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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive


Patches contributed by Russ Padden

USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14)
ex
USS Hunter Liggett (AP-27) (1941 - 1943)
USAT Hunter Liggett (1939 - 1941)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Whiskey - Golf - Delta
NWGD
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive - 8 NOV 43) - American Defense Service Medal (with Fleet clasp)
Bottom Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (4) - World War II Victory Medal



USS Hunter Liggett ex US Army Transport manned by the US Coast Guard during World War II
Harris Class Transport:
  • Laid down in 1921, as SS Palmetto State under a US Shipping Board (USSB) contract at by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp, Sparrow Point, MD.
  • Entered commercial service, 25 February 1922
  • Renamed SS Pan American, date unknown
  • Acquired by the War Department in February 1939 for conversion to a troopship
  • Commissioned USAT Hunter Liggett, date unknown
  • Transferred to the US Navy, 27 May 1941
  • Converted to a Naval Transport at Brooklyn Navy Yard
  • Commissioned USS Hunter Liggett (AP-27), 9 June 1941, CAPT. Louis W. Perkins, USCG, in command
  • Reclassified Amphibious Attack Transport (APA-14), 1 February 1943
  • During WWII USS Hunter Liggett was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    TransRon Ten
    TransDiv One (flagship), CAPT. B. Bartlett USN (22) and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Guadalcanal-Tulagi landings, 7 to 9 August 1942 Consolidation of the Solomon Islands
    Consolidation of the southern Solomon Islands, 7 April 1943
    Capture and defense of Guadalcanal, 4 November 1942 Treasury-Bougainville operation
    Occupation and defense of Cape Torokina, 1 and 13 November 1943

  • Decommissioned, 18 March 1946, at Olympia, WA.
  • Returned to the War Department
  • Returned, 6 September 1946, to the Maritime Commission for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet Olympia, WA.
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 28 March 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping to Boston Metals Co., Baltimore, MD., 30 January 1948
  • USS Hunter Liggett received four battle stars for World War II service
    Specifications:
    Displacement 13,529 t.(lt) 21,900 t.(fl)
    Length 534'
    Beam 72'
    Draft 31' 3"
    Speed 15 kts.
    Complement
    Officers 52
    Enlisted 673
    Troop Capacity
    Officers 107
    Enlisted 1417
    Staff Accommodations
    Officers 12
    Enlisted 33
    Largest Boom Capacity 22 t.
    Cargo Capacity 1,900 DWT
    non-refrigerated 140,000 cu. ft.,
    Armament
    three single 3"/50 cal dual purpose gun mounts
    two quad 1.1" AA gun mounts replaced with two twin 40mm AA gun mounts
    ten twin 20mm AA gun mounts
    Boats
    two LCM
    thirty-three LCVP
    Fuel Capacities
    NSFO 25,720 Bbls
    Diesel 375 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two Bath Iron Works Curtiss-type steam turbines
    eight Yarrow header-type boilers, 265psi Sat°
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    Ship's Service Generators
    one 300Kw 120V D.C.
    one 150Kw 120V D.C.
    one 200Kw 120V D.C.
    two propellers, 12,000shp

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    USAT Hunter Liggett
    Hunter Liggett 122k
    Namesake

    Hunter Liggett was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, on March 21, 1857. In 1879 he graduated from West Point and was assigned as a second lieutenant in the Fifth Infantry. He served in the Montana Territory, Dakota Territory, Texas and Florida, advancing to first lieutenant in June 1884. On 19 October 1894, 1LT Liggett arrived at Fort McPherson along with the regimental headquarters of the 5th Infantry. He served as the Post Adjutant until 25 April 1896 at which time he took command of Company D, 5th Infantry. He was promoted to Captain in June 1897 and left the post when the entire 5th Infantry departed for the Spanish-American War. In June 1898 he was promoted to Major and adjutant general of volunteers for service in Cuba, and the following year was sent to the Philippines with the 31st Infantry Volunteers. In June 1901 he was mustered out of volunteer service and was promoted to major of regulars in May 1902 and lieutenant colonel in June 1909. Following Army War College graduation in 1910, he became president of the War College. The next year he took command of the 4th Brigade, 2nd Division at Texas City, Texas. He returned to the Philippines in 1916 in command of the Provisional Infantry Brigade and of Fort William McKinley. He served as commander of the Department of the Philippines from April 1916 to April 1917 when he was named commander of the Western Department in San Francisco. In August 1917 he took command of the 41st Division at Camp Fremont (Calif.) and deployed with the unit to France. When General Pershing ordered that the first American army corps be formed in January 1918, he placed General Liggett in command. The corps participated in the battles of Cantigny and Belleau Woods, as well as in the defense and offensive operations of the second Marne campaign in July and August. In October 1918 General Pershing relinquished to Lt. Gen. Liggett command of the First Army with its one million soldiers. He remained in command of the First Army until its inactivation in April 1919 when he moved to command the Third Army in occupation duty. Among his many decorations, General Liggett received the Distinguished Service Medal "For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services as commander of the 1st army of the American expeditionary forces. He commanded the 1st corps and perfected its organization under difficult conditions of early service in France, engaged in active operations in reduction of the Marne salient and of the St. Mihiel salient, and participated in the actions of the forest of Argonne. He was in command of the 1st army when the German resistance was shattered west of the Meuse." Upon his return to the United States he commanded the IX Corps area headquartered in San Francisco. General Liggett retired in March 1921 and in June 1930 was promoted to lieutenant general on the retired list by act of Congress. LTG Liggett died in San Francisco on December 30, 1935. Fort Hunter Liggett was named after Lt. Gen. Hunter Liggett (1857-1935), who served as General Pershing's chief of staff as well as the commanding general of First Army and Third Army. The post was originally designated Hunter Liggett Military Reservation in 1941. It consists of approximately 165,000 acres and lies about 22 miles southwest of King City and about 70 miles south of the Presidio of Monterey and the Naval Post Graduate School. It consists of varied terrain that ranges from level valleys and gentle hills, to steep, Rocky Mountains. Its mission is to provide areas for maneuvers, live firing of small arms and armor, fitness and survival training, and training for the Army Reserve. Fort Hunter Liggett was originally the summer ranch of William Randolph Hearst. Some of the buildings currently being used by the Garrison are from the original Hearst Milpitas Ranch. The Hacienda currently on the National Register of Historic Places serves as the Guesthouse and the Community Club. Also located on the fort is the La Cueva Pintada (The Painted Cave). The site also contains a number of original Indian paintings and other significant historical items. The USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) was one of the three largest attack transports in the Amphibian Force during World War II. It carried 35 landing boats and 2 tank lighters, along with 51 officers and a crew of 634. It was operated by the U.S. Coast Guard.
    Digital ID: ggbain 16581 Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
    Bill Gonyo
    Hunter Liggett 107k USAT Hunter Liggett underway, date and place unknown. Richard Leonhardt
    Hunter Liggett 54k USAT Hunter Liggett, at Panama, circa 1939-40 M/Sgt. M.L. McCormick, USAF Ret
    Hunter Liggett 100k USAT Hunter Liggett, circa 3 February 1941, while taking part in fleet landing exercises in the Caribbean. Note Higgens-type landing craft on her deck, just aft of the midships superstructure, and U.S. flag painted on her hull side as a neutrality marking. US National Archives photo # 80-G-466193, a US Navy photo, now in the collections of the US National Archives. US Naval Historical Center
    Hunter Liggett 483k USAT Hunter Liggett underway, date and location unknown. The Army operated Hunter Liggett for two years before she transferred to the Navy on 27 May 1942. During her Army time she participated in several amphibious exercises that demonstrated how ill-prepared both services were to effect over-the-beach landings.
    US. Army Military History Institute photo from "U.S. Army Ships and Watercraft of World War II", by Donald H. Grover
    Robert Hurst
    Hunter Liggett 93k USAT Hunter Liggett moored pierside, date and location unknown. Tommy Trampp
    USS Hunter Liggett (AP-27)
    Hunter Liggett 62k USS Hunter Liggett (AP-27), circa 1942. She is wearing camouflage Measure 12R.
    US Navy photo # NH 86976, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center, courtesy of Donald M. McPherson, 1978.
    US Naval Historical Center
    USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14)
    Hunter Liggett 109k USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14), conducting amphibious operations, circa 1943-44.
    US National Archives photo # 26-G-06-17-44(1), from the US Coast Guard Collection in the US National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Hunter Liggett 87k USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14), at anchor circa 1943-45
    US National Archives photo # 26-G-3337, from the US Coast Guard Collection in the US National Archives.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Hunter Liggett 95k Broadside view of USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) of San Francisco, 29 March 1944.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # 2036.
    Darryl Baker
    Hunter Liggett 79k Stern view of USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) of San Francisco, 29 March 1944.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # 2039.
    Darryl Baker
    Hunter Liggett 83k Bow on view of USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) of San Francisco, 29 March 1944.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # 2040.
    Darryl Baker
    Hunter Liggett 97k Aft plan view of USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) at San Francisco, 1 April 1944.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # 2087.
    Darryl Baker
    Hunter Liggett 94k Forward plan view of USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) at San Francisco, 1 April 1944.
    Navy Yard Mare Island photo # 2088.
    Darryl Baker
    Hunter Liggett 60k USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) probably during amphibious training operations in the San Diego area, circa second half of 1944.
    US National Archives photo # Photo No. 26-G-1781 a US Coast Guard photo from the Office of the US Coast Guard Historian.
    Mike Green
    Hunter Liggett 155k USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) underway, probably while serving as an amphibious training ship in the San Diego area,, circa April to December 44. Note the "Smoker" in progress. John Rubin for his father CPhM Seldon L. Rubin USS Hunter Liggett
    Hunter Liggett 70k USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14), circa 1945-46. The gun at her bow has been removed, indicating that the view was taken after the end of World War II.
    US Navy photo # NH 78567, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Hunter Liggett 569k Outboard and inboard profiles of USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) as of May 1945.
    Illustration from "U.S. Amphibious Ships and Craft" by Norman Friedman.
    Robert Hurst
    Hunter Liggett 146k Deck plan for USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14) as of May 1945.
    Illustration from "U.S. Amphibious Ships and Craft" by Norman Friedman.
    Robert Hurst

    USS Hunter Liggett (APA-14)
    DANFS history entry located at the US Naval History and Heritage Command
    Commanding Officers
    01CAPT. Perkins, Louis Waite :RADM (USCG)9 June 1941 - 21 May 1943
    02CAPT. Patch, Roderick Segley (USCG)21 May 1943 - 20 July 1945
    03CAPT. Paden, Clarence C. (USCG)20 July 1945 - 19 march 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
    U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office - USS Hunter Liggett, AP-27 / AP-14
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    Last Updated 20 September 2014