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Prinz Eugen (IX-300)


German Cruiser (War Prize):
  • Laid down in 1936 at Krupp Germania Werft Yards, Kiel, Germany
  • Launched, 20 August 1938
  • Commissioned into the German Navy, 1 August 1940
  • Surrendered to British Forces at Copenhagen, Denmark, 7 May 1945
  • Acquired by US Navy, 13 January 1946
  • Placed in service as Prinz Eugen (IX-300) in January 1946
  • Used as a target for an atomic test at Bikini Atoll, 25 July 1946
  • Final Disposition, after being towed to Kwajalein began to list and capsized and sunk at Enubju, Kwajalein Atoll, 22 December 1946.
    Specifications:
    Displacement 19,250 t.(fl)
    Length 655'
    Beam 71'
    Draft 15
    Speed 32 kts.
    Complement (war-time) 830
    Armament
    eight 8" guns
    twelve 4.1" guns
    twelve 37mm guns
    twelve 21 " torpedo tubes
    Aircraft four aircraft, one catapult
    Propulsion steam turbines

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    KMS Prinz Eugen
    Prinz Eugen 104k KMS Prinz Eugen after launching at Krupp's Germania Werft Yard, Kiel, Germany, 20 August 1938. Note the conventionally stowed anchors and her coat of arms painted on her straight bow.
    Imperial War Museum photo from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 86k KMS Prinz Eugen at Krupp's Germania Werft Yard, Kiel, Germany, shortly before her completion.
    Photo by W. B. Bilddienst from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 167k The German battleship KMS Bismarck at sea en route to Norway, circa 19-20 May 1941, prior to her Atlantic sortie. Photographed from the heavy cruiser KMS Prinz Eugen.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 69721. Copied from the report of officers of Prinz Eugen, with identification by her Gunnery Officer, Paul S. Schmalenbach, 1970.
    Tommy Trampp
    Prinz Eugen 35k KMS Prinz Eugen in 1941, prior to Operation "Rheinubung" (KMS Bismarck's Atlantic Sortie). The spherical shields have not yet been fitted to the forward directors.
    Photo by Druppel from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 196k KMS Prinz Eugen in 1941, prior to Operation "Rheinubung". Note separate elevation to the 20.3 cm (8") SKC/34 guns, the left gun of 'Anton' turret is at maximum elevation, the right at maximum depression. In the background is Cap Arkona and astern of her is either Deutschland or Hansa, employed as accommodation ships.
    Photo Groner from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 61k KMS Prinz Eugen in 1941, arrives in Brest, France after "Rheinubung". Note the paint eroded by the action of the bow wave.
    Photo Bundesarchiv-Koblenz from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 97k An undated RAF photo recon image of KMS Prinz Eugen, with the repair ship KMS Huascaran alongside, undergoing temporary repairs to her stern in Lofjord, Near Trondheim, Norway, after escaping from Brest, France, and being torpedoed by HMS Trident (N-52) on 21 February 1942.
    Photos and text from "Looking Down on War: Axis Warships As Seen on Photos From Allied Intelligence Files" by Colonel Roy M. Stanley 11, USAF (Retd). Pen and Sword Maritime, Pen and Sword Books Ltd., 47 Church Street, Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ISBN 978 184884 471 1
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 141k Overhead view of KMS Prinz Eugen underway on a north-north-easterly course off the southwest coast of Norway. The photograph was taken on 17 May 1942. RAF photo-interpreters noted the squared-off stern, about 30 feet having been cut away after torpedo damage from the submarine HMS Trident (N-52) on 23 February 1942. An Arado 196 aircraft is visible amidships on the catapult.
    Photo Ref: AIR 34/744 from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 146k A RAF photo recon image of KMS Prinz Eugen moored ahead of the light cruiser KMS Emden (at right) at Gotenhafen (Gdynia) on 10 October 1943. The Swastika herald prominent on bow deck became a PI recognition key for Prinz Eugen for most of the war.
    Photos and text from "Looking Down on War: Axis Warships As Seen on Photos From Allied Intelligence Files" by Colonel Roy M. Stanley 11, USAF (Retd). Pen and Sword Maritime, Pen and Sword Books Ltd., 47 Church Street, Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ISBN 978 184884 471 1
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 106k An overhead RAF photo recon image of KMS Prinz Eugen tied up at the Germania yard, Kiel after having had a new stern fitted.
    Photos and text from "Looking Down on War: Axis Warships As Seen on Photos From Allied Intelligence Files" by Colonel Roy M. Stanley 11, USAF (Retd). Pen and Sword Maritime, Pen and Sword Books Ltd., 47 Church Street, Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ISBN 978 184884 471 1
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 46k KMS Prinz Eugen lying off Kiel, Germany in October 1942. A faint trace of a residual 'wave'-type camouflage pattern is just visible on the original print. Vierlings are fitted on 'B and 'C' turrets.
    Photo Groner from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 51k KMS Prinz Eugen at anchor, circa 1943 or 1944, location unknown. Note the faded camouflage paint.
    Photo Groner from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M. J. Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 97k An overhead RAF photo recon image of KMS Prinz Eugen underway in the Baltic sea off Gotenhafen (today Gdynia), 24 March 1945, four days before his last refugee trip.. Note the Kriegsmarine regarded their ships as being masculine rather than being feminine
    Photos and text from "Looking Down on War: Axis Warships As Seen on Photos From Allied Intelligence Files" by Colonel Roy M. Stanley 11, USAF (Retd). Pen and Sword Maritime, Pen and Sword Books Ltd., 47 Church Street, Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ISBN 978 184884 471 1
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 276k Photo of ship model of KMS Prinz Eugen by Trumpeter, dated 1945. Tommy Trampp
    Prinz Eugen 12k KMS Prinz Eugen prior to acquisition by the US Navy.
    US Navy photo from DANFS
    Joe Radigan MACM USN Ret.
    Prinz Eugen 191k
    A US Navy photo from "Looking Down on War: Axis Warships As Seen on Photos From Allied Intelligence Files" by Colonel Roy M. Stanley 11, USAF (Retd). Pen and Sword Maritime, Pen and Sword Books Ltd., 47 Church Street, Barnsley, South Yorkshire. ISBN 978 184884 471 1
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen (IX-300)
    Prinz Eugen 99k Prinz Eugen (IX-300) arriving at Boston, 26 January 1946 Tommy Trampp
    Prinz Eugen 36k Prinz Eugen (IX-300) arriving at Boston, 26 January 1946 Joseph M. Lobo, CM2/c, USCG, and Jordynne Olivia Lobo, AG3, USNR
    Prinz Eugen 36k Prinz Eugen (IX-300) arriving at Boston, 26 January 1946 Joseph M. Lobo, CM2/c, USCG, and Jordynne Olivia Lobo, AG3, USNR
    Prinz Eugen 76k Prinz Eugen (IX-300) moored at Boston Naval Shipyard, early 1946. Note USS LSM-486 nested with several additional LSMs in the background at a nearby pier. George M. French
    Prinz Eugen
    BUSHIPS 114284
    597k Fore and aft views of Prinz Eugen (IX-300) moored at Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, February 1946. Her two guns from turret number one were removed while at Philadelphia.
    US Navy Bureau of Ships photo #114284 and #114285.
    David Buell
    Prinz Eugen
    BUSHIPS 114285
    585k
    Prinz Eugen 617k Aerial port bow view of Prinz Eugen (IX-300) sailing from Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, 10 March 1946.
    Naval Shipyard Philadelphia photo # 377-46-19
    Ingo Bauernfeind via Robert M. Cieri
    Prinz Eugen 84k Prinz Eugen (IX-300) underway bound for the Pacific and the atomic bomb trials. Points to note are the removal of the 20.3cm guns from "A" turret, the starboard flak director, as is most of the light flak guns and directors. Gone too is the main range-finder on the conning tower where special test equipment has been installed.
    US Navy photo from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M J Whitley.
    Robert Hurst
    Prinz Eugen 68k Prinz Eugen (IX-300) at anchor in 1946, awaiting atomic bomb trials. On the main range-finder at the top of the superstructure can be seen the massive mattress aerial of the Fu MO26 radar. At the foretop is the small Fu Mo81 Berlin-S aerial. On the mainmast platform is the Fu Mo25 aerial and on the front port side of the flak control platform can be seen the one of the Sumatra radar-detection dipoles.
    US Navy photo from "German Cruisers of World War Two", by M J Whitley.
    Robert Hurst

    Prinz Eugen (IX-300)
    DANFS history entry located at the US Naval History and Heritage Command
    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    Prinz Eugen
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    Last Updated 28 March 2014