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NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive

Satinwood (AN-76)

Satinwood was Lend-Lease to the United Kingdom as HMS Pretext (Z-284), later HMNZS Endeavour
Ailanthus Class Net Laying Ship:
  • Laid down, 1 May 1943, as Yard Net Tender Satinwood (YN-89) at American Car and Foundry Co., Wilmington, DE.
  • Reclassified Net Laying Ship (AN-76), 17 January 1944
  • Launched, 23 May 1944
  • Delivered to the Navy, 5 August 1944
  • Transferred under Lend Lease to the United Kingdom 5 August 1944
  • Commissioned as boom defense vessel HMS Pretext (Z-284)
  • Custody returned to the US Navy, 22 November 1945, at Norfolk, VA.
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 26 March 1946
  • Transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal
  • Sold, 20 July 1947 by the War Shipping Administration (WSA) to Falkland Island Dependencies Survey
  • Converted to a Survey Ship and renamed RRS John Biscoe
  • Renamed RRS Pretext, June 1956
  • Acquired by Royal New Zealand Navy, 15 August 1956
  • Refitted by John L Thornycroft and Co., Ltd, for Antarctic service
  • Commissioned HMNZS Endeavour
  • Decommissioned in 1962
  • Sold in June 1962 for commercial service to Mayhaven Shipping Co. refitted as a Sealer, renamed Arctic Endeavour
  • Final Disposition, 11 November 1982, sunk or foundered at Catalina, Newfoundland
    Displacement 1,460 t.(fl)
    Length 194' 6"
    Beam 37'
    Draft 13' 6"
    Speed 12.1 kts.
    Officers 4
    Enlisted 52
    one single 3"/50 cal dual purpose gun mount
    four twin 20mm AA gun mounts
    Largest Boom Capacity 12 t.
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 760 Bbls
    Ship's Service Generators
    two Diesel-drive 60Kw 120V D.C.
    two Busch-Sulzer BS-539 Diesel-electric engines
    single propeller, 1,200shp

    Click On Image
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    Size Image Description Contributed
    HMS Pretext (Z-284)
    Satinwood 82k HMS Pretext (Z-284), one of the five units of this class transferred to Britain under Lend Lease near the Philadelphia Navy Yard, 23 August 1944, soon after transfer. The former searchlight platform now holds a 20mm gun but remains at its original height.
    US National Archives RG-19-LCM photo # 19-N-72300, a US Navy Bureau of Ships photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    Mike Green
    Satinwood 43k Falkland Islands Dependencies survey ship RRS John Biscoe at Port Stanley, Falkland Islands, prior to being sold to the government of New Zealand in 1956. The photo is postmarked Port Stanley, 18 December 1957. Tommy Trampp.
    HMNZS Endeavour
    Satinwood 268k Antarctic Expedition ship HMNZS Endeavour, underway in Wellington harbor, New Zealand. Photograph taken in 1956 for The Evening Post Newspaper by an unidentified staff photographer. Negatives of the Evening Post newspaper. Ref: EP/1956/2952a-F. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. Robert Hurst
    Satinwood 240k Port side view of the Antarctic expedition ship HMNZS Endeavour under way in Wellington harbour, New Zealand.
    Photograph taken 1956 for The Evening Post by an unidentified staff photographer. Negatives of the Evening Post newspaper. Ref: EP/1956/2952b-F. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Robert Hurst
    Satinwood 54k HMNZS Endeavour underway off Southampton, England, en-route to New Zealand, circa 1957. Photo courtesy Messrs. John I. Thornycroft & Co. Ltd., Woolston, Southampton, England Robert Hurst
    Satinwood 44k HMNZS Endeavour at Scott Base, Antarctica after unloading modified Massey Ferguson tractors for the 1957 Kiwi Trans Antarctic expedition crew, led by Edmund Hillary, and assisted by Endeavour's crew, set about building Scott base, which was officially opened, 29 January 1957. Robert Hurst
    Satinwood 10k HMNZS Endeavour at Scott base, Antarctica. In the foreground are modified Massey Ferguson tractors of Edmund Hillary's team pulling sledges loaded with fuel and other supplies to establish supply depots for Dr. Vivian Fuchs and his party during their attempt to cross the Antarctic continent from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea via the South Pole.. Robert Hurst
    Satinwood 43k HMNZS Endeavour returning to her berth at Wellington, N.Z., date unknown. Photo Courtesy David J. Robertson, RNZN Communicators Association

    Satinwood (AN-76)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    Operation Deep Freeze, The New Zealand Story
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The Yard and District Craft Photo Index Back To The Service Force Ship Type Index Back To The Yard Net Tender (YN) Photo Index Back To Net Laying Ship (AN) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 17 June 2016