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NavSource Online: Battleship Photo Archive

TEXAS

Radio Call Sign: November - Uniform - Juliet


Texas Class Battleship: Displacement 6,315 Tons, Dimensions, 308' 10" (oa) x 64' 1" x 24' 6" (Max). Armament 2 x 12"/35 2 x 6"/30, 4 x 21" tt. Armor, 12" Belt, 12" Turrets, 3" Decks, 9" Conning Tower. Machinery, 8,000 IHP; 2 Vertical, Triple expansion engines, 2 screws. Speed, 17 Knots, Crew 392.

Operational and Building Data: Laid down by Norfolk Naval Ship Yard, on June 1, 1889. Launched January 28, 1892. Commissioned August 15, 1895. Decommissioned January 27, 1896. Recommissioned July 20, 1896. Decommissioned November 30, 1900. Recommissioned November 2, 1902. Decommissioned January 8, 1908. Recommissioned September 1, 1908. Decommissioned February 1, 1911. Renamed San Marcos, February 16, 1911. Stricken October 11, 1911.
Fate: Sunk as target off Tangier Island, Maryland, March 22, 1911, by the battleship New Hampshire (BB-25).

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Texas 611k U.S. Navy yard, Norfolk, Va., Texas on the ways under construction, 30 November 1889. National Archives Identifier: 52560643
Local Identifier: 181-V-6987
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Texas 661k U.S. Navy yard, Norfolk, Va., Texas From Stern, circa January 1890. National Archives Identifier: 52560635
Local Identifier: 181-V-6988
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Texas 561k Texas receiving her bow plates, circa July 1890. National Archives Identifier: 52560647
Local Identifier: 181-V-6989
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Texas 761k U.S. Navy yard, Norfolk, Va., Texas on the ways under construction, 22 August 1890. National Archives Identifier: 52560641
Local Identifier: 181-V-6986
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Texas 651k 2nd deck of the Texas, beginning to rise, circa spring 1891? National Archives Identifier: 52560649
Local Identifier: 181-V-6990
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Texas 1.51k Stern of the Texas, possibly right before launching on 28 January 1892. National Archives Identifier: 52560707
Local Identifier: 181-V-7019
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Texas 1.32k Texas, ready for launching on 28 January 1892. National Archives Identifier: 52560717
Local Identifier: 181-V-7024
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
Texas 327k Deck plan of the Texas, 1892. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Texas 308k A line drawing of the Texas as completed. Photo courtesy of Transactions of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, collection of Robb Jensen.
Texas 1.10k The Texas, a commissioning flag at the mast, is anchored with a two & three masted ship in the background for company in 1895. US National Archives photo # 80-G-1035093 from NARA, College Park, Maryland, courtesy of Sean Hert.
Texas 100k Early postcard of the Texas. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Texas 224k A true Southern bell is the Texas, 1895. Photo courtesy of Scott Koen & ussnewyork.com.
Texas 158k Starboard broadside view of a colored postcard of the Texas by Waldon Fawcett. Photo courtesy of Arnold A. Putnam.
Texas 93k Bow on view of the Texas at anchor ca. 1895 at an unknown location. Photo shows a good view of the secondary armament and the bow mounted torpedo tube. Photo courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a1419v & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) # LC-D4-20331, courtesy of Mike Green.
Texas 1.64k Texas discharging ammunition, between 1895 and 1901. Photo by Edward H. Hart, published by The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a14773 & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) as # LC-D4-21010, courtesy of www.shorpy.com
Texas337kU.S. Battleship Texas, chief petty officers.Photo by Edward H. Hart, courtesy of Shorpy.com via Dick Carter & Fabio Peña.
Texas 26k An officer's room aboard the Texas between 1895 and 1901. Photo by Edward H. Hart, courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a14766 & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) as # LC-D4-21004.
Texas 98k Starboard quarter view of the Texas sometime between 1895 and 1901 at an unknown location. Photo courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a14752v & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) # LC-D4-20989, courtesy of Mike Green.
Texas 136k Starboard bow view of the Texas underway sometime between 1895 and 1901 at an unknown location. Photo courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a16472v & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) # LC-D4-32199, courtesy of Mike Green.
Maine1.80kFLEET MANEUVERS-1897
IN BATTLE ARRAY
The September Evolutions of the North Atlantic Squadron.
Indiana (BB-1), Texas, Iowa (BB-4), Massachusetts (BB-2) & Maine.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo courtesy of Evening Star. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 28 August 1897, Image 18, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas1.12kTexas. Photo from The American Navy with Introduction and Descriptive Text - Reproductions of Photographs - Belford, Middlebrook & Co. - Chicago, 1898, submitted by Thomas Becher.
Texas 206k Photocrome print of the 2nd class Battleship Texas in 1898. Detroit Publishing Co. photo # 53230, courtesy of Robert Hurst.
Texas 303k Texas in drydock, between 1895 and 1901. Photo by Edward H. Hart, courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a14756 & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) as # LC-D4-20993.
Texas 819k Texas meets Boston harbor, Hoosac Grain Elevator and Charlestown in left background. Photo courtesy of the Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection via flickr.com.
Texas 632k The Silver Service to Be Presented to the Battleship Texas Tomorrow Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX.
Photo from The Houston Daily Post. (Houston, Tex.) 1886-1903, 18 February 1897, MAILABLE EDITION, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas610kBOARDED THE BIG VESSEL
Thousands Unable to Scramble Onto Her Decks
Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX.
Photo from The Houston Daily Post., (Houston, Tex.) 1886-1903, 19 February 1897, MAILABLE EDITION, Image 2, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
THE GREAT EXPOSITION 1.39k NORTH ATLANTIC SQUADRON IN ACTION FIRING OFF $1,000,000 WORTH OF POWDER AND SHELL IN AN HOUR
Iowa (BB-4), Ericsson (TB-2), Porter (TB-6), Indiana (BB-1), Texas, Maine, New York (ACR-2), Amphitrite (BM-2) , Terror (M-4), Raleigh (C-8).
Drawn by an expert marine artist from exact details. The line of battle is that described by Captain Mahan.
Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT.
Photo from The Anaconda Standard. (Anaconda, Mont.) 1889-1970, 16 May 1897, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas1.33kWHAT WOULD HAPPEN SHOULD WE FIGHT WITH SPAIN
Here Are the Secret Plans of the United States Government in case of War With the Spaniards, the First Time Told.
Just Where Our Ships of War and Troops Would Be Located if We Took a Hand in the Cuban Trouble.
Pictured among the vessels are the New York (CA-2), Indiana (BB-1), Texas, Massachusetts (BB-2), Columbia (C-12), Iowa (BB-4) & Maine.
Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT.
Photo from The Anaconda Standard. (Anaconda, Mont.) 1889-1970, 16 January 1898, Morning, Image 15, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 75k "Assembling the Fleet at Key West -- Sunday Service on the Battleship Texas." Colored print after a painting by Howard Chandler Christy, March 1898, copyright 1898 by P.F. Collier. Ship in the left background is the cruiser New York. Collections of the Navy Department, purchased from Lawrence Lane, 1970. Navy Curator Accession #: 70-638-A, # NH 71830-KN.
BB-2 Massachusetts 1.10k UNITED STATES WARSHIPS COMPOSING THE SQUADRON AT HAMPTON ROADS
BROOKLYN (ACR-3), TEXAS, COLUMBIA (C-12), MINNEAPOLIS (C-13) & MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2).
Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Photo from Daily Public Ledger. (Maysville, Ky.) 1892-191?, 22 March 1898, Image 3, & The National Tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, 21 April 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Photo from Colliers History of the Spanish American War, pub. 1898.,courtesy of Dan Wilmes.
BB-1 Indiana 1.09k READY TO FREE CUBA WHEN NECESSARY.
New York (CA-2), Columbia (C-12), Indiana (BB-1), Ericsson (TB-02), Texas, Montgomery (C-09), Iowa (BB-4), Cushing (TB-01), & Massachusetts (BB-2).
Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA.
Photo from Richmond Dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1884-1903, 27 March 1898, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-4 Iowa 115k Painting entitled "Before the War" by Carlton T. Chapman, depicting the U.S. North Atlantic Squadron anchored in Hampton Roads, Virginia, circa late March or early April 1898. Iowa (BB-4) is seen very distantly, and partially, on the right side of the image. Ships present are (left to right: New York (CA-2), Indiana (BB-1), Texas, Massachusetts (BB-2), Columbia (C-12) and Iowa. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 78627-KN, courtesy of the Navy Art Collection, Washington, DC. Donation of Capt. R.G. Colbert, USN.
Texas732kTHE BATTLESHIP TEXAS STRIPPED FOR A FIGHT
No gladiator ever looked more fit for a combat than the Texas as she steamed into Hampton Roads and cast anchor with the flying squadron. The Texas and the Massachusetts (BB-2) are designed to do the heavy fighting, and it is figured that the new flying squadron is amply sufficient to oppose the one coming from Cadiz. The machinery of the Texas was made by the Richmond Locomotive and Machine Works and has never given the least cause for complaint.
Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA.
Photo from The Times.(Richmond, Va.) 1890-1903, 17 April 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-2 Massachusetts 1.10k UNITED STATES WARSHIPS COMPOSING THE SQUADRON AT HAMPTON ROADS
BROOKLYN (ACR-3), TEXAS, COLUMBIA (C-12), MINNEAPOLIS (C-13) & MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2).
Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Photo from Daily Public Ledger. (Maysville, Ky.) 1892-191?, 22 March 1898, Image 3, & The National Tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, 21 April 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Photo from Colliers History of the Spanish American War, pub. 1898.,courtesy of Dan Wilmes.
Texas 39k Original photograph of "Assembling the Fleet at Key West -- Sunday Service on the Battleship Texas." Note the women on the left side. Ship in the left background is the cruiser New York. Submitted by Ray Kallman, courtesy of the Library of Congress as # LC-D428-765.
Texas 98k Captain John W. Philip commanded Texas during the Spanish-American War. National Historical Center Photo # NH 92017 submitted via Bill Gonyo.
Harber242kLCDR. Giles B. Harber was the Executive Officer of the battleship Texas in 1898.Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress via Bill Gonyo.
Texas 632k PLAN OF THE BATTLESHIP TEXAS Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Photo from Semi-Weekly Interior Journal.(Stanford, Ky.) 1881-1905, 06 May 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Monitors677kOUR NAVY AS IT IS TODAY
1. Monadnock (BM-3) . 2. Petrel. 3. Puritan (BM-1) . 4. Concord. S.Wilmington. 6. Amphitrite (BM-2) . 7. Ajax. 8. Machfas. 9. Cincinnati. 10. Marbiehead. 1 1. Montgomery. 12. Minneapolis. 13. Kearsarge (BB-5). 14. Kentucky (BB-6). 15. Bancroft. 16. Dolphin. 17. Vesuvius. 18. Raleigh. 19. Indiana (BB-1). 20. Iowa (BB-4). 21. Olympia. 22. Terror (M-4). 23. Catskill . 24. Miantonomah (BM-5). 25. Gustine. 26. Yorktown. 27. Texas. 28. Helena. 29. Massachusetts (BB-2). 30. Columbia. 31. New Orleans, 32. San Francisco. 33. Canonicus . 34. Camanche . 35. Monterey (BM-6). 36. Brooklyn. 37. Detroit 38. Atlanta. 39. Alabama (BB-8). 40. Albany. 41. Baltimore. 42. Chicago. 43. Newark, 44. Boston. 45. Charleston. 46. Oregon (BB-3). 47. New York. 48. Manhattan. 49. Philadelphia. 50. Lehigh. And Torpedo Boats. Drawn by "w. A. Verhas.
Image and text provided by University of Tennessee.
Photo by The Maryville Times. (Maryville, Tenn.) 1884-1944, 28 May 1898, Image 3, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 66k Texas in Cuban waters, during the Spanish-American War, May-July 1898. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 89467 courtesy of Robert Hurst.
Texas629kTORPEDO BOAT TERROR SUNK
Searchlight of the Texas Found Her and the Guns of the Fleet Sent Her Down
Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX.
Photo from The Houston Daily Post., (Houston, Tex.) 1886-1903, 08 June 1898, Mailable Edition, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Maine658kCaptain "Jack" Philip, on the old Texas at the victory of Santiago, his decks littered with wounded Spanish sailors, to his own men: "Don't cheer, boys; the poor fellows are dying." Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo by New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 22 December 1918, Image 53, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas770kA Spanish mine that was taken up in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, is shown on the deck of US Navy battleship Texas.USN photo #LC-DIG-DET-4A14780 by Edward H. Hart and published by the Detroit Publishing Company. Photographed between 1898-1901, courtesy of the Library of Congress, from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, courtesy of flickr.com.
Texas650kTexas with searchlight from Vizcaya, replacing one destroyed during the battle.USN photo # LC-DIG-DET-4A14778 by Edward H. Hart and published by the Detroit Publishing Company. Photographed between 1898-1901, courtesy of the Library of Congress, from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, courtesy of flickr.com.
Texas1.50kOFFICERS OF THE BATTLESHIP TEXAS. Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The National Tribune. (Washington, D.C.) 1877-1917, 16 June 1898, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas1.21k Texas, port view.Lot 3000-P-4 by the Detroit Publishing Company. Photographed between 1898-1901, courtesy of the Library of Congress, from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, courtesy of flickr.com.
Texas1.07k Texas Crew. Lot 3000-H-18 by the Detroit Publishing Company. Photographed between 1898-1901, courtesy of the Library of Congress, from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, courtesy of flickr.com.
BB-3 Oregon 3.97k BOMBARDMENT OF SANTIAGO FROM PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN DURING THE ENGAGEMENT
MASSACHUSETTS (BB-2), MARBLEHEAD (C-11). IOWA (BB-4), ENTRANCE TO HARBOR OF SANTIAGO DE CUBA
OREGON (BB-3) COOLING HER GUNS. NEW YORK (ACR-02), DOLPHIN
TEXAS, BROOKLYN (ACR-03), YANKEE & NEW ORLEANS.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The Herald.(Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, 24 June 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 1.26k BURIAL SERVICE TO A MINOR CHORUS OF SPANISH BULLETS
Obsequies of Surgeon Gibbs, Sergeant Smith and the Two Privates Killed at Caimanera, Conducted During a Sharp Attack. When the Shots of the Enemy Sounded Chaplain Jones of the Battleship Texas, Missing No Word of the Funeral Service, Changed His Position So That the Mound of Earth Turned to Make the Grave Was Between Him and the Line of Fire.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The Herald.(Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, 01 July 1898, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Santiago 5.06k Destruction of Admiral Pascual Cervera's Spanish Fleet. Created by Kurz & Allison, 22 July 1898. USN photo # LC-DIG-PGA-03912 courtesy of the Library of Congress, from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy, courtesy of flickr.com.
Texas900kTexas quarter deck after Battle of Santiago, whitened by saltpetre [i.e. saltpeter] from guns.Photo by Edward Hart, Detroit Publishing Company Photo # 4a14776v from lcweb2.loc.gov.
Texas 237k SHOT HOLE IN SIDE OF THE TEXAS Photo courtesy of Colliers History of the Spanish American War, in 1898, and submitted by Daniel Wilmes.
Texas591kEFFECT OF A SPANISH SHELL ON THE TEXAS .
When this shell struck the American battleship, Captain Philip was standing on the bridge. He immediately sent the officers with him to places of greater safety, but himself remained at his exposed post....
Image and text provided by Central Michigan University, Clark Historical Library.
Photo from The Copper Country Evening News.(Calumet, Mich.) 18??-1907, 28 July 1898, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas69kTHE BATTLESHIP TEXAS
The Texas arrived at New York yesterday to go into dry dock for cleaning and repairs.
Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO.
Photo from Kansas City Journal. (Kansas City, Mo.) 1897-1928, 01 August 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 77k Texas ready for post-war drydocking, at the New York Navy Yard, 3 August 1898. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 74104.
Texas 66k Crewmen pose in front of the battleship's port side (forward) 12"/35 gun, 1898. This view looks aft, with boat stowage and a winch at the left. Original photograph was printed on a stereographic card by Strohmeyer & Wyman, New York, 1898. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 93700.
Texas 191k The home-coming of the fleet -- with the Texas in view at the naval parade, New York, 20 August 1898. Photo # J239186 U.S. Copyright Office. Digital ID: cph 3c03140. Source: Library of Congress, Photographer: Edward H. Hart.:Illus. in: Harper's Weekly, 1898 September 3, p. 864.
Photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo.
SANTIAGO SQUADRON 3.44k GLORIOUS HOME-COMING OF THE SANTIAGO SQUADRON
THE GREAT NAVAL PARADE ON THE HUDSON. JUST BEFORE IT REACHED CASTLE WILLIAM, FROM WHICH THE FIRST SALUTE WAS FIRED
GUNS OF SAMPSON'S SHIPS THUNDER IN PEACEFUL WATERS
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 21 August 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-3 Oregon 5.15k ADMIRAL SAMPSON'S VICTORIOUS FLEET FIRING A SALUTE AT GRANT'S TOMB.
New York gave a royal welcome to the victorious squadron of Rear Admiral William T. Sampson. When the armored cruiser New York (ACR-02), the flagship of Rear Admiral Sampson; the armored cruiser Brooklyn (ACR-3), the flagship of Rear Admiral Schley; the formidable battleships Massachusetts (BB-2), Oregon (BB-3), Iowa (BB-4), Indiana (BB-1) and Texas began their parade through New York bay and up the North river, they were surrounded by a monster fleet of excursion boats and tugs profusely decorated with Old Glory. The battle scarred ships were also decked with bunting, and as they steamed slowly along they were greeted by the booming of cannons from the pleasure yachts and the shrill shrieks of the whistles of the excursion fleet.
Proceeding up the North river, the New York floating Rear Admiral Sampson's flag, was in the lead. Then came the mammoth cruiser Brooklyn, with Rear Admiral Schley's new flag floating proudly at her fore truck, and, following the Brooklyn in the order named, were the Massachusetts, the Oregon, the Iowa, the Indiana and the Texas.
When the fleet of cruisers and battleships reached Grant's tomb, the guns that spoke at Santiago were again heard in a grand national salute of 21 guns.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The Record-Union. (Sacramento, Calif.) 1891-1903, 26 August 1898, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov..
Texas 218k The fighting top of the Texas. Photo from Stories of Our Naval Heroes, by Jesse Lyman Hurlbut, Published by Winston, 1908 & contributed by Jim Geldert.
Texas 39k Texas photographed in 1898, probably upon her return to U.S. waters from Spanish-American War service. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 61227.
Texas 82k Bow view of the Texas, possibly entering south to Hampton Roads where she arrived on 2 December 1898. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri. Partial text courtesy of DANFS.
Texas 177k Metal postcard of the Texas, 1898. Photo courtesy of Robert M. Cieri.
Texas789kBATTLESHIP TEXAS AS SHE APPEARS STRIPPED FOR ACTION. Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX.
Photo from The Houston Daily Post. (Houston, Tex.) 1886-1903, 14 February 1899, MAILABLE EDITION, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas761kTHE BATTLESHIP TEXAS AS SHE APPEARS IN THE HARBOR AT GALVESTON Image and text provided by University of North Texas; Denton, TX.
Photo from The Houston Daily Post., (Houston, Tex.) 1886-1903, 15 February 1899, MAILABLE EDITION, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Return of the Conquerors, 29 September  1899 60k Oil on canvas painting entitled "Return of the Conquerors, 29 September 1899", by the artist Edward Moran (1829-1901), which appears in the collections of the U.S. Naval Academy Museum, Annapolis, Maryland, features the Texas, Indiana (BB-1), Massachusetts (BB-2), Oregon (BB-3), Iowa (BB-4) and other ships of the victorious U.S. fleet. Partial text and drawing courtesy of USNI.
Indiana2.60kADMIRAL DEWEY HEADS A MOST MAGNIFICENT MARINE PAGEANT
More Than Three Million Spectators Witness the Passing of the Nation's Hero on the Bridge of the Olympia (C-6), Followed by a Great Fleet of Warships and a Thousand Vessels of Peace
Ships in Water Pageant Passing in Review Before Dewey on the Olympia, Off Grant's Tomb
On the port beam of the Olympia was the escorting ship Sandy Hook, with the Mayor and other dignitaries aboard, and in her wake at intervals of 400 yards, stretched out a mile long, were the great towering warships, the armored cruiser New York (ACR-2), the battleships Indiana (BB-1) and Massachusetts (BB-2), the cruiser Brooklyn, second-class battleship Texas, the old wooden frigate Lancaster, the gunboat Marietta (Gunboat-15) and the Chicago (CA-14), the flagship of the South Atlantic squadron.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo & text by The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 30 September 1899, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 100k Texas at anchor off Grant's Tomb in September, 1899. Photo courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a14755v & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) # LC-D4-20992, courtesy of Mike Green.
Texas1.11kTHE MAINE'S MARTYR HEROES
The Battleship Texas Brings Their Remains to Hampton Roads.
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library & Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA.
Photo from Deseret Evening News. (Great Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1867-1920, 23 December 1899, Part 5, Image 40, & Virginian-Pilot. (Norfolk, Va.) 1898-1911, 27 December 1899, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 819k Stereoscope photograph of Texas in drydock. Photo courtesy of Thomas Becher.
Texas 911k Starboard broadside view of the Texas at anchor ca. 1900 at an unknown location. Photo courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a05054v & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) # LC-D4-5756, courtesy of Mike Green.
Texas 41k Crewmen pose with mascot dog and cat at the muzzle of one of the ship's 12"/35 guns. The original photograph was copyrighted in 1900 by R.Y. Young, and published as a lightly color-tinted semi- transparency stereographic card by the American Stereoscopic Co., New York. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 100333.
Texas 2.44k BATTLESHIP TEXAS IS AGAIN AFLOAT AFTER TWO YEARS' REST AT NORFOLK
UNCLE SAM'S BATTLESHIP TEXAS WHICH IS AGAIN IN COMMISSION AFTER UNDERGOING REPAIRS AT THE NORFOLK NAVY YARD. THE WARSHIP WAS SENT TO THE YARD TWO YEARS AGO TO BE OVERHAULED AND STRENGTHENED.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 17 November 1902, Image 4, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 1.14k Port broadside view of the Texas at anchor in 1903 at an unknown location. Photo courtesy of The Detroit Publishing Company as # det 4a15346v & now in the archives of the Library of Congress, (LOC) # LC-D4-21716, courtesy of Mike Green.
Texas1.04kBATTLESHIP TEXAS ANCHORS AT NEW ORLEANS FOR MARDI GRASImage and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO.
Photo from The St. Louis Republic.(St. Louis, Mo.) 1888-1919, 22 February 1903, PART IV, Image 42, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 973k BATTLESHIP TEXAS IS BACK AT NEW YORK
The United States battleship Texas crossed the bar early this morning on the way up the river. She was cheered on all sides as she steamed away, and the scene was one in which spontaneous and involuntary enthusiatsm played a marked part. The Texas made a fine appearance and her progress was majestic and imposing.
Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT.
Photo from The Butte Inter Mountain. (Butte, Mont.) 1901-1912, 18 February 1903, Image 9, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 1.07k Texas at Brooklyn Navy Yard, 1903. LOC photo courtesy of det 4a15442 via en.wikipedia.org.
La Guaira2.30kVenezuela circa 1904. American fleet at La Guaira.
The Gunboat/Cruiser at the far left is of the Denver Class (C-14/19) The other 2 ships, nearest center and farthest out, are two of the three Montgomery Class Gunboats/Cruisers (C-9/11). All three ships have different scroll work on their bows and based on that the nearest is the Montgomery (C-9). The other is probably the Detroit (C-10) as the Marblehead (C-11) was on the west coast in 1904 when the photo was probably taken. Why 1904 - the presence of the Montgomery, which was decommissioned in September of that year, and the Denver class ship, which were all commissioned in 1904 (though not Galveston (C-17) (October ) or Chattanooga (C-16) (November ) to late to be with Montgomery in S. Amer.)
The two 2-stacker's on the left are the Raleigh (C-8) and Cincinnati (C-7); the 2-stacker farthest away from the camera is the Newark (C-7), and the single-stacker is the Texas. In front of the Texas is the armored cruiser New York (ACR-2) (3 stacks). At right is the armored cruiser Brooklyn (ACR-3) (also with three stacks).
Photo i.d. courtesy of Chuck Haberlein & Chris Hoehn.
8x10 inch dry plate glass negative by Edward Hart, Detroit Publishing Company, # 4a05686a, courtesy of shorpy.com
Texas 365k Hoisting torpedo aboard the Texas. Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Texas3.30kMIMIC WAR RAGES ALONG THE HISTORIC SHORES OF THE CHESAPEAKE.
FORTS IN THE BAY PLAY HAVOC WITH DICKINS' VESSELS
TEXAS AFOUL OF A MINE
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.] 1902-1939, 12 June 1905, Evening, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas851kSCATHLESS THROUGH SANTIAGO FIGHT, HERO MEETS DEATH BY PISTOL SHOT
EX-SERGT JAMES A WHALEN, OF BATTLESHIP TEXAS
Hero Died Tuesday of Bullet Wound Inflicted by Deputy Sheriff William A Embrey and Whose Funeral Took Place Friday
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.] 1902-1939, 19 November 1905, Image 5, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas2.11kMonster Authorized for American Navy Wonder of Fighting Capacity
SEAFIGHTER POWERFUL ENOUGH TO OVERCOME FIVE LIKE THE TEXAS
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times. (Washington [D.C.] 1902-1939, 02 April 1906, Last Edition, Image 9, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 1.97k Old Texas Navy Hoodoo to Fight No More
She Will Shortly Go to Charleston as a Training Ship
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times., 1902-1939, 14 July 1906, Last Edition, Image 5, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas1.88kSome Commanders and Men Who Will Take Part In the First Armed Expedition to Occupy Cuba
CREW OF THE BATTLESHIP TEXAS
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times., 1902-1939, 30 September 1906, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 1.08k The Texas, which cost the United States $4,202,000 and which was one of the victorious fleet at Santiago, is so far behind the times that with twenty-five other well known vessels of the navy it is to be discarded from the line. It is only two sevenths the size of the Florida (BB-30). Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from New-York Tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, 24 April 1910, Image 21, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-35 Texas1.07kNEW YORK AND TEXAS NAMES
OF TWO NEW BATTLESHIPS

Washington, December 16. New York and Texas are the names of the two new battleships authorized at the last session of congress. Texas will be the name of the vessel which, as provided by the last naval bill, will be constructed by a private contractor while the New York dreadnought will be built by the government at the New York navy yard. This selection of names for the two most powerful vessels in the United States navy, which was made by Secretary of the Navy Meyer, will necessitate the changing of the designations of two warships already in commission, for at present there is the Texas, a second class battleship, which will be renamed San Marcos in honor of a city of Texas. Her displacement is only 6,315 tons, while the new Texas will be of 27,000 tons displacement. The present cruiser New York will be rechristened the Manhattan. The New Hampshire (BB-25), one of the crack ships of Uncle Sam's navy, will be a dwarf beside the New York and the Texas. The two new battleships will be nearly 10,000 tons heavier.
Image and text provided by University of Florida.
Photo from the The Pensacola Journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, 17 December 1910, Image 6, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Destruction
Texas 857k 1st photo of 4 photo PDF of the San Marcos [Ex-Texas] prior to being fired upon by New Hampshire (BB-25) in ordnance tests in Chesapeake Bay, March 1911. Note that the old battleship has had canvas screens rigged to increase her target area. The remaining 3 photos show the results of the firing. Source: Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo No. NH 73106 via Mike Green.
Texas 131k San Marcos, circa March 1911, after being used as a target ship. Courtesy of Michael Hughes.
BB-13 Virginia 2.02k OLD "HOODOO" BATTLESHIP TEXAS TO BE RIDDLED WITH SHOT MARCH 20 AS TARGET FOR THE NEW HAMPSHIRE (BB-25) Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Photo by Bismarck Daily Tribune. (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916, 19 March 1911, Image 1, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-13 Virginia 2.08k SENSATIONAL PHOTOS OF THE OLD BATTLESHIP TEXAS UNDER FIRE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE'S (BB-25) TWELVE INCH GUNS IN TARGET PRACTICE AND HAVOC WROUGHT BY SHOT AND SHELL Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota.
Photo by Bismarck Daily Tribune. (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916, 29 March 1911, Image 6, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Almost Unknown450kNEW BATTLESHIP TEXAS (BB-35) SEEN PROM THE MANHATTAN BRIDGE.
This 37,000 ton superdreadnought, most efficient of the first line, gained many of her records in firing at the wreck of the old Texas (renamed the San Marcos) in Chesapeake Bay. The photograph is one of the most unusual ever taken.
REMNANTS OF THE OLD TEXAS, TARGET USED IN FIRE CONTROL TESTS OF THE NEW NAVY. NOTE THE OLD MILITARY MAST, THOUGH RIDDLED BY SHELL FIRE STILL IS STANDING, WHILE AT THE RIGHT THE BASE ONLY OF ONE OF THE NEW BASKET MASTS IS LEFT.
Photo by Enrique Mueller Jr.
Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation
Photo by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, 07 January 1917, Section 4 Pictorial Magazine, Image 47, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-13 Virginia 897k Navy's Pace Emphasized by Scrapping of Fleet's Erstwhile Giants Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation.
Photo by The Sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, 15 June 1919, Section 7 Magazine Section, Image 82, courtesy of chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 662k Damage on the San Marcos - This deck winch was blown over the 12-Inch gun from the other side of the deck. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 673k A compartment in the San Marcos after the firing. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 576k All that was left of the Conning Tower and Bridge. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 721k Examining hits on the San Marcos between firings. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 655k No plow ran this furrow - the deck of the San Marcos after being traversed by a heavy projectile. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 305k The armor defeats the projectile - note the position of the projectile nose. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 326k San Marcos being towed to Tangier Sound, 1911. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 857k 1st photo of 4 photo PDF of the San Marcos [Ex-Texas] prior to being fired upon by New Hampshire (BB-25) in ordnance tests in Chesapeake Bay, March 1911. Note that the old battleship has had canvas screens rigged to increase her target area. The remaining 3 photos show the results of the firing. Source: Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo No. NH 73106 via Mike Green.
Texas 419k The San Marcos rests on the bottom in Tangier Sound. Photo by Lt.Cdr. Radford Moses, US Naval reserve via USNIP, 1938. Photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels.
Texas 69k View of San Marcos, circa March 1911, showing the results of target practice, most likely from the Kansas (BB-21). The officers and crew are also most probably from the Kansas. Photo courtesy of Michael Hughes.
Texas 71k View of San Marcos, circa March 1911, showing the results of target practice, on the deck, most likely from the Kansas (BB-21). The officers and crew are also most probably from the Kansas. Photo courtesy of Michael Hughes.
Texas 2.70k Searchlight Turned on Wreck of Texas
Navy May Be Muckraked for Sinking Ship

Only photograph of the destruction of the San Marcos, formerly the battleship Texas. The picture shows a close view of the midsection of the port side of the Texas and the havoc wrought by the fire of the Kansas (BB-21). Senator Perkins has demanded from the secretary of the navy an explanation why the battleship, that cost $4,000,000, was wantonly destroyed in target practice.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from The San Francisco Call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 31 March 1911, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
FLORIDA 541k Poor Old San Marcos (nee Texas) to be Annihilated by Shots from Monitor Tallahassee (M-9) (nee Florida) Image and text provided by Oklahoma Historical Society.
Photo courtesy of Tulsa Daily World. (Tulsa, Indian Territory [Okla.]) 1905-1919, 14 April 1911, MORNING EDITION, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 489k Demolishing of the Battleship San Marcos, Formerly the Texas, in Chesapeake Bay. Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo from The Logan Republican. (Logan, Utah) 1902-1924, 22 April 1911, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 463k GALLANT BATTLESHIP TEXAS IS PREY TO ASPIRING MARKSMEN OF NAVY Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI.
Photo from Evening Bulletin.(Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, 14 July 1911, 3:30 EDITION, Image 6, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
BB-18 Connecticut 1.84k WITH THE FLEET AT TARGET PRACTICE
THE CONNECTICUT (BB-18) FIRING A BROADSIDE AT THE SAN MARCOS IN CHEASAPEAKE BAY
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from Evening Star. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, 06 April 1912, Image 9, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 751k Mast That Is Target for Big Guns
BATTLESHIPS READY TO FIRE ON MAST OF THE OLD TEXAS
Practically the entire Atlantic fleet, under command of Rear Admiral Hugo Osterhaus, will assemble in Chesapeake bay, near Tangiers sound next week, when a skeleton mast, such as are used on the big battleships of today will be subjected to the fire of the biggest guns on the biggest ships of the American navy. The mast, which was built at the Norfolk navy yard, was towed to Tangiers sound Monday. It will be erected on the sunken hulk of the battleship San Marcos, formerly the Texas, which lies half burled in the mud, riddled from stem to stern with holes, a grim monument to the aim of American gunners. The tests to be made with the mast will, it is believed, establish its stability and value when under fire from big guns. The Navy Department has never conducted experiments of a similar nature, and the outcome of those to be made at Tangiers is not only interesting this Government, but is being waited for by foreign powers.
Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Photo from The Washington Times.(Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, 23 August 1912, LAST EDITION, Image 7, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
PDF added 10/08/17.
Texas 1.27k Armor plate from the Texas at the Illinois state fair in Springfield, circa 1915. Photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp.
Texas 422k THIS WAS ONCE THE PRIDE OF THE NAVY
But by the time the naval rookies who have just returned from the citizens' training cruise got through battering the old battleship Texas during target practice in Chesapeake Bay, it looked more like a Verdun factory.
Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA.
Photo from Evening Public Ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942, 12 September 1916, Night Extra, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
Texas 2.40k Hitting a target at 20,000 yards with fourteen inch guns probably will put our navy above all others. That's what the dreadnaughts Pennsylvania (BB-38) and Oklahoma's(BB-37) did in Chesapeake bay. The target was the hulk of the San Marcos, formerly the battleship Texas. No. 1. Pennsylvania, No. 2 Oklahoma's(BB-37), fourteen inch guns. No.3 San Marcos pierced by a shell. Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside.
Photo from Evening Times-Republican. (Marshalltown, Iowa) 1890-1923, 10 October 1916, Image 5, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
General William Mitchell and the 1st Provisional Air Brigade. 468k General William Mitchell and the 1st Provisional Air Brigade. USN photo # Lot-6095-1 from the album entitled, First Provisional Air Brigade, Langley Field, Hampton, Virginia, 1921. From the William Mitchell Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
General William Mitchell and the 1st Provisional Air Brigade. 343k 100lb demotion – Martin aircraft, with MK.20 rack and Mk.1 bomb. USN photo # Lot-6095-4 from the album entitled, First Provisional Air Brigade, Langley Field, Hampton, Virginia, 1921. From the William Mitchell Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
San Marcos 2.38k Anti-Ship Bombing Demonstration, 16 June 1921.
Final Tryout: Bombing tests on San Marcos.
300 Demolition, Mk16 on DH aircraft, Mk1 bomb.
First Practice with 300 demolition bombs on San Marcos.
USN photo # Lot-6095-9 from the album entitled, First Provisional Air Brigade, Langley Field, Hampton, Virginia, 1921. From the William Mitchell Collection. Courtesy of the Library of Congress from the National Museum of the U.S. Navy via flickr.com
BB-8 Alabama83kEx-Alabama (BB-8) showing the effect of a phosphorus bomb, while serving as a target for U.S. Army bombers in Chesapeake Bay, 27 September 1921. An Army Martin twin-engine bomber is flying overhead. Also visible, in the foreground, is a Navy F5L seaplane. Wrecks in the distance are the old battleships San Marcos (furthest to the left) and Indiana (BB-1). This photograph has been hand-tinted in colors. Photograph # NH 263-KN, from the collections of the United States Naval Historical Center.
Indiana203kIndiana (BB-1) serving as a target for U.S. Army bombers in Chesapeake Bay, 27 September 1921. The San Marcos lies to her right. Digital ID: # 29629v, LC-F82-5197. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.
(NISMF)376kA guest studies a painting depicting the history of battleships. The artwork was painted by George Skybeck and presented to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association during their annual banquet at Honolulu, Hawaii, on 8 December 1991. USN photo # DN-SC-92-05391, by PHC Carolyn Harris, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of dodmedia.osd.mil.
Texas 1.10k The wreck of the San Marcos poses navigational hazards to shipping years after her demise. Photo and PDF courtesy of Ron Reeves HTC (ret.)

TEXAS History
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