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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

M-1 USS PURITAN

Radio Call Sign: November - Quebec - Sierra


CLASS - PURITAN As Built. Displacement 6,060 Tons, Dimensions, 296 x 60 x 18 feet/90.3 x 18.33 x 5.49 meters, Armament 2 dual 12/35, 6 single 4/40, 6 six-pound, Armor, 6-14" Belt, 14" barbettes, 8" Turrets, 10 " Conning Tower. Machinery, HC engines, 8 boilers, 2 shafts, 3,700 hp, Speed, 12 Knots, Crew 200 (270 wartime).

Operational and Building Data: Built by John Roach & Son, Chester, PA. Laid down 1875, suspended 1876, redesigned and construction resumed 1882, launched 6 December 1882, transferred to New York Navy Yard for completion, commissioned 10 December 1896. Operated around Cuba during the Spanish-American War, in blockade and bombardment duties. Served as a training ship at the Naval Academy 1899-1902. Decommissioned to reserve 16 April 1903; recommissioned 3 June 1903 as a receiving ship at Philadelphia. Loaned to the Washington DC Naval Militia from 1904 to 14 September 1909. Decommissioned to reserve 23 April 1910. Reclassified IX-6 on July 21, 1921 and used as Radio Controlled Target Ship.

Fate: Served as a target ship, designated Target B 1910-1917. Stricken for disposal 27 February 1918; sold for scrapping 22 January 1922.


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PURITAN 95k The monitor Puritan (BM-1) as originally designed, from drawings in the 1887 Navy Department Annual Report to Congress. Note her similarity to Civil War Monitors, except for cabin structures built atop her two turrets, The forward structure carries her chart room, with her pilot house atop it. The deck view shows internal details of these structures and also the massive armored ventilator abaft her funnel. her smoke pipe was also to have been armored. The rectangular structures in her main deck were all companionways. At this stage her main battery had been fixed to four 10-inch breech-loading rifles. The objects at the ends of her flying bridges are running lights. The fighting top carried a 37mm revolver cannon. Photo and text courtesy of U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History by Norman Friedman.
Puritan506k"This armor plate made at the works of John Roach & Son New York and Chester, Pa. As a specimen of the plating to be used on iron clad Puritan (BM-1), now constructing at Chester, Pa., Wt.19,700 lbs. 10 feet long 3 feet 8 in wide 12 3/4 in thick." Photo by Centennial Photographic Co., courtesy of phillyhistory.org
PURITAN 275k A line drawing of the monitor Puritan (BM-1) as completed. Photo courtesy of Transactions of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, collection of Robb Jensen.
PURITAN 164k Line engraving of the planned Puritan (BM-1) refit that was actually constructed. Photo from "Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia & Register", 1891 courtesy of Robert Hurst.
PURITAN 939k The New Honitor Puritan (BM-1)
Largest Ship in the Navy Is Soon to Be Commissioned
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo courtesy of The Evening Times. (Washington, D.C.) 1895-1902, 11 November 1896, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 37k Puritan (BM-1) under construction at Brooklyn Navy Yard.
A PDF on her commissioning can be seen here.
Photo by Edward H. Hart, # det 4a14670 by The Detroit Publishing Company, now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) as LC-D4-20893.
PDF courtesy of New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.] 1866-1924, 11 December 1896, Image 10, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 3.96k THE GIANT OF THE SEAS
The New Monitor Puritan (BM-1), a Perfect Fighting Machine
THE MOST POWERFUL COAST DEFENSE WARSHIP THE WORLD OVER
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo courtesy of The Herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.] 1893-1900, 27 December 1896, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 1.11k A GREAT WORK ENDED
UNCLE SAM'S BIG BROOKLYN DRYDOCK READY FOR BUSINESS
THE PURITAN (BM-1) IN THE DRYDOCK
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo courtesy of New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.] 1866-1924, 21 March 1897, Image 30, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 460k THE MONITORS OF TODAY.
ESSENTIALLY AN AMERICAN TYPE OF WAR-VESSEL.
Photo courtesy of New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.] 1866-1924, 29 August 1897, Image 30, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 227k SIGHTING THE RAPID-FIRE GUNS ON BOARD THE PURITAN (BM-1).
A PDF on her history can be seen here.
Photo courtesy of New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.] 1866-1924, 31 October 1897, Image 30, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 532k The monitor Puritan (BM-1) amidst a fleet of ships for company, circa 1898. Photo by B.L. Singley, courtesy of Robert Hurst.
TERROR 696k THE NORTH ATLANTIC SQUADRON, NOW BLOCKADING CUBAN PORTS.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo courtesy of The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.] 1895-1913, 23 February 1898, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Maine3.70kKEEL OF THE MAINE WAS BROKEN IN HALF
DIVERS HAVE POSITIVE EVIDENCE THAT A MINE DESTROYED THE SHIP
The Double Turreted Monitor Puritan (BM-1), One of the Most Powerful Warships Afloat.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo & text by The San Francisco Call.(San Francisco [Calif.] 1895-1913, 02 March 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 4.46k MONITOR PURITAN (BM-1), MOST DESTRUCTIVE OF WAR VESSELS
The monitor Puritan, which takes the place of the Terror (M-4) in the strategic position in Hampton roads, is a much more terrible and destructive vessel of war than the Terror, in spite of the Puritan's peace-suggesting name. The Terror does not displace 4000 tons of water. The Puritan displaces 6000.
This tonnage is that of a second-class battleship, but the Puritan is not precisely a battleship in the sense in which that term is generally used. She is purely a coast defense vessel, and, owing to her extremely low freeboard, she does not care to go far to sea, although she can sail if she has to.
The Puritan, like her sister ships is a floating fort. She has two turrets, instead of one. end can hurl a most destructive charge at an enemy. She carries 12-inch guns in her turret, instead of the 10-inch guns of the Terror. There is no ship of her kind on water that can compare with the Puritan for fighting ability or for tonnage.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo courtesy of The Herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.] 1893-1900, 04 March 1898, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Puritan397k"Five Minutes After Roll-Call"
This is an original 1898 black and white halftone print of the Robert Enrique Muller photo of the Puritan (BM-1), preparing the leave port during the Spanish American War.
Photo courtesy of periodpaper.com
PURITAN 1.00k Starboard quarter view of the Puritan (BM-1). Photo from The American Navy with Introduction and Descriptive Text - Reproductions of Photographs - Belford, Middlebrook & Co. - Chicago, 1898, submitted by Thomas Becher.
PURITAN 314k NIGHT WORK ON THE MONITOR PURITAN (BM-1). Photo courtesy of Colliers History of the Spanish American War, in 1898, and submitted by Daniel Wilmes.
PURITAN 200k On 27 April 1898 the U.S. Navy monitor Puritan (BM-1), (in the foreground) and the armored cruisers New York (CA-2) and Cincinnati (C-7) bombarded the Spanish fortifications on Matanzas Bay, Cuba. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels. Text courtesy of loc.gov. (Library of Congress).
PURITAN 1.20k The monitor Puritan (BM-1) participating in the shelling of Mantanzas, Cuba, on 27 April 1898. Photo taken from "Our Country in War" by Murat Halstead, 1898, courtesy of Robert Hurst.
PURITAN 136k On 27 April 1898 the U.S. Navy monitor Puritan (BM-1), (in the foreground) and the armored cruiser Cincinnati (C-7) return after bombarding the Spanish fortifications on Matanzas Bay, Cuba. Photo courtesy of Colliers History of the Spanish American War, in 1898, and submitted by Daniel Wilmes.
PURITAN 3.30k THE SQUADRON THAT SILENCED THE BATTERIES AT MATANZAS. Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo & text by The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.] 1895-1913, 28 April 1898, Image 3, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 3.02k THE FIRST BATTLE OF THE WAR.
Engagement at the Mouth of Matanzas Bay on Wednesday Last Between the American War Vessels New York (CA-2), Cincinnati (C-7) and Puritan (BM-1) and the Spanish Forts on Both Sides of the Entrance, in Which the Latter Were Entirely Silenced, With a Loss of 100 Men.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo courtesy of The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.] 1895-1913, 29 April 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 2.81k OUR MONITOR FLEET.
Miantonomah (BM-5), Terror (M-4), Puritan (BM-1).
Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN.
Photo courtesy of The Appeal.(Saint Paul, Minn.;) 1889-19??, 14 May 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Monitors677kOUR NAVY AS IT IS TODAY
1. Monadnock (BM-3) . 2. Petrel. 3. Puritan (BM-1) . 4. Concord. S.Wilmington. 6. Amphitrite (BM-2) . 7. Ajax. 8. Machfas. 9. Cincinnati. 10. Marbiehead. 1 1. Montgomery. 12. Minneapolis. 13. Kearsarge (BB-5). 14. Kentucky (BB-6). 15. Bancroft. 16. Dolphin. 17. Vesuvius. 18. Raleigh. 19. Indiana (BB-1). 20. Iowa (BB-4). 21. Olympia. 22. Terror (M-4). 23. Catskill . 24. Miantonomah (BM-5). 25. Gustine. 26. Yorktown. 27. Texas. 28. Helena. 29. Massachusetts (BB-2). 30. Columbia. 31. New Orleans, 32. San Francisco. 33. Canonicus . 34. Camanche . 35. Monterey (BM-6). 36. Brooklyn. 37. Detroit 38. Atlanta. 39. Alabama (BB-8). 40. Albany. 41. Baltimore. 42. Chicago. 43. Newark, 44. Boston. 45. Charleston. 46. Oregon (BB-3). 47. New York. 48. Manhattan. 49. Philadelphia. 50. Lehigh. And Torpedo Boats. Drawn by "w. A. Verhas.
Image and text provided by University of Tennessee.
Photo by The Maryville Times. (Maryville, Tenn.) 1884-1944, 28 May 1898, Image 3, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
AMPHITRITE 3.43k SURROUNDING SAN JUAN.
A View of the Northeastern Part of Porto Rico, Showing the Towns of Fajardo In the Center, Thirty Miles From San Juan, and Ceiba on the Left, Which Have Just Surrendered to the Americans, With Cape San Juan and Its Lighthouse, Now Operated by a detail of American Marines, on the Right and in the distance the Peak of El Yungue, 3714 Feet High, From Which All the Spanish Positions in Eastern Porto Rico Can Be Seen. In the Middle Foreground is the Gunboat Marietta, With the Monitors Puritan (BM-1) and Amphitrite (BM-2) on the Right, and the Montgomery (C-9), With the Transports Ready to Discharge Their Troops, on the Left.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo courtesy of The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.] 1895-1913, 07 August 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
AMPHITRITE 1.26k PERSONNEL OF THE SQUADRONS
The commander of the Puritan (BM-1),Captain Purnell F. Harrington, entered the Naval Academy in 1861, graduating three years later, thus being able to see service in the war. He is a man of remarkable brilliancy of intellect and an altogether splendid officer. He has made a study of torpedoes and is of great value to the service as an expert on high explosives.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo courtesy of The Herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.] 1893-1900, 08 May 1898, Image 32, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 88k Turret and guns of the Puritan (BM-1), 1898. Photo courtesy of A History of the War of 1898, published by Collier in 1898, and submitted by Daniel Wilmes.
PURITAN 57k Puritan (BM-1) in port, broadside view, location unknown. Photographed circa 1896-99. USNHC # NH 60696.
PURITAN 182k Puritan (BM-1) passing under Brooklyn Bridge sometime between 1898 and 1901. Library of Congress photo # LC-D4-20892, courtesy of Mike Green.
PURITAN 84k Puritan (BM-1) in color. Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
PURITAN 210k Stereoscopic color print of the monitor Puritan (BM-1).Photo courtesy of SK/3 Tommy Trampp.
PURITAN 641k Puritan (BM-1) off the Norfolk Navy yard, Va., May 1902. Source: Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo No. NH 61247 via Mike Green.
Photo added 05/01/17.
Puritan1.76kTRANSFER OF PURITAN (BM-1)
Vessel Assigned to District Naval militia.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from Evening Star. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 27 August 1904, Image 26, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 2.16k THE MONITOR PURITAN (BM-1)
DISTRICT NAVAL RESERVES NEW SHIP
A Detachment of Amateur Sailors Left Washington Today to Bring the Vessel Here From League Island Navy Yard.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo courtesy of The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.] 1902-1939, 03 September 1904, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN, NEVADA & FLORIDA 58k The monitors (front to back, left side) Puritan (BM-1), Nevada (M-8), & Florida (M-9) with the cruisers (front to back, right side) Denver (C-14), Cleveland (C-19), & Tacoma (C-18), steam in line abreast, circa probably mid-late 1900's. USNI / USN photo.
PURITAN 2.98k SAILED DOWN THE POTOMAC RIVER TODAY TO AID IN THE DEFENSE OF WASHINGTON
THE MONITOR PURITAN (BM-1)

Ship of the District Naval Reserves Which Will Take Part in the Big War Game
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo courtesy of The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.] 1902-1939, 09 June 1905, Evening, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 1.94k DISTRICT SAILORS START CRUISE FAR TO SEA ON MONITOR PURITAN (BM-1)
The Old Monitor Puritan on Which the District Naval Reserve This Morning Sailed Down the Potomac
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo courtesy of The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.] 1902-1939,15 September 1906, Last Edition, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 648k Crew members of the Puritan (BM-1) pose for a group photo in 1907. Photograph courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
PURITAN 70k Puritan (BM-1) in harbor, portside view, date and location unknown. USN photo courtesy of Andrew Toppan / Hazegray & Underway.
PURITAN 83k Starboard broadside view of the Puritan (BM-1) in port, date & location unknown. USNI / USN photo
PURITAN 60k A stereo view minus one of the Puritan (BM-1). Photo courtesy of Jim Geldert.
PURITAN 770k Wrecking A Ship To Test A New Explosive
Scenes at the recent test of the new Isham explosive by the navy department. The above photograph shows a crack in the turret of the United States monitor Puritan (BM-1), made by the new explosive. Below is a photograph taken as the explosion on board the monitor took place.
The first test consisted of placing 200 pounds of the new explosive, which consists of nitroglycerine gun cotton and marble dust in gelatine, against the starboard side of the after turret. It was fired by means of an electrical apparatus from the berth deck forward, on the Puritan. The second test discharged 200 pounds of the explosive at the belt line of the armor plate. This discharge caused the armor plate to give way and the monitor began to fill. The sinking ship was manned by a crew and rushed to the Norfolk navy yard for repairs. Ordnance experts say the tests were a success, but whether the United States will adopt it for the navy is not known.
Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX.
Photo courtesy of El Paso Herald. (El Paso, Tex.) 1901-1931, 03 December 1910, Image 22, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PURITAN 184k Observers on a tugboat inspecting waterline damage to the monitor Puritan (BM-1) after an ordnance test. Image and text provided by Library of Virginia via Bill Gonyo.
PURITAN 1.00k Favorite pastime among sailors on the Puritan (BM-1) before she meets her maker here. Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
PDF courtesy of Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.] 1914-1942, 05 August 1922, Night Extra, Image 3 via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
(NISMF)376kA guest studies a painting depicting the history of battleships. The artwork was painted by George Skybeck and presented to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association during their annual banquet at Honolulu, Hawaii, on 8 December 1991. USN photo # DN-SC-92-05391, by PHC Carolyn Harris, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil.

USS PURITAN M-1 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry
(Located On The Hazegray & Underway Web Site, This Is The Main Archive For The DANFS Online Project.)

Crew Contact And Reunion Information

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Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Battleship Pages By Andrew Toppan.

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