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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

Duc de Lauzun


Former British Customs Ship:
  • Purchased in October 1782 at Dover, England
  • Outfitted in Nantes, France in January 1873 for use in the Continental Navy, LT. S. Nicholson in command
  • Duc de Lauzun was dispatched from Philadelphia in January 1783, to bring home 72,000 Spanish milled dollars from Havana for the American Government
  • Escorted by the Continental frigate Alliance she sailed for home, 6 March
  • The two ships encountered two British men-of-war whom they evaded after a sharp engagement
  • Duc de Lauzun arrived safely 21 March 1783 at Philadelphia with her precious cargo
  • Duc de Lauzun was lent to France in April 1783 to carry home French troops
  • Sold in France
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
    Specifications:
    Displacement unknown
    Length unknown
    Beam unknown
    Depth unknown
    Draft unknown
    Speed unknown
    Complement unknown
    Armament unknown
    Propulsion sail

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    Duc de Lauzun 26k
    Namesake

    Armand Louis de Gontaut, Duc de Lauzun, later duc de Biron, and usually referred to by historians of the French Revolution simply as Biron (13 April 1747 – 31 December 1793) was a French soldier and politician, known for the part he played in the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars. In 1773, he was Grand second warden of Grand Orient de France. After raising an army of volunteer hussars and infantry, subsequently known as Lauzun's Legion, for service in North America. He arrived with 600 of his men in Rhode Island; the remainder were in France, prevented from leaving. Despite having only a portion of his force, he engaged in several active skirmishes, including one near Gloucester, Virginia on 4 October 1781.
    In 1781, he took an important part in the American War of Independence by being the advance party of the main French army of Rochambeau sent to reinforce General George Washington at the Siege of Yorktown in 1781. Lauzun's Legion left their winter quarters in Lebanon, Connecticut on 9 June 1781 and marched south through Connecticut known as the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route. Their main function was to be an advance party but also to remain ten to fifteen miles south of the main army to protect the flank against any British located in the many Tory towns in lower Fairfield County. While in Connecticut, the French made camps in Middletown, Wallingford, North Haven, Ripton and North Stratford. They arrived at North Stratford, now Nichols on 28 June and stayed for two days.[5] From the hilltop in North Stratford, now Abraham Nichols Park, one could easily see for seventy miles past Long Island Sound to New York and beyond. The French used this time to spy on British ships in New York harbor. After the successful campaign at Yorktown and subsequent British surrender, Lauzun returned to France a hero and was made maréchal de camp.[2]
    Tommy Trampp

    USS Duc de Lauzun
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 13 January 2017