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NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive


Patch at left from the collections of the US Naval History and Heritage Command, patch at right contributed by Mike Smolinski

Contributed by Al Grazevich

USS Kaskaskia (AO-27)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Charlie - Tango - Bravo
NCTB
JANAP Tactical Voice Radio Call Sign - Book Case (D)elta - Section 6A of JANAP 119(F) 1968
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons




Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - China Service Medal (extended) - American Defense Service Medal (with Fleet clasp)
Second Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (10) - World War II Victory Medal
Third Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - National Defense Service Medal (2) - Korean Service Medal (7)
Fourth Row - Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (Cuba, Dominican Republic) - United Nations Service Medal - Republic of Korea War Service Medal (retroactive)


Cimarron Class Fleet Oiler
  • Laid down, 16 January 1939, as SS Esso Richmond, a Maritime Commission type, (T3-S2-A1) tanker hull, under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 11) at Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Newport News, VA.
  • Launched, 29 September 1939
  • Acquired by the Navy, 22 October 1940
  • Commissioned USS Kaskaskia (AO-27), 29 October 1940. CDR. Joseph W. Gregory in command
  • During WWII USS Kaskaskia was assigned to Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Gilbert Islands operation, 20 to 25 November 1943 Western Caroline Islands operation
    Capture and occupation of southern Palau Islands, 6 September to 14 October 1944
    Marshall Islands operation
    Occupation of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls, 29 January to 8 February 1944
    Occupation of Eniwetok Atoll, 17 February to 2 March 1944
    Leyte operation
    Luzon attacks, 15, 18 to 19 October and 20 to 25 November3 1944
    Asiatic-Pacific Raids-1944
    Truk attack, 16 to 17 February 1944
    Marianas attack, 21 to 22 February 1944
    Palau, Yap, Ulithi, Woleai raid, 30 March to 1 April 1944
    Luzon operation
    Formosa attacks, 3 to 4, 15 and 21 January 1945
    Luzon attacks, 6 to 7 January 1945
    China Coast attacks, 16 January 1945
    Nansei Shoto attack, 22 January 1945
    Marianas operation
    Capture and occupation of Saipan, 11 June to 10 August 1944
    3rd Bonins raid, 3 to 4 July 1944
    Capture and occupation of Guam, 12 July to 15 August 1944
    Okinawa Gunto operation
    5th & 3d Flt raids in support of Okinawa Gunto ops, 31 March to 12 June 1945
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 13 to 21 June 1945
    Tinian capture an occupation, 20 July to 10 August 1944 3rd Fleet operations against Japan, 10 to 20 July and 26 July to 14 August 1945

  • Between the end of World War II and the end of the Korean War USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East and China service for the following periods:

    Navy Occupation Service Medal

    China Service Medal (extended)
    2 to 10 November 194511 November 1945 to 27 April 1946
    14 June to 5 September 194614 June to 5 September 1946
    8 April to 15 June 19478 April to 15 June 1947
    1 to 19 August 194718 December 1947 to 21 June 1948
    18 December 1947 to 21 June 194810 April to 24 May 1949
    4 to 9 April 194919 January to 27 February 1951
    27 May to 11 June 194919 May to 23 June 1952
     29 June to 1 July 1952
     10 to 11 July 1952
     12 April 1954
     3 to 12 July 1954

  • During the Korean War USS Kaskaskia participated in the following campaigns:

    Korean War Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    North Korean Aggression
    19 October to 2 November 1950
    Korean Defense Summer-Fall 1952
    1 to 3 May 1952
    5 to 6 July 1952
    Communist China Aggression
    3 November to 24 December 1950
    Third Korean Winter
    1 to 13 January 1953
    28 January to 6 February 1953
    17 to 25 February 1953
    14 to 22 March 1953
    4 to 13 April 1953
    First UN Counter Offensive
    10 to 14 March 1951
    24 to 30 March 1951
    Korean Summer-Fall 1953
    6 to 12 June 1953
    20 to 26 June 1953
    Second Korean Winter
    23 January to 7 February 1952
    14 to 26 February 1952
    7 to 27 March 1952
    31 March to 15 April 1952
    19 to 30 April 1952
     

  • Decommissioned, 8 April 1955
  • Recommissioned, for service with the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS), 8 January 1957
  • Decommissioned, 21 October 1957
  • Transferred to the Maritime Administration, 2 December 1957, for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Beaumont, TX.
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 2 January 1959
  • Withdrawn for the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Beaumont, TX. for reactivation, 10 August 1961
  • Reacquired and reinstated on the Naval Register, 8 September1961
  • Recommissioned, 6 December 1961, at Hoboken, N.J., CAPT. John D. Howell USN, in command
  • Decommissioned in December 1969
  • Laid up in the Reserve Fleet
  • Struck from the Naval Register, date unknown
  • USS Kaskaskia earned nine battle stars for World War II and seven battle stars for Korean War service
  • Transferred to the Maritime Administration at Philadelphia, PA, for disposal, 17 April 1970
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 3 August 1970, Tung Ho Steel Enterprise Corp. Taiwan for $282,667.00 (PD-X-877), delivered, 9 December 1970
    Specifications:
    Displacement 7,470 t.(lt) 25,440 t.(fl)
    Length 553'
    Beam 75'
    Draft 32' 4"
    Speed 18.3 kts. (trial)
    Complement
    Officers 24
    Enlisted 248
    Largest Boom Capacity10 t.
    Armament
    one single 5"/38 cal dual purpose gun mount
    four 3"/50 cal dual purpose gun mounts
    three twin 40mm AA gun mounts
    four twin 20mm AA gun mounts
    Cargo Capacity
    Oil - 123,700 Bbs
    Gasoline - 788,000 Gals
    Fuel Capacity NSFO - 15,000 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two Newport News Shipbuilding Parsons-type geared turbines
    four Foster and Wheeler K-type, 450psi 750°
    double De Laval Main Reduction Gears
    two turbo-drive 400Kw 230V A.C. Ship's Service Generators
    twin propellers 13,500shp

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    Merchant Service
    Kaskaskia 83k Christening of SS ESSO Richmond by Mrs. Rose Kennedy and launching, 29 September 1939, at Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Newport News, VA. S. Dale Hargrave
    Kaskaskia 382k
    USS Kaskaskia (AO-27)
    Kaskaskia 091902701 45k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) under way and at anchor probably during acceptance trials, circa 1940, locations unknown.
    US Navy photos.
    Photos 091902718 and 091902721 courtesy Auke Vissar's Famous T-Tanker Pages
    Robert Hurst
    Kaskaskia 091902718 70k
    Kaskaskia 091902721 50k
    Kaskaskia 101k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) leaving Mare Island Navy Yard, 15 December 1941.
    US National Archives photo from "Gray Steel and Black Oil: Fast Tankers and Replenishment at Sea in the U.S. Navy 1912-1992", by Thomas Wildenburg
    Robert Hurst
    Kaskaskia 74k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) at anchor, date and location unknown.
    US Navy Photo, courtesy Auke Vissar's Famous T-Tanker Pages
    Robert Hurst
    Kaskaskia 88k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) near Mare Island Navy Yard, 28 September 1942. The 5"/51 and 3"/50 guns initially on the bow have been replaced by a 3"/50 gun and a 1.1" quadruple AA mount.
    US National Archives, RG-19-LCM. Photo # 19-N-35397, courtesy Shipscribe. com.
    Robert Hurst
    Kaskaskia 122k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) refueling USS Washington (BB-56) off Okinawa, date unknown.
    US Navy photo from "All Hands" magazine, November 1945 issue.
    Capt Jerry Mason USN
    Kaskaskia 33k Kaskaskia (AO-27), date and location unknown.
    US Navy photo
     
    Kaskaskia 158k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) takes green water over her deck, while refueling USS Enterprise (CV-6) in the Solomon Islands area, 18 August 1942. Note refueling hose in the right center, ready to be sent over to the carrier.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-14166, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Kaskaskia 136k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) refueling USS Baltimore (CA-68), date unknown. Auke Visserīs ESSO Tanker web site
    Kaskaskia 37k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27), refueling an unidentified escort carrier (CVE). The photo was taken from USS Hemminger (DE-746). The escort carrier is most likely USS Corregidor (CVE-58). Hemminger and Corregidor were two of the ships involved in the unsuccessful search for LT. Gen Millard F. Harmon, USAAF, whose plane disappeared between Kwajalein and Hawaii on February 26, 1945. Kaskaskia was also in the area at the time and arrived at Kwajalein on March 11, 1945. Robert E. Taylor
    Kaskaskia 51k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27), refueling USS Hemminger (DE-746), date and location unknown. Kaskaskia's camouflage scheme is measure 32 design 4AO. Photo taken from Hemminger (DE-746) Robert E. Taylor
    Kaskaskia 43k
    Kaskaskia 45k
    Kaskaskia 81k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27), refueling USS Hart (DD-594), 16 December 1944. Photographed from a blimp of squadron ZP-31n NAS Santa Ana, CA.. This was one of a series of experimental refuelings conducted by these two ships during 12-23 December 1944 to develop improved fueling at sea techniques.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-293946, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Kaskaskia 120k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27), and USS Hart (DD-594), separate, after refueling at sea, 23 December 1944. Photographed from a blimp of squadron ZP-31 from NAS Santa Ana, CA.. This was one of a series of experimental refuelings conducted by these two ships during 12-23 December 1944 to develop improved fueling at sea techniques. Hart's camouflage is Measure 31 Design 16d.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-294653, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Kaskaskia 116k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) and USS Hart (DD-594), refueling at sea, 23 December 1944. Photographed from a blimp of squadron ZP-31 from NAS Santa Ana CA.. This was one of a series of experimental refuelings conducted by these two ships during 12-23 December 1944 to develop improved fueling at sea techniques.
    Hart's camouflage is Measure 31 Design 16d.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-294654, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Kaskaskia 148k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) transferring mail via highline during an underway replenishment at sea with either a cruiser or a battleship, between Japan and Korea, circa spring 1951.
    Wire photo.
    Tommy Trampp
    Kaskaskia 112k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) probably at Pearl Harbor, 16 July 1953. Note the two 3"/50 guns forward, both on the centerline.
    US National Archives, RG-80-G. Photo # 80-G-1078418 a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives, courtesy Shipscribe. com.
    Robert Hurst
    Kaskaskia 84k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) under way in San Francisco Bay, 8 July 1957.
    Photo ©Allied Photographers of San Francisco.
    Robert M. Cieri
    Kaskaskia 60k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) at anchor in a Mediterranean port, circa 1963-65.
    US Navy Photo, courtesy Auke Vassar's Famous T-Tanker Pages
    Robert Hurst
    Kaskaskia 105k USS Kaskaskia (AO-27) circa the late 1960s. In this and some other oilers, the after replenishment stations were strengthened by providing heavier kingposts with angled tops, two to port and one to starboard. By now Kaskaskia's armament has been reduced to one 3"/50 forward and one aft.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command (UA-282). Photo # Unknown, courtesy Shipscribe. com.
    Robert Hurst


    For more photos and information about USS Kaskaskia, see:
  • Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
  • MARAD Vessel History Data Base

  • Commanding Officers
    01CDR. Gregory, Joseph Wesley29 October 1940 - 9 June 1941
    02CDR. Taylor, Walter Lucian9 June 1941 - 28 August 1943
    03CAPT. Acuff, Jasper Terry28 August 1943 - 22 May 1944
    04LCDR. Patten, William F.22 May 1944 - 30 April 1945
    05LT. Arthur, Thelbert D.30 April 1945 - 31 December 1945
    06CDR. Rice, Frederic C.27 January 1946 - 16 June 1946
    07CAPT. Stallings, George Bennett Haywood :RADM16 June 1946 - 2 August 1947
    08CAPT. Manville, Francis Crane2 August 1947 - 1 August 1948
    09CAPT. Henkel, John Fisher1 August 1948 - 20 August 1948
    10LCDR. Conboy, Charles Edward20 August 1948 - 2 October 1948
    11CAPT. Everett, Gordon Stafford :ADM2 October 1948 - 13 September 1949
    12CAPT. Fowler, Thomas Fletcher13 September 1949 - 28 August 1951
    13CDR. Thompson, Albert Clifford28 August 1951 - 22 September 1952
    14CAPT. Keating Jr., Robert Allen ;RADM 22 September 1952 - 7 November 1953
    15CAPT. House, Jr., Arthur Caswell 7 November 1953 - 8 April 1955
     Decommissioned 8 April 1955 - 8 January 1957
    16CDR. Ensey, Lyttleton Brockenbrough, (Lot) (Biography)8 January 1957 - 21 October 1957
     Decommissioned21 October 1957 - 6 December 1961
    17CAPT. Howell, John David6 December 1961 - 28 November 1962
    18CAPT. Bill Jr., Wells Rood28 November 1962 - 30 November 1963
    19CAPT. Issitt, Donald Keith30 November 1963 - 10 October 1964
    20CAPT. Ward, Charles William10 October 1964 - 15 October 1965
    21CAPT. Smith, Augustine Washington (Gus)15 October 1965 - 20 December 1966
    22CAPT. Eason, William Ralph20 December 1966 - 21 October 1967
    23CAPT. Kneuven, William, Her3man, USN21 October 1967 - 1968
    24CAPT. Kimmons, George Washington1968 - 19 December 1969
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    Fleet Tankers Association
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

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    Last Updated 16 December 2016