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NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive
USS Crater (AK-70)
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Xray - Tango - Xray
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal - Philippines Liberation Medal
Crater Class Cargo Ship
Laid down, 28 August 1942, as SS John James Audubon, a Maritime Commission type (EC2-S-C1) hull, under Maritime Commission contract (MCE 420) at Permanente Metals Corp., Yard #2, Richmond, CA.
Launched, 8 October 1942
Acquired by the US Navy, 22 October 1942
Commissioned USS Crater (AK-70), 31 October 1942, LCDR. Russell Dodd, USNR, in command
During World War II USS Crater was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater
Decommissioned, 25 June 1946
Transferred to the War Shipping Administration, 26 June 1947 for lay up in National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group, Benecia, CA.
Struck from the Naval Register, 23 June 1947
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 26 August 1974, at Suisun Bay, to Seangyong Trading Co., Ltd., Seoul, South Korea, Removed, October 1974, Scrapping completed, 30 March 1975
Displacement 4,023 t.(lt) 14,550 t.(fl)
Length 441' 6"
Beam 56' 11"
Draft 28' 4"
Speed 12.5 kts.
Cargo Capacity 7,800 DWT
non-refrigerated 444,206 Cu ft
Largest Boom Capacity 50 t.
one single 5"/50 cal dual purpose gun mount
one single 3"/50 cal dual purpose gun mount
two single 40mm AA gun mounts
six single 20mm AA gun mounts
NSFO 7,285 Bbls
one Joshua-Hendy vertical triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
two Babcock & Wilcox header-type boilers, 220psi 450°
Ship's Service Generators
three recip-drive 20Kw 120V D.C.
one turbo-drive 60Kw 120V D.C.
single propeller, 2,500shp
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For Full Size Image
||USS Crater (AK-70) under way in San Francisco Bay, 2 November 1942, soon after conversion for naval service.
US National Archives photo # 19-N-39663, a US Navy Bureau of Ships photo now in the collections of the US National Archives, courtesy Shipscribe.com.
||USS Crater (AK-70) anchored off Townsville, Queensland, Australia, 18 June 1943. Crater delivered cargo to
Efate and Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, and Noumea, New Caledonia before Townsville and sailed on to Wellington, New Zealand, arriving 28 June for maintenance and a
reload of cargo.
Australian War Memorial, Photo No. 302577
||USS Crater (AK-70) moored, date and location unknown.
Probably as US Navy photo. Contributed by Ken Passiak, for his father Alexander Passiak S/1c USS Crater 1944-46
||Ex-USS Crater (AK-70) moored ready for the breakers, date and location unknown.
USS Crater (AK-70)
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
|01||LCDR. Dodd, Russell||31 October 1942 - 10 November 1942|
|02||LCDR. Hansen, Howard Herman||10 November 1942 - September 1943|
|03||LCDR. Baldwin, James William||September 2943 - 6 October 1944|
|04||LCDR. Evey, Earle Llewllyn||6 October 1944 - 1 July 1945|
|05||LCDR. Borst, Lawrence William||1 July 1945 - 25 June 1946|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
MARAD Vessel History Database
Last Updated 27 May 2016
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|