Please report any broken links or trouble you might come across to the Webmaster. Please take a moment to let us know so that we can correct any problems and make your visit as enjoyable and as informative as possible.


NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


Lost to enemy action, 27 February 1942

USS Langley (AV-3)
ex
USS Langley (CV-1) (1922 - 1937)
USS Jupiter (Collier #3) (1913 - 1922)


Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons



Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive, 27 February 1942)
Second Row - Mexican Service Medal - World War I Victory Medal (with Transport clasp)
- American Defense Service Medal (with Ship Service Clasp)
Third Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal

Individual Awards

Purple Heart (16 KIA 27 February 1942)
  • Laid down, 18 October 1911, at Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA.
  • Launched, 14 August 1912
  • Commissioned USS Jupiter (Collier #3), 7 April 1913, CDR. Joseph M. Reeves in command
  • Decommissioned, 24 March 1920, for conversion to an Aircraft Carrier at Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, VA.
  • Recommissioned USS Langley (CV-1), 20 March 1922
  • Modified and reclassified Seaplane Tender USS Langley (AV-3), 11 April 1937
  • Lost to enemy action, 27 February 1942, 75 miles south off Tjilatjap, Java. (Select this link to see a newspaper article that reported the sinking of Langley, Pecos and Peary)
    (Collier) Specifications:
    Displacement 19,360 t.
    Length 542'
    Beam 65'
    Draft 27' 8"
    Speed 15 kts.
    Complement 163
    Armament four 4"guns
    Propulsion steam, twin screws

    (CV and AV) Specifications:
    Displacement 11,500 t.
    Length 542'
    Beam 65'
    Speed 15 kts.
    Complement 468
    Armament four 5" guns
    Aircraft 55 (max)
    Propulsion steam, twin screws

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    USS Jupiter (Collier #3)
    Jupiter 145k Jupiter ceremonial keel laying (driving the first rivet) by Naval officers at Navy Yard Mare Island, 18 October 1911.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC3 001-10-11
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 160k Navy Yard Mare Island civilian workers finish riveting the keel of Jupiter after the ceremonial keel laying is completed, 18 October 1911.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC3 002-10-11
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 167k Jupiter ready for launching, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 14 August 1912
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 001-8-12
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 111k Jupiter ready for launching, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA., 14 August 1912
    US Navy photo # NH 94958 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Jupiter 208k Jupiter half way down the launching ways at Navy Yard Mare Island, Vallejo, CA., 14 August 1912
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 002-8-12
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 125k Jupiter launching, 24 August 1912, Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, CA.
    US Navy photo # NH 85940 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Jupiter 83k Jupiter immediately after her launching at Mare Island Navy Yard, 14 August 1912. The tug to the right is Unadilla and the boat aft of Unadilla is a commercial Vallejo to Mare Island ferry.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 005-8-12
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 92k Broadside view of Jupiter in the Mare Island Channel after launching, 14 August 1912. The tug alongside is Unadilla.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 007-8-12
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 119k Jupiter fitting out at Navy Yard Mare Island, 14 August 1912. The armored cruiser USS California is forward of Jupiter
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 008-8-12
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 141k One of Jupiter's boilers being lifted aboard for installation while fitting out at Navy Yard Mare Island, circa 1912-13.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 125k View of the coal handling equipment aboard Jupiter at Mare Island on 18 October 1913. The collier USS Ontario is inboard of Jupiter.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 479k Jupiter fitting out at Mare Island Navy Yard, 3 December 1912.
    US Navy photo courtesy Jim Milloholland via Alan Cole.
    Michael Mohl
    Jupiter 95k Jupiter fitting out at Mare Island Navy Yard, 1 January 1913
    US Navy photo # NH 69825 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center
    US Naval Historical Center
    Courtesy Donald M McPherson, 1969
    Jupiter 71k Jupiter fitting out at Mare Island Navy Yard, with Marblehead (C-11) alongside, circa 16-17 March 1913.
    Photo from "U.S. Warships of World War One", with permission of the author Paul H. Silverstone
    Robert Hurst
    Jupiter 145k USS Jupiter in the Mare Island Channel, 7 April 1913 (Commissioning Day). The collier USS Saturn is aft of Jupiter
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 001-4-13
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 157k USS Jupiter dry docked in Dry Dock # 2 at Navy Yard Mare Island in May 1913. The tug visible aft and the right of Jupiter is possibly Unadilla.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 002-09-13
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 137k USS Jupiter dry docked in Dry Dock # 2 at Navy Yard Mare Island, 17 May 1913, about a month after commissioning.
    US National Archives, RG-19-A-1, Photo No. 19-N-32-25-15
    Mike Green
    Jupiter 222k USS Jupiter at Mare Island Navy Yard between 18 and 31 July 1913. USS Ontario is aft of Jupiter: undergoing conversion to a repair ship. When completed in December 1914 Ontario would be renamed USS Prometheus. Note the bow of YW-16 visible forward of Jupiter.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # BK 622 10, Navy Photo 5351, 18-31 July 1913.
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 76k Broadside view of USS Jupiter with the tug Active alongside in the Mare Island Channel, 16 October 1913.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 002-10-13
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 85k USS Jupiter dry docked at Navy Yard Mare Island in Dry Dock # 2, 18 October 1913. YC-296 and YC-297 are under construction to the left of the dry dock.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC 3 002-9-13
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 112k USS Jupiter off Mare Island Navy Yard, 18 December 1913
    US Navy photo # NH 52365 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Jupiter 110k USS Jupiter anchored off Mare Island, 13 April 1913
    US Navy photo # NH 52366 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Jupiter 69k USS Jupiter departing Mare Island on 27 July 1914 with the tug Active on her port side. Note the gunboat USS Yorktown on the right, she was the Receiving Ship at Mare Island in 1914.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # AC3 002-7-14
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 75k USS Jupiter with booms rigged for coaling at Mare Island, circa 1913-1914.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 84k USS Jupiter fore and aft trolley rigged for coaling, circa 1913-1914.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 97k USS Jupiter coaling operating platform, circa 1913-1914.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 76k USS Jupiter circa 1916-17 prior to WWI
    US Navy photo # NH 92199 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center
    US Naval Historical Center
    Courtesy Thomas P Naughton, 1973
    Jupiter 149k Post card of USS Jupiter moored pierside, probably at Mare Island Navy Yard, sometime about the time of her completion in 1913. Robert M. Cieri
    Jupiter 62k USS Jupiter moored at a pier, date and location unknown.. Robert M. Cieri
    Buffalo 75k USS Jupiter moored in the background beyond USS Buffalo in the harbor at Gibraltar with USS Schley (Destroyer # 103), circa December 1918. Note that Schley is still wearing pattern camouflage, while Buffalo has been repainted into overall grey.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo #: NH 56643
    Robert Hurst
    Jupiter 84k USS Jupiter moored pierside, location unknown, probably circa 1918-1920 after World War I and prior to being decommissioned for conversion to an aircraft carrier. Note the naval aviation symbol painted on her bow.
    US Navy photo
    Robert M. Cieri
    USS Langley (AV-3)
    Langley 129k USS Langley (AV-3) at anchor following conversion to a seaplane tender in 1937
    US Navy photo # NH 63547 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Jupiter 90k Aerial view of USS Langley (AV-3) underway in February 1937, location unknown. US Navy photo
    Jupiter 294k A 1951 reprint of USS Langley (AV-3) underway shortly after her conversion, circa 1937, location unknown.
    Mare Island Naval Shipyard photo # 9105-5-51
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 139k A 1965 reprint of USS Langley (AV-3) underway shortly after her conversion, circa 1937, location unknown.
    Mare Island Naval Shipyard photo # 68780-6-65
    Darryl Baker
    Jupiter 212k Starboard bow view of USS Langley (AV-3) anchored at French Frigate Shoals in 1937.
    US Navy and Marine Corps Museum/Naval Aviation Museum, Photo No. 1996.488.010.047
    Mike Green
    Langley 54k USS Langley (AV-3) at Pearl Harbor, 29 July 1938. Following a four-month conversion period, the Navy's first carrier Langley was converted to a seaplane tender and reclassified as AV-3, 21 April 1937. She is seen here laden with aircraft and spares for the US Navy reconnaissance squadrons VP-1 and VP-18.
    US Navy photo # 410067 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Jupiter 51k "USS Langley (AV-3) arriving at New York, 29 April 1939 for the opening of the 1939-1940 Worlds Fair.. This appearance at New York was part of Langley's very brief Atlantic duty, running from February to July 1939, interrupting the long stretch of her career in the Pacific from 1924 until sunk in action 27 February 1942 south of Java."
    Text from Warships International No.3, 1986
    Photo submitted by Robert M. Cieri
    Text submitted by Michael Mohl
    Jupiter 111k USS Langley (AV-3) underway in New York harbor, circa 29 April 1939. Note the Mary Murray Class Staten Island Ferry in the background.. US Navy photo
    Jupiter 76k USS Langley (AV-3) underway with the assistance of a tug, date and location unknown. US Navy photo
    Jupiter 93k USS Langley (AV-3) leaving Pearl Harbor for the United States with a deck load of P2Y flying boats and a utility seaplane. Note the disassembled P2Y wings on the aft flight deck
    US Navy photo from "Aircraft Carriers", by Norman Polmar.
    Robert Hurst
    Langley 57k USS Langley (AV-3) at anchor, date and location unknown.
    US Navy photo from Our Navy magazine, 1 September 1943 issue.
    Robert M. Cieri
    Langley 72k USS Langley (AV-3) at anchor, date and location unknown.
    US Navy photo from Our Navy magazine, 1 September 1943 issue.
    Chester O. Morris
    Langley 61k USS Langley (AV-3) preparing to get underway while at Darwin, Australia, 19 February 1942. Langley sailed to Perth, Australia to load Army P-40s for delivery at Java. Japanese forces attacked Darwin sometime after Langley had departed that day. While at Darwin, Langley served as station ship for Patrol Wing TEN from 1 January to 11 February 1942. Note several Patrol Wing TEN PBY Catalina's anchored near the tender. Ron Reeves
    Langley 77k USS Langley (AV-3) being abandoned after receiving crippling damage from Japanese bombs, south of Java, 27 February 1942. USS Edsall (DD-219) is standing by off Langley's port side. Photographed from USS Whipple (DD-217).
    US Navy photo # NH 92472 courtesy Captain Lawrence E. Divoll, USN Ret, 1981.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Langley 278k A torpedo from the USS Whipple (DD-217) explodes against the side of USS Langley (AV-3) on 27 February 1942. Badly damaged by five bomb hits, the ship was scuttled to prevent her from falling into enemy hands.
    US Navy and Marine Corps Museum, Photo No. 1998.409.075
    Mike Green

    USS Jupiter / Langley (AC-3/ CV-1/ AV-3)
    DANFS history entry located at the US Naval History and Heritage Command
    Commanding Officers
    01CDR. Reeves, Joseph M.7 April 1913 - April 1914Collier #3
    02CAPT. Robison, Samuel Shelburne :RADM April 1914 - 8 August 1914Collier #3
    16CDR. Murray, George Dominic, USN30 May 1937 - 15 June 1939AV-3
    17CAPT. Davis, Arthur Cayley, USN :ADM15 June 1939 - 18 June 1940AV-3
    18CAPT. Wagner, Frank Dechant, USN18 June 1940 - 16 July 1941AV-3
    19CDR. McConnell, Robert Perche, USN :RADM16 July 1941 - 20 September 1941AV-3
    20CDR. Stump, Felix Budwell, USN :ADM20 September 1941 - 13 January 1942AV-3
    21CDR. McConnell, Robert P, USN :RADM13 January 1942 - 27 February 1942AV-3
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    Newspaper Account of the Sinking of Aircraft Tender AV-3 Langley Fleet Oiler AO-6 Pecos and Destroyer DD-226 Peary
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Service Ship Photo Index Back To The Collier (AC) Photo Index Back To The Seaplane Tender (AV) Photo Index Back To The Aircraft Carriers (CV) Photo Index
    Comments, Suggestions, E-mail Webmaster.
    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 24 October 2014