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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS Leonard Wood (APA-12)
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USS Leonard Wood (AP-25) (1941 - 1943)
USAT Leonard Wood (1939 - 1941)


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Whiskey - Lima - Papa
NWLP
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons




Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive)
Second Row - Navy Unit Commendation - American Defense Service Medal (with Fleet clasp) - American Campaign Medal
Third Row - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (2) - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (6) - World War II Victory Medal
Fourth Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippines Liberation Medal (2)



USS Leonard Wood was manned by the US Coast Guard during World War II

Harris Class Transport:
  • Laid down in 1921 as SS Nutmeg State under a United State Shipping Board (USSB) contract at Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp, Sparrows Point, MD.
  • Entered commercial service, 9 May 1922
  • Renamed SS Western World, date unknown
  • Purchased by the War Department in 1939
  • Renamed USAT Leonard Wood
  • Acquired by the Navy, 3 June 1941
  • Commissioned USS Leonard Wood (AP-25), 10 June 1941, CDR. H. G. Bradbury, USCG in command
  • Reclassified Attack Transport (APA-12), 1 February 1943
  • During World War II USS Leonard Wood was first assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle Theater and later to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    TransRon Eleven (flagship) COMO. D. W. Loomis USN (13);
    TransDiv Thirty-One and participated in the following campaigns:

    Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaign
    North African occupation
    Algeria-Morocco landings, 8 to 11 November 1942
    Gilbert Islands operation
    16 November to 2 December 1943
    Sicilian Occupation
    9 to 15 July 1943
    Marshall Islands operation
    Occupation of Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls, 31 January to 8 February 1944
    Occupation of Eniwetok Atoll, 17 to 25 February 1944
      Marinas operation
    Capture and occupation of Saipan, 15 to 24 June 1944
      Western Caroline Islands operation
    Capture and occupation of southern Palau Islands, 6 September 14 October 1944
      Leyte operations
    Leyte landings, 13 to 31 October and 19 to 29 November 1944
      Luzon operations
    Lingayen Gulf landings, 9 January 1945

  • Following World War II USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) was assigned to Occupation service from 24 November t o5 December 1945
  • Decommissioned, 22 March 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 12 April 1946
  • Returned to the Army pending transfer to the Maritime Commission
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 20 June 1948, to Consolidated Builders Inc.
  • USS Leonard Wood earned eight battle stars and the Navy Unit Commendation for World War II service
    Specifications:
    Displacement 13,529 t.(lt) 21,900 t.(fl)
    Length 535'
    Beam 72'
    Draft 31' 3"
    Speed 17.6 kts.
    Complement
    Officers 67
    Enlisted 657
    Troop Accommodations
    Officers 117
    Enlisted 1,809
    Flag Accommodations
    Officers 43
    Enlisted 108
    Largest Boom Capacity 30 t.
    Cargo Capacity 1,700 DWT
    non-refrigerated 150,000 Cu ft
    Armament
    four single 3"/50 cal gun mounts
    one quad 40mm AA gun mount
    one twin 40mm AA gun mount
    sixteen single 20mm AA gun mounts
    Fuel Capacities
    NSFO 25,720 Bbls
    Diesel 375 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two Bethlehem Curtis type turbines
    eight Yarrow header-type boilers, 265psi 465°
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    Ship's Service Generators
    one turbo-drive 300Kw 120V D.C.
    one turbo-drive 250Kw 120V D.C.
    one turbo-drive 100Kw 120V D.C.
    two propellers, 10,000shp

    Click On Image
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    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    USAT Leonard Wood
    Leonard Wood 42k
    Namesake

    Leonard Wood was born 9 October 1860 at Winchester, N.H. After graduating from Harvard Medical School in 1884, he was commissioned assistant surgeon in the Army Medical Corps 5 January 1886. That summer he distinguished himself in the Apache campaign and was later awarded the Medal of Honor for voluntarily carrying “dispatches through a region infested with hostile Indians, making a journey of 70 miles in 1 night and walking 30 miles the next day. Also for several weeks while in close pursuit of Geronimo’s band and constantly expecting an encounter, he commanded a detachment of infantry....”
    Promoted to captain in 1891, he was assigned to Washington, D.C., where he met Theodore Roosevelt and became President McKinley’s personal physician. With the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Wood joined Roosevelt in organizing the “Rough Riders” and commanded the regiment. Immediately after the war, Wood became military governor of Santiago Province, then, from December 1899 to March 1902. Governor-General of Cuba. He restored order to that troubled island and established educational, political, and sanitary systems. Wood next used his skill as an administrator pacifying the Maro Province of the Philippines which he governed from 1903 to 1906. Promoted to major general in August 1903. Wood commanded the Philippine Division from 1906 to 1908. As Army Chief of Staff from 1910 to 1914, he reorganized the War Department and prepared the Army for the challenge of World War II. He was a leading candidate for the Republican nomination for president in 1920. In 1921 President Harding appointed Wood Governor-General of the Philippine Islands. He remained at that post until his death 7 August 1927.
    Digital ID: cph 3a53063 Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
    Bill Gonyo
    Leonard Wood 50k USAT Leonard Wood, date and location unknown. Tom Kermen
    Leonard Wood 65k USAT Leonard Wood, in the Panama Canal Zone, May 1941 M/Sgt M.L. McCormick, USAF Ret
    Leonard Wood 51k USAT Leonard Wood at Ketchikan Alaska, circa 1941 Joe Stevens
    Kodiak Alaska Military History web site
    Leonard Wood 542k USAT Leonard Wood underway, date and location unknown. "They say there's a troopship a 'leavin' Bombay..." In this moment from her Army troopship days, Leonard Wood captured the spirit of that British soldiers' song.
    US Army Military History Institute photo. Photo and text from "U.S. Army Ships and Watercraft of World War II", by Donald H. Grover
    Robert Hurst
    USS Leonard Wood (AP-25)
    Leonard Wood 72k USS Leonard Wood (AP-25) underway, 12 September 1942, after a refit, with changes marked. They included a lattice radar mast forward and extra 20mm AA gun mounts, visible aft. She also shows triple Welin davits, carrying boats outboard.
    US Navy photo from "US Amphibious Ships and Craft", by Norman Friedman.
    Robert Hurst
    Leonard Wood 112k USS Leonard Wood (AP-25) in Hampton Roads, 12 September 1942. Additions made in a recent shipyard overhaul are circled. This ship and USS Joseph T. Dickman (AP-26), at upper left, were the only transports of this class to have only three goalpost masts while in Naval service. APA 12-17 and AP 42-43 all received four Welin triple davits per side during their initial conversion or soon thereafter.
    US National Archives, RG-19-LCM photo # 19-N-34527. A US Navy Bureau of Ships photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    Mike Green
    USS Leonard Wood (APA-12)
    Joseph T. Dickman 75k Port side view of USS Joseph T. Dickman (APA-13) class camouflage Measure 32 Design 14T.
    US Navy Bureau of Ships photo from "U.S. Amphibious Ships and Craft" by Norman Friedman.
    Robert Hurst
    Leonard Wood 520k USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) underway, 28 April 1944. This aerial view shows the fine lines of her pre-war construction. Robert Hurst
    Leonard Wood 110k USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) underway, starboard bow view, 28 April 1944, off the coast of southern California. Her paint is camouflage scheme 32/4T.
    US Navy photo # 6206 US Naval Air Station, San Pedro, CA.
    Mike Green
    Leonard Wood 45k USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) in San Francisco Bay, circa late 1945 early 1946. Photo Courtesy Ben Webster in honor of his brother, Duane Kenneth Webster USS Leonard Wood US Coast Guard Historian's Office

    USS Leonard Wood (AP-25 / APA-12)
    DANFS history entry located at the US Naval History and Heritage Command
    Commanding Officers
    01CDR. Bradbury, Harold Gardner :RADM< (USCG)10 June 1941 - 26 March 1942
    02CDR. Zoole, E. (USCG)26 March 1942 - 1 October 1942
    03CAPT. O'Neill, Merlin :VADM (USCG)1 October 1942 - 29 April 1944
    04CAPT. Perkins, Henry Crawford :RADM (USCG)29 April 1944 - 8 November 1944
    06CDR. Schmidtman, Richard Dittrich :RADM (USCG)December 1945 - 22 March.1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    MARAD Vessel History Database
    U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office - USS Leonard Wood (AP-25 / APA-12)
    Crew Contact and Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    USS Leonard Wood Association
    Mr. Gene Hoski USS Leonard Wood Association President
    49522 Main Drive Plymouth, MI. 48170
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 20 September 2014