510k Iowa's (BB-53) Fire Pump Support; Air Pump Support. National Archives Identifier: 78116600
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
BB-46 Maryland1.42kVirginia - Newport News: Maryland (BB-46) under construction, 10 March 1920, 10 days before her launching: under construction in the fourth slipway from the left, Shipway No. 6.
At the time of Maryland's launching, Newport News had five other large ships on the ways, which would be launched by mid-1920. They were:
Passenger Liner Golden State (launched 17 July '20. Later Tasker H. Bliss, AP-42)
Tanker Sepulga (launched 21 April '20. Became Sepulga, AO-20)
Tanker Salinas (launched 5 May '20. Became Salinas, AO-19)
Tanker Tippecanoe (launched 5 June '20. Became Tippecanoe, AO-21)
Tanker Trinity (launched 3 July '20. Became Trinity, AO-13)

The Golden State was 535' x 72'. She is probably the ship on the seventh slipway (three to the right of Maryland). Alongside her, on the eighth slipway and less far along, is probably the identical Silver State, which was launched on 11 December '20. She later became Zeilin (AP-9, APA-3).
The tankers were all 477' x 60'. Two of them are on the shipways flanking Maryland. I think two others are on the (partially covered) first & second slipways. The one on the first slipway has her stack visible, so is presumably Sepulga. The one on the third slipway (just to left of Maryland) is not quite as advanced, so is presumably Salinas. You can take your pick on the other two.
The West Virginia (BB-48) would be laid down one slipway & one month later on 12 April 1920.
The Iowa (BB-53) would be laid down two plus months later on the building ways on the extreme left on 17 May 1920.
Text i.d. courtesy of Chuck Haberlein.
Virginia - Newport News: Record Hierarchy
Record Group 18: Records of the Army Air Forces, ca. 1902 - 1964 Series: "Airscapes" of American and Foreign Areas, 1917 - 1964
National Archives Identifier: 68150871
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov via Chadd Smith.
BB-49 483k Our New Battleships & T-Boats Lead World's Navies
Vessels of the North Carolina class When Completed Will Put United States in Advance of Any Nation When Major Fighting Craft Are Considered---Fleet Submarines Under Construction Completely Overshadow Famous Deutschland in Size and Speed Besides Possessing Latest Marvels in Mechanical Equipment.
Image and text provided by Connecticut State Library, Hartford, CT.
Photo from The Bridgeport Times and Evening Farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1918-1924, 31 May 1921, Image 12, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-53 3.73k General arrangement of Iowa's (BB-53) deck plans, 43 photos. Photo from pacificbattleship.com courtesy of Dick Landgraff's collection via Tracy White & Dave Way, Curator, Battleship Iowa BB 61, Pacific Battleship Center.
South Dakota Class 564k 16-inch, 50 caliber gun under construction. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Iowa 232k Iowa's (BB-53) third deck is almost completely built in this view looking forward from her bow at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., 1 October 1921. Photo from National Archives & Record Administration (NARA), Record Group (RG-19-LC) Box 22. Courtesy of Dan Treadwell.
Iowa 237k View of the Iowa's (BB-53) third deck looking aft, 1 October 1921. Her two inner most turrets are visible. Photo from National Archives & Record Administration (NARA), Record Group (RG-19-LC) Box 22. Courtesy of Dan Treadwell.
BB-SD 1.39k America's Progress in Disarmament
Work Suspended on Nine Capital Ships, the Fleet Undermanned, the Army Reduced. United States Leads in Arms Limitation
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 12 November 1921, Image 12, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-49 1.53k Secretary Hughes Delivering His Epoch-Making Disarmament Proposal
A general view of the first plenary session of the Conference for the Limitation of Armament in Washington last Saturday. The United States Secretary of State, as chairman of the meeting, is shown at the center of the table, reading his address.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 15 November 1921, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB 48 & 53
014843
245kPhoto from the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company which shows the West Virginia (BB-48) on the shipway awaiting her launching 19 November 1921. One of the two large vessels being built on the ways behind her is most probably the South Dakota class battleship Iowa (BB-53), which would be cancelled 17 August 1923 in accordance with the terms of the Washington Treaty limiting Naval armaments. She was sold for scrap 8 November 1923.
The photos of Iowa under construction clearly show her being built in the left-hand (western most) of the two covered ways. So this photo of West Virginia, looking toward the west, would show another ship in the nearer covered way and Iowa would be in the one farther away. Based on the shape of the scaffolding on the nearer covered way, the bow shape suggests warship rather than merchant, and the length would be consistent with one of the battlecruisers. Constellation (CC-2) would be more likely than Ranger (CC-4), based on the height of the scaffold, but that then begs the question of where Ranger was being built since she would have been too long for most of the open ways in the yard.
Navsource, Friedman, and Breyer all agree that Constellation was laid down at Newport News in August of 1920. West Virginia was not launched until November 1921. Ranger was laid down in June of 1921, and so her construction (and scaffold height) would probably not have reached the level of that seen in the nearer covered way, based on the slower, peace time work schedule.
Text i.d. courtesy of Richard M. Jensen.
Photo courtesy of Dale Hargrave.
South Dakota Class 252k Full-length portrait of Edwin Denby standing, inspecting a 16-inch, 50 caliber gun at the Naval Gun Factory, Washington, D.C. on 17 December 1921. Digital ID: # cph 3a42380, LC-USZ62-42057. Washington, D.C., 1922, v. 2, Herbert E. French, National Photo Company. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.
South Dakota Class 301k Navy Secretary Edwin Denby and staff touring Washington Navy Yard, inspecting large guns for battleships yet to be built on 17 December 1921. Digital ID: # cph 3b10973, LC-USZ62-63358. Washington, D.C., 1922, v. 2, Herbert E. French, National Photo Company. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.
BB-49 South Dakota NR SECRETARY DENBY MAKES TOUR OF INSPECTION OF WASHINGTON NAVY YARD.
As a result of the conference on limitation of armament, this spot in the Washington navy yard may become the "graveyard" of the Navy Department. Photograph shows finished guns of various calibers. Intended for battleships yet to be built by Uncle Sam. The Secretary is accompanied by Admiral Coontz, chief of naval operations; Admiral McVay, chief of the bureau of ordnance, and other Navy officials.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by Evening Star.([volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 19 December 1921, Image 2, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Iowa 223k View of the Iowa's (BB-53) stern, on 3 January 1922. The outermost main turret casing has been recently constructed. Photo from National Archives & Record Administration (NARA), Record Group (RG-19-LC) Box 22. Courtesy of Dan Treadwell.
BB-532.72k32 photo PDF of the Iowa's (BB-53) General arrangement deck plan dated 1-6-22. Photos courtesy of Dave Way, Curator, Battleship Iowa BB 61, Pacific Battleship Center.
South Dakota Class 324k Scene in the Naval Gun Shop, Washington, D.C. 1922 February 10. 16-inch guns under construction. "Shop is idle today, employees numbering 1350 having been laid off yesterday." (Result of Naval Disarmament Treaty.) Digital ID: # cph 3b01777u, LC-USZ62-53813. Washington, D.C., 1922, v. 2, Herbert E. French, National Photo Company. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.
Massachusetts
015405
441k One of the turret shells of Massachusetts (BB-54) at the Bethlehem Steel factory, 1920's. Photo courtesy of 64.media.tumblr.com via Daniel Hacker.
BB-49 South Dakota 64k Artist's sketch of this class of ship underway. Painting by Rose Stokes, 1922. USN Historical Center # NH 63502-KN
BB-53
015305
1.37k Shipyard, Newport News, Virginia, 2 July 1934. The ways on the left was where the Iowa (BB-53) was laid down and subsequently scrapped in place. National Archives Identifier: 68150855
Local Identifier 18-AA-129-26.
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
South Dakota Class 329k
Oil on canvas painting by the artist Wayne Scarpaci showing a South Dakota class (BB-49 /54) battleship as it probable would have appeared circa 1938. The piece is entitled "Clearing St George's Light".
Photo and text courtesy of artbywayne.com
BB-49 South Dakota 161k On display in East Willard Park, Washington Navy Yard, D.C., in October 1974. This gun is Number 111, built at the Washington Navy Yard in 1922 for planned installation on the abortive South Dakota class (BB-49 /54) battleships and Lexington (CC-1-6) class battle cruisers. Note railway trucks supporting the gun barrel. The two sixteen-inch projectiles displayed alongside the gun are inert shells fired by New Jersey (BB-62) into San Clemente Island, California, during shore bombardment practice in 1968. USN Historical Center # NH 81481
BB-49 South Dakota 181k Sixteen-inch, 50 Caliber, Mark 2, Mod. 1 Gun Barrel On display in East Willard Park, Washington Navy Yard, D.C., in October 1974. This gun is Number 111, built at the Washington Navy Yard in 1922 for planned installation on the abortive South Dakota class (BB-49 /54) battleships and Lexington (CC-1-6) class battle cruisers. Note railway trucks supporting the gun barrel. The two sixteen-inch projectiles displayed alongside the gun are inert shells fired by New Jersey (BB-62) into San Clemente Island, California, during shore bombardment practice in 1968. USN Historical Center # NH 81482
(NISMF)371kA guest studies a painting depicting the history of battleships. The artwork was painted by George Skybeck and presented to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association during their annual banquet at Honolulu, Hawaii, on 8 December 1991. USN photo # DN-SC-92-05391, by PHC Carolyn Harris, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil, Defense Visual Information Center.

BB-53 IOWA History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)
Crew Contact And Reunion Information

Not Applicable To This Ship.
Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.

Back To The Main Photo Index Back To The Battleship Photo Index Page

This page is created and maintained by Michael Mohl
All Pages 1996 - 2021, by Paul R. Yarnall NavSource Naval History. All Rights Reserved.