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Navsource Online: Destroyer Escort Photo Archive

USS England (DE 635)



Flag Hoist / Radio Call Sign:
N - T - Q - J
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row: Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive) - Presidential Unit Citation - American Campaign Medal
Second Row: Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/ 10 stars - WWII Victory Medal - Philippine Liberation Ribbon


Specifications:
Class: Buckley
Type: TE (turbine-electric drive, 3" guns)
Displacement: 1400 tons (light), 1740 tons (full)
Length: 300' (wl), 306' (oa)
Beam: 36' 9" (extreme)
Draft: 10' 6" (draft limit)
Propulsion: 2 "D" Express boilers, G.E. turbines with electric drive, 12000 shp, 2 screws
Speed: 24 kts
Range: 6,000 nm @ 12 knots
Armament: 3 x 3"/50 Mk22 (1x3), 1 twin 40mm Mk1 AA, 8 x 20mm Mk 4 AA, 3 x 21" Mk15 TT (3x1), 1 Hedgehog Projector Mk10 (144 rounds), 8 Mk6 depth charge projectors, 2 Mk9 depth charge tracks
Complement: 15 / 198
England (DE 635) Building and Operational Data:
  • 04 April 1943: Keel laid by the Bethlehem Steel Shipyard Corp., San Francisco, Cal.
  • 26 September 1943: Launched and christened, sponsored by Mrs. H. B. England, mother of Ensign England; and commissioned 10 December 1943,
  • 10 December 1943: Commissioned, Cmdr. W. B. Pendleton in command
  • 16 July 1945: Arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard for conversion to APD 41, war's end cancelled the conversion
  • 15 October 1945: Decommissioned at Philadelphia, Pa. after 1 year and 10 months of service
  • 01 November 1945: Struck from the NVR
  • 26 November 1946: Sold to the Northern Metals Corp., Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 10 December 1946: Removed from U.S. Naval custody
    Note: USS England was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for sinking six subs in twelve days. On 25 June 1944
    the Japanese submarines RO-104, RO-105, RO-106, RO-108, and RO-116 were posted as missing, and presumed sunk.

    The President of the United States has presented the Presidential Unit Citation to the USS England for service as set forth in the following citation:

    "For outstanding performance in combat against enemy forces from May 19 to 31, 1944. Utilizing to the full all available weapons and equipment the USS ENGLAND skillfully
    coordinated her attacks with other vessels and with cooperating aircraft, striking boldly and with exceptional precision at the enemy. In a sustained series of attacks, she destroyed
    six hostile ships within twelve days effecting this devastating blow to enemy operations during a particularly crucial period and disrupting attempts by the enemy to supply or evacuate
    key units. By this heavy loss to the enemy the ENGLAND contributed substantially to unmolested advance of the United States Fleet pointing toward subsequent seizure and occupation
    by our forces. A gallant and daring fighter, superbly ready combat, the ENGLAND has achieved an outstanding record of success, reflecting the highest credit upon her gallant officers
    and men and the United States Naval Service."




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    England 48k John Charles England was born in Harris, Mo., on 11 December 1920. His family then moved to Alhambra, Cal. He attended Pasadena Junior College in 1940, was a Yell King on the Pep Commission, a member of the Players Guild, were he was in the cast of their annual fall presentation of "Bachelor Born". J.C. was also a member of Delta Psi Omega, a national honorary dramatics fraternity which he acted in their annual spring production, "Outward Bound". J.C. graduated in spring, 1940. He enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve as an Apprentice Seaman at Los Angeles on 06 September 1940. After active duty training on board the USS New York from 25 November to 21 December 1940 he attended Naval Reserve Midshipman's School, New York, N.Y. and was appointed Midshipman, USNR, 06 March 1941. He completed his training on 05 June and was commissioned Ensign, USNR, 06 June 1941. On 03 September 1941, he reported for duty in USS Oklahoma (BB 37), and was killed in action during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, 07 December 1941. Ensign England survived the initial attack and escaped topside as the ship was capsizing. He remembered the men still in the radio room. He returned three times to the radio room, each time guiding a man to safety. He left to go back below decks for the fourth time and was never seen again. He was one of twenty officers and 395 enlisted men were killed on board USS Oklahoma that morning. Ensign John Charles England was posthumously awarded the Purple Heart.

    USS England (DE 635) (1943-1945) was the first ship named in his honor, she was succeeded by DLG 22 (1963-1994).

    (U.S. Navy photo #NH-85190 (Courtesy of his mother, Mrs. H. B. England, 1976) from the Naval History and Heritage Command)
    Bill Gonyo
    Downey, Cal.
    England 264k 26 September 1943: San Francisco, Cal. - USS England (DE 635) is christened by Mrs. Harry B. (Thelma) England, mother of Ensign John C. England, the ship's namesake, during launching ceremonies at the Bethlehem Steel Company shipyard.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #19-N-51897 from from the Bureau of Ships Collection at the National Archives)
    England 197k 26 September 1943: San Francisco, Cal. - USS England slides down the building ways at the Bethlehem Steel Company shipyard, San Francisco, California, during launching ceremonies.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #19-N-51896 from the National Archives)
    Mike Smolinski
    Clifton, N.J.

    Navsource DE/FF/LCS
    Archive Manager
    England 358k 09 February 1944: off San Francisco, Cal.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #19-N-60938 from the National Archives)
    England 321k 09 February 1944: off San Francisco, Cal.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #19-N-60940 from the National Archives)
    England 208k 09 February 1944: off San Francisco, Cal. - A bow-on view of USS England.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #19-N-60941 from the National Archives)
    England 180k 09 February 1944: off San Francisco, Cal. - USS England, a view from off the ship's stern. Note name painted on her transom, and depth charge racks and smoke generators mounted on deck above.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #19-N-60942 from the National Archives)
    England 248k 09 February 1944: off San Francisco - The famous DE England, which sank six Japanese submarines in just a few days in the Pacific. Note the large rangefinder on the bridge.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #19-N-60939 from the National Archives)
    England 159k 21 July 1945: Philadelphia, Pa. - USS England (DE 635) lays off the Philadelphia Navy Yard. She was there for repairs and conversion to a destroyer transport (APD 41) after being hit by a Kamikaze off Okinawa on 09 May 1945. The conversion was canceled at the end of the war.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #80-G-336947 from the United States National Archives)
    Mike Green
    Port Angeles, Wash.
    England 283k 24 July 1945: Philadelphia, Pa. - Damage from a "Kamikaze" hit received off Okinawa on 09 May 1945. This view, taken at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, shows the port side of the forward superstructure, near where the suicide plane struck. Note scoreboard painted on the bridge face, showing her Presidential Unit Citation pennant and symbols for the six Japanese submarines and three aircraft credited to England. Also note fully provisioned life raft at right.

    (U.S. Navy National Archives photo #80-G-336949 from the Naval History and Heritage Command)
    Mike Smolinski
    Clifton, N.J.

    Navsource DE/FF/LCS
    Archive Manager
    England 354k 24 July 1945: Philadelphia, Pa. - Fire damage in the pilothouse, near where a Japanese Kamikaze struck England while she was off Okinawa on 9 May 1945. This view was taken at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania.

    (U.S. Navy National Archives photo #80-G-336953 from the Naval History and Heritage Command)
    England 364k 24 July 1945: Philadelphia Navy Yard - Burned-out officers' stateroom in the forward superstructure, from a "Kamikaze" that hit near her bridge while she was off Okinawa on 09 May 1945.

    (U.S. Navy National Archives photo #80-G-336950 from the Naval History and Heritage Command)
    England 195k 24 July 1945: Philadelphia, Pa. - View of the USS England (DE 635) showing some of the damage received from a kamikaze hit off Okinawa on 09 May 1945. This photo shows the interior of the wrecked deck-house just forward of the bridge, looking toward #2 3"/50 gun. Photographed at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 24 July 1945.

    (U.S. Navy Photo #80-G-336952 from the United States National Archives)
    Mike Green
    Port Angeles, Wash.
    England 177k undated: Philadelphia, Pa. - England moored at what is presumed to be the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Tim Rizzuto
    Ship's Superintendent
    DE Historical Museum
    USS Slater at Albany, N.Y.
    England 966k A painting (artist name signed at left) depicting the destroyer escort USS England salvoing 24 projectiles from her Hedgehog multi-spigot launcher. This image was used in an advertisement by Singer Librascope.

    (Image from Jane's Fighting Ships 1971-72)
    Bob Hurst
    Worksop, Nottinghamshire,
    England, United Kingdom

    England History
    View the USS England (DE 635) DANFS history entry located on the Naval History and Heritage Command web site.
    Letter from Sec. of the Navy James Forrestal awarding the PUC to Cmdr. Pendleton.
    Rought draft of a Press Release written by Lcdr. Williamson describing 09 May 1945.
    View the official U.S. Navy Press Release of 31 August 1945 describing England's ordeal.

    England's Commanding Officers
    Thanks to Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves
    Dates of Command Commanding Officers
    1.) 10 Dec. 1943 - 30 Aug. 1944Cmdr. Walton Barclay Pendleton (USNA '21) (Globe, Ariz.) (Comm. CO)
    2.) 30 Aug. 1944 - 15 Sep. 1945Lcdr. John Alexander Williamson (Birmingham, Ala.)
    3.) 15 Sep. 1945 - 15 Oct. 1945Lt. Augustus Dee Daily, Jr. (Springfield, Mo.) (Decomm. CO)

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information

    9 - 12 October 2014 at Mobile, Ala.

    Contact Name: Dennis O'Brien
    E-mail: dennis at ussengland.net
    Note About Contacts

    Contact information is compiled from various sources over a period of time and may, or may not, be correct. Every effort has
    been made to list the newest contact. However, our entry is only as good as the latest information that's been sent to us. We list
    only a contact for the ship if one has been sent to us. We do NOT have crew lists, rosters, or deck logs available. Please see the
    Frequently Asked Questions section on NavSource's Main Page for that information.


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    This Page Created And Maintained By Mike Smolinski
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    by Paul R. Yarnall, All Rights Reserved.
    Page Last Updated: 04 April 2020