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NavSource Online: Escort Carrier Photo Archive

USS CROATAN   (ACV-25)
(later CVE-25, CVHE-25, CVU-25 and AKV-43)



Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign: November - Whiskey - Papa - November

Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row: American Campaign Medal (1 star) / European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (1 star) / World War II Victory Medal

Bogue Class Escort Carrier
Ordered Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Stricken
(see below) 15 Apr 1942 1 Aug 1942 28 Apr 1943
16 Jun 1958 (*)
20 May 1946
23 Oct 1969

15 Sep 1970
Builder: Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp., Seattle, Wash.
(*) Under MSTS control (see below)

Specifications
(As commissioned, 1943)
Displacement: 7,800 tons standard; 15,700 tons full load (design)
Dimensions (wl): 465' x 69.5' x 23.25'  /  141.7 x 21.2 x 7.1 meters
Dimensions (max.): 495' 8" x 111.5'  /  151.1 x 34 meters
Armor: None
Power plant: 2 boilers (285 psi); 1 steam turbine; 1 shaft; 8,500 shp
Speed: 16.5 knots
Endurance:
Armament: (ultimate) 2 single 5"/38 (initially 5"/51) gun mounts; 10 twin 40-mm/56-cal gun mounts; 26 single 20-mm/70-cal gun mounts
Aircraft: 24
Aviation facilities: 2 elevators; 1 hydraulic catapult
Crew: 890

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Size Image Description Contributed
By And/Or Copyright
World War II
ACV-25 Croatan
NS0302521
81k

Croatan (ACV-25) was launched on Saturday, 1 August 1942, by Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp., Seattle, Wash., and sponsored by Mrs. J.S. Russell.

Ron Reeves
ACV-25 Croatan
NS0302505
36k

USS Croatan (ACV-25) underway off Restoration Point, 20 May 1943.

Seattle Branch of the National Archives photo.

Tracy White
ACV-25 Croatan
NS0302506
24k

USS Croatan (ACV-25) underway off Restoration Point, 20 May 1943.

Seattle Branch of the National Archives photo.

Tracy White
ACV-25 Croatan
NS0302507
37k

USS Croatan (ACV-25) underway off Restoration Point, 20 May 1943.

Seattle Branch of the National Archives photo.

Tracy White
ACV-25 Croatan
NS0302508
37k

USS Croatan (ACV-25) underway off Restoration Point, 20 May 1943.

Seattle Branch of the National Archives photo.

Tracy White
ACV-25 Croatan
NS0302509
42k

USS Croatan (ACV-25) underway off Restoration Point, 20 May 1943.

Seattle Branch of the National Archives photo.

Tracy White
ACV-25 Croatan
NS0302524
117k

The Bogue-class escort carrier Croatan (CVE-25), May 1943, armed with two 5-in/51, eight twin 40-mm, and twenty-seven single 20-mm guns. The three booms projecting to starboard were aircraft outriggers. Radars were the SG and SC-3.

Drawing and text from U.S. Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated Design History, by Norman Friedman.

Robert Hurst
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0302501
170k Underway in 1943, with some Avengers and Wildcats of her VC-19 composite squadron on deck. She is camouflaged in Measure 22. Courtesy of Tony Alter, via Bill Gonyo
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0302504
171k Underway on 17 October 1943. The mast forward of the island carries the HF/DF antenna, an essential device for ASW against German U-boats in the Atlantic; her aircraft and escorts sank seven submarines in 1944–1945: U-856, U-488, U-490, U-154, U-1235, U-880 and U-518. The island was built out over the side of the ship to clear the flight deck entirely, thus requiring dedicated supports. National Archives, College Park, Maryland, via Dwayne Day
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0302523
238k

Undated (probably March–May 1944) photo of an FM-2 Wildcat and TBM-1C Avengers from Composite Squadron (VC) 42 spotted on the flight deck of USS Croatan (CVE‑25) in rough Atlantic Ocean seas.

National Naval Aviation Museum, photo # 1996.253.1435.

Mike Green
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0302519
68k

Survivors of U-490 coming up the forward elevator after being transferred from USS Inch (DE-146) on 14 June 1944. The U-boat was sunk by the aircraft of USS Croatan (CVE‑25), and destroyer escorts USS Frost (DE-144), USS Huse (DE-145), and Inch.

Source: National Archives II, College Park, MD. Photo # 80-G-270278.

Tracy White, Researcher @ Large
CVE-25 Croatan
NS016383a
111k

Norfolk Naval Base, Virginia — Warships at the Base piers, circa August 1944. Among them are: USS Missouri (BB-63), the largest ship; USS Alaska (CB-1), on the other side of the pier; USS Croatan (CVE-25), and destroyers of the Fletcher and "Four-Pipe, Flush-Deck" classes at the next pier.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (#80-G-190547).

National Archives
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0610208
75k

USS Croatan (CVE-25) seen from USS Thomas (DE-102), circa 1944-1945. The DE was pulling away from the CVE after mail pass.

© Robert M. Buring
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0302516
103k

USS Croatan (CVE-25), July 1945.

National Archives, College Park, Maryland, via Dwayne Day
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0302517
72k

USS Croatan (CVE-25). Date unknown, but probably taken shortly after the war.

National Archives, College Park, Maryland, via Dwayne Day
CVE-25 Croatan
NS0302518
92k

USS Croatan (CVE-25) anchored in the Hudson River, off New York City, at the time of the Navy Day Fleet Review, circa late October 1945.

Collection of Warren Beltramini, donated by Beryl Beltramini, 2007.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 105559).

NHC.
Thanks to Charles R. Haberlein Jr.
As AKV-43, 1959-1969
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302512
162k

The U.S. Naval Ship Croatan being used by NASA as a sea-going launch platform for sounding rockets. Launchers for Nike-Cajun and Nike-Apache rockets are positioned on each side of the wide deck elevator. Special telemetry and tracking antennas are installed on both sides of the flight deck along with instrumented trailers, forward, near superstructure. Forty or more sounding rockets with scientific payloads were scheduled for launch during a three-month expedition. Project management was assigned to NASA's Wallops Station, Wallops Island, Virginia. The photograph is from 1964.

NASA via Dwayne A. Day
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302513
171k

Equipment for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Shipboard Sounding Rocket Experiments program is loaded aboard the U.S.N.S. Croatan in preparation for a shakedown cruise to test the equipment and operational procedures. The photograph is from 1964.

NASA via Dwayne A. Day
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302514
133k

Instrument trailers for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Shipboard Sounding Rocket Experiments are positioned aboard the U.S. Naval Ship Croatan in preparation for a shakedown cruise to test the equipment and operational procedures. The mobile launch platform permitted rocket soundings in areas not accessible from land-based launch sites, particularly in the region of the magnetic equator. The experiments were part of the International Quiet Sun Year 1964–1965. The photograph is from 1964.

NASA via Dwayne A. Day
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302515
136k

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Project Engineer James Grey talks with Captain Gunnar J. Johnson, USN, on the positioning of the equipment trailers aboard the USNS Croatan in preparation of a shakedown cruise to test the equipment, and operational procedures for the Shipboard Sounding Rockets Experiments program. The photograph is from 1964.

NASA via Dwayne A. Day
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302511
31k

A total of 77 Nike-Cajuns, Nike-Apaches, and small Arcas meteorological rockets were launched from Wallops' mobile range facility on the USNS Croatan (T-AKV 43), while she steamed along the west coast of South America between March 8 and April 22, 1965. The experiments were aimed at determining the states of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere during solar sunspot minimum, particularly the so-called "equatorial electrojet." The instrumentation was provided by the Universities of Michigan and New Hampshire, Goddard Space Flight Center, and others. These shipboard firings were part of NASA's contribution to the International Year of the Quiet Sun (IQSY).

This stern view shows the Nike launchers next to the after elevator and the vertical lauch tube for the Arcas meteorological rocket.

Photo and partial text courtesy of NASA History Division
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302510
66k

US Army official image of the USNS Croatan (T-AKV 43) at a US dock with a load of helicopters heading to Vietnam. Date unkown.

Pete Harlem
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302502
37k Seen here in the Panama Canal, January 25, 1966. © Richard Leonhardt
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302503
52k Seen here in the Panama Canal, January 25, 1966. © Richard Leonhardt
AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302520
87k

USNS Croatan (T-AKV 43) at Alameda, CA, around 22 April 1967. "The deck load were F-5's, Hueys and what looks like an F-106 is actually a TF-102 with a portion of its tail removed."

David Miller
T-AKV-43 Croatan
NS0302522
67k

USNS Croatan (T-AKV 43) at Okinawa, Japan, May 1967. U.S. Army photo. National Archives and Records Administration.

RoBert Hurst

For more photos and information about this ship, see:

Read the USS Croatan (ACV-25 / CVE-25 / CVHE-25 / CVU-25 / AKV-43) DANFS History entry

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Related Links
Hazegray & Underway World Aircraft Carrier Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Official U.S. Navy Carrier Website
Escort Carrier Sailors & Airmen Association

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Last update: 20 September 2014