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Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. The general survived with the loss of an arm to amputation, but died of complications from pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public. Jackson in death became an icon of Southern heroism and commitment, becoming a mainstay in the pantheon of the "Lost Cause".
Military historians consider Jackson to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in U.S. history. His Valley Campaign and his envelopment of the Union Army's right wing at Chancellorsville are studied worldwide even today as examples of innovative and bold leadership. He excelled as well in other battles: the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) where he received his famous nickname "Stonewall"; the Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas); and the battles of Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Jackson was not universally successful as a commander, however, as displayed by his late arrival and confused efforts during the Seven Days Battles around Richmond in 1862.
|96k||Sepia wash drawing by R.G. Skerrett, 1904 of CSS Stonewall Jackson. This ship is an example of a "cotton-clad" gunboat.
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 57825, courtesy of the Navy Art Collection, Washington, DC
|95k||Line engraving published in "The Soldier in Our Civil War", Volume I. depicts USS Varuna in the center, being rammed by a Confederate ship identified as "Breckinridge" (at left) while engaging CSS Governor Moore (at right) during the battle off Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862.
The side-wheel steamer identified here as "Breckinridge" (General Breckinridge), is more probably CSS Stonewall Jackson.
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 59077
|US Naval History and Heritage Command|
|284k||CSS Stonewall Jackson Confederate Navy Ship cover for a group of Civil War Ships. Cover is pictorially postmarked at Sharpsburg, MD, 15 September 2012. Blue drawing of the vessel on cachet #4601 by Alvin Eckert, USCS #9964. Cover franked with 45 cent New Orleans stamp (Sc# 4664-65).||Tommy Trampp|
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