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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

Ostfriesland


From: Dictionary of American Fighting Ships
Ostfriesland
A German province bordering on the Netherlands and the North Sea.
(BB: dp. 24 500 (f.); l. 546'; b. 93'3"; dr. 29'6"; s. 21 k.; cpl. 1150; a. 12 12", 14 5.9", 6 19.7" tt.)
Ostfriesland, a German battleship built at Wilhelmshaven, Germany in 1908; launched in September 1909; commissioned in the Imperial German Navy in May 1911; surrendered to the Allies following World War I; was taken over by the U. S. Navy and commissioned 7 April 1920 at Rosyth, Scotland, Capt. J. F. Hellweg in command.
Though in need of repairs, the ship managed to sail to New York where she decommissioned 20 September 1920. Ostfriesland, with several other ex-German warships, became targets for a demonstration of air power. Bombed by Army planes from Langley Field in Va., she was sunk 21 July 1921 about 60 miles off the Virginia Capes.

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Ostfriesland 305k Ostfriesland in drydock during her German Navy service, 1911-1918.Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Ostfriesland 302k Ostfriesland - heavy guns. Digital Source: Bain News Service.
LOC photo # LC-B2-3290-2 / 17760v from lcweb2.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 296k Four photo PDF of the Ostfriesland while in German service. Photos courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Ostfriesland 720k GERMAN BATTLESHIP WILL BE TURNED OVER TO UNCLE SAM
The Ostfriesland was one of the first German battleships delivered at the Firth of Fourth under the Treaty of Versailles. Ultimately the vessel will be turned over to the American government.
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo courtesy of The Ogden Standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, 20 April 1920, LAST EDITION - 4 P.M., Image 10, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 714k Naval Spoils Coming to America Promise a Profitable Study
Experts Likely to Gain Many Valuable Secrets of Construction in Overhauling Five German War Craft Soon to Arrive Here
The Ostfriesland is pictured to the right.
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo courtesy of The Ogden Standard-Examiner. (Ogden, Utah) 1920-current, 15 July 1920, LAST EDITION, Image 7, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 1.27k Uncle Sam's German Warships To Reach New York This Week
Five Vessels Allotted to America by the Allied Commission
The Ostfriesland once the pride of the German navy, is one of the ships awarded to the United States by the Allied Naval Commission
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 01 August 1920, Image 60, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 1.27k Five battle scarred, rusty German warships... Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times.(Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 13 August 1920, FINAL EDITION, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 390kAmerica Gets Five German Warships
The five German warships allocated to the United States arrived in New York harbor the other day. After being exhibited and studied, they will be destroyed. The photo shows the battleship Ostfriesland towing the cruiser Frankfort.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo & text by The Sun and the New York Herald. (New York [N.Y.]) 1920-1920, 15 August 1920, Section 5 Rotographic Section, Image 47, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 630kCHANGING THEIR NATIONALITYImage and text provided by Oklahoma Historical Society.
Photo & text by The Daily Ardmoreite. (Ardmore, Okla.) 1893-current, 17 September 1920, Image 2, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 1.61k How Germany's Humbled Warcraft Game to America
Captain Hellweg {in Center) and Staff
The Ostfriesland at Ponta Delgada
AMERICAN sailors lined up on board the Ostfriesland as the ship was taken out of commission at New York Navy Yard
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 26 September 1920, Image 63 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 1.05k Aircraft Against Dreadnoughts: The Battle of the Future
HOW AIRPLANES WILL FIGHT AN ENEMY FLEET BY DAY AND NIGHT
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 17 April 1921, Image 27, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-4 Iowa 1.83k Direct Hits From the Air While Traveling at Speed of Ninety Miles an Hour Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo & text by Evening Star. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 01 May 1921, Image 73, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 1.31k The Stage Is Set for the Test Between Plane and Warship
German Ships To Be Bombed In Mock War
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 05 June 1921, Image 25, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 904k Scores Of Planes And Balloons Will Be Used In Bombardment of Vessels To Determine Usefulness Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ.
Photo from Bisbee Daily Review. (Bisbee, Ariz.) 1901-1971, 19 June 1921, SECOND SECTION, Image 7, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
General William Mitchell and the 1st Provisional Air Brigade. 468k General William Mitchell and the 1st Provisional Air Brigade. USN photo # Lot-6095-1 from the album entitled, First Provisional Air Brigade, Langley Field, Hampton, Virginia, 1921. From the William Mitchell Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
Photo added 07/27/16.
General William Mitchell and the 1st Provisional Air Brigade. 343k 100lb demotion Martin aircraft, with MK.20 rack and Mk.1 bomb. USN photo # Lot-6095-4 from the album entitled, First Provisional Air Brigade, Langley Field, Hampton, Virginia, 1921. From the William Mitchell Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
Photo added 07/27/16.
Ostfriesland 1.18k Ostfriesland before being sunk during the Billy Mitchell aircraft bombing tests on German and U.S. Navy ships, showing the vulnerability of ships to aerial bombing, 18 July 1921. Note, U.S. Army C-4 lighter-than-air aircraft to the right. USN photo # Lot-6080-8 from the William "Billy" Mitchell Collection courtesy of the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
Ostfriesland 789k Anti-Ship Bombing Demonstration, 1921. The Commanding General personally directed the attack, 20-21 July 1921. USN photo # Lot-6095-38 from the album entitled, First Provisional Air Brigade, Langley Field, Hampton, Virginia, 1921. From the William Mitchell Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
Photo added 07/27/16.
Ostfriesland 841k The German Battleship Ostfriesland at anchor off Virginia Capes on 20 July 1921. This is prior to the ship being attacked by Army Air Service bombers in evaluation of aerial ship bombardment. Note the targets visible on the ship. US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1987.096.004.018 via Mike Green.
Ostfriesland 5.10k The Main Event.
Six photo PDF of the Ostfriesland under attack by Navy F-5L aircraft during evaluation of aerial ship bombardment off Virginia Capes.
Light 300 bombs were first used to simulate destruction of personnel.
After crippling and disabling personnel and armament, heavy bombardment was begun to demonstrate that it was possible to sink battleships by aircraft.
The final phase, 2000 pound demonstration bombs conclude the test.
USN photos # Lot-6095-33/40 from the album entitled, First Provisional Air Brigade, Langley Field, Hampton, Virginia, 1921. From the William Mitchell Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
PDF added 07/27/16.
Ostfriesland 655k The German Battleship Ostfriesland under attack by Navy F-5L aircraft during evaluation of aerial ship bombardment off Virginia Capes. The photograph was taken at 2:13 PM on 20 July 1921. US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1987.096.004.019 via Mike Green.
Ostfriesland 805k A NAVY K.O.
A 230 pound bomb from a navy seaplane lands on the stern of the former German battleship Ostfriesland, in the opening experiments of the final phase of the joint army and navy bombing tests off the Virginia Capes to determine the effect of aerial attacks on capital ships.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 31 July 1921, Image 66, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 440k Sepia rotogravure of the former German dreadnought Ostfriesland being destroyed by Army Martin bombers for practice. The caption writes, "Each one of the seven planes taking part in the attack dropped one bomb containing 2,000 pounds of TNT. After the fifth bomb had been dropped the vessel was seen to be going down by the stern. one more bomb completed the destruction and the dreadnought sank beneath the waves. Photo courtesy of periodpaper.com
Ostfriesland 1.44k Pride of German Navy Sunk by U.S. Bombs
Picture snapped just as a Martin bomber dropped one of the six 2,000-pound projectiles, which sent a column of water 600 feet in the air when it exploded.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 26 July 1921, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Ostfriesland 261k Four photo PDF of the German Battleship Ostfriesland under attack and sinking. US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1987.096.004.020.23 via Mike Green.
Ostfriesland 1.14k U.S. Navy ships prepare to watch the Billy Mitchell bombing experiments, 20 July 1921.
The ship at the far left is Ohio (BB-12). Moving to the right, the next two are the Delaware (BB-28) and North Dakota (BB-29), but the photo is not clear enough to tell which is which. The next BB (closest to the camera) is the Utah (BB-31), and the ship at the far right side of the photo is the Florida (BB-30).
Photo i.d. courtesy of Richard Jensen.
Image courtesy of National Archives, Washington, DC. via oceanexplorer.noaa.gov.

Crew Contact And Reunion Information
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Additional Resources
German battleship Ostfriesland bombed in Virginia Capes in United States. HD Stock Footage
2002 Ostfriesland Photos

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