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NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive

USS Dorothea L. Dix (AP-67)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Echo - Quebec - Zulu
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (4)
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1) - World War II Victory Medal - Philippines Liberation Medal

Dorothea L Dix Class Transport:
  • Laid down as SS Exemplar a Maritime Commission type (C3-E) hull under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 102) at Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, MA.
  • Launched, 22 June 1940
  • Delivered and placed in service, 1 August 1940, by American Export Lines
  • Purchased by the War Shipping Administration and leased to Great Britain, 19 April 1941
  • Placed in service as the British Ministry of War Transport Empire Widgeon
  • Returned to the War Shipping Administration at New York, 17 April 1942, leased to American Export Lines
  • Purchased by American Export Lines, 9 May 1942
  • Acquired by the War Department, 14 August 1942
  • Acquired by the US Navy, 13 September 1942
  • Commissioned, USS Dorothea L Dix (AP-67), 17 September 1942, CAPT. Leo B. Schulten in command
  • During World War II USS Dorothea L. Dix was assigned first to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and later to the Asiatic Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaign
    North African occupation
    Algeria-Morocco landings, 8 to 11 November 1942
    Okinawa Gunto operation
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 1 to 8 May 1945
    Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1943  
    Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944  
    Invasion of Southern France, 15 August to 25 September 1944  

  • Decommissioned, 24 April 1946 at New York, N.Y, and returned to the Maritime Commission the same day
  • Returned to her owner, American Export Lines, renamed SS Exemplar
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 8 May 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 13 December 1968, to Aguilar y Peria , S.L., Spain
  • USS Dorothea L Dix earned five battle stars for World War II service
    Displacement 5.500 t.(lt) 12,580 t.(fl)
    Length 473'
    Beam 66'
    Draft 22' 5"
    Speed 17.5 kts.
    Cargo Capacity 1,400 DWT
    non-refrigerated 179,041 Cu. ft.
    Officers 38
    Enlisted 384
    Troop Accommodations
    Officers 92
    Enlisted 1,460
    four single 3"/50 dual purpose gun mounts
    two double 40mm gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    NSFO 12,660 Bbls
    Diesel 400 Bbls
    one Bethlehem steam turbine
    four Babcock and Wilcox header-type boilers, 495psi 750°
    double Falk Main Reduction Gears
    Ship's Service Generators
    one turbo-drive 300Kw 120V/240V D.C.
    three turbo-drive 150Kw 120V/240V D.C.
    single propeller, 8,000shp

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    Size Image Description Source
    USS Dorothea L. Dix (AP-67)
    Dorothea L Dix 161k

    Dorothea Lynde Dix born 4 April 1802 at Hampden, Maine, taught school as a young woman. In 1841 she began her well-known efforts to secure humane treatment of the mentally ill, instituting many reforms and advocating State care which later became a reality. She was superintendent of women nurses during the Civil War and continued her humanitarian work until her death 17 July 1887
    . Digital ID: cph 3a12244 Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs
    Bill Gonyo
    Dorothea L Dix 101k USS Dorothea L Dix (AP-67) moored at Norfolk, VA., 8 October 1942.
    US Navy photo from "US Amphibious Ships and Craft", by Norman Friedman.
    Robert Hurst
    Dorothea L Dix 403k USS Dorothea L Dix (AP-67) moored in Hampton Roads, probably, at the US Army Port of Embarkation Piers, Newport News, VA., 27 Ma y1943.
    US Army photo.
    Gerhard Mueller-Debus
    Dorothea L Dix 77k 171st Field Artillery and 179th Infantry, 45th Division, on Pier X, Newport News, about to embark for service overseas. USS Dorothea L Dix (AP-67), in the background.
    Official US Army photo produced by US Army Signal Corps, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, 4 June 1943. Photo now in the collections of the Library of Virginia. Image No. C1:2/05/074.
    The Library of Virginia, US Army Signal Corps Photograph Collection
    Dorothea L Dix 95k USS Dorothea L. Dix (AP-67) under way, 10 July 1943, the first day of the invasion of Sicily. A paravane is visible near the waterline about a third back from the bow.
    Photographed from Ancon (AGC-4). Note: the date 10 July 1943 is from the original caption. Since a full set of landing craft is embarked, it is possible that the photograph was taken earlier.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-215096, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Dorothea L Dix 59k A halftone reproduction of a photograph of USS Dorothea L. Dix (AP-67) taken during World War II, showing the ship in port.
    US Navy photo # NH 99114 copied from the book "Troopships of World War II", by Roland W. Charles, now in th collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Dorothea L Dix 53k USS Dorothea L. Dix (AP-67) at anchor, circa 1945, location unknown.
    US Navy photo # NH 86624, now in th collections of the US Naval Historical Center, courtesy of Donald M. McPherson, 1976.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Dorothea L Dix 611k Starboard aerial view of USS Dorothea L. Dix (AP-67) at sea, 17 April 1945 off the Pacific coast of the United States. by an airship from Airship Squadron Thirty-Three (ZP-33). The ship carries Measure 32/6t camouflage scheme.
    US National Archives, Photo # 80-G-320302, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives, courtesy of C. Lee Johnson.
    Mike Green
    Merchant Service American Export LInes
    Dorothea L Dix 338k Ex-USS Dorothea L. Dix (AP-67) as American Export Line's cargoliner SS Exemplar under way in the harbor at New York City, date unknown. Gerhard Mueller-Debus

    USS Dorothea L Dix (AP-67)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01CAPT. Schulten, Leo Byron USN (USNA 1920)17 September 1942 - ?
    02CAPT. Leahy, William Irving USN (USNA 1920) :RADMno dates
    03CAPT. Laffan, John James26 February 1945 - 24 April 1946

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

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    Last Updated 7 September 2018