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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Zulu - Quebec - Quebec
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (2) - World War II Victory Medal
USS LST-178 was transferred to the United Kingdom and later sold to Egypt
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 6 February 1943, at Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co., Evansville, IN.
Launched, 23 May 1943
Commissioned USS LST-178, 21 June 1943
During World War II USS LST-178 served in the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following actions/campaigns:
European-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|Convoy UGS-36, April 1944
||Invasion of southern France
August and September 1944
Decommissioned and transferred to the Royal Navy, 24 December 1944
Royal Navy History
Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-178, 24 December 1944
HM LST-178 sailed from Patras, Greece, 24 February 1945, loaded with Army personnel and vehicles bound for Corfu. Damaged by two explosions the same day - One explosion to port forward followed almost immediately by an explosion on the port side aft. Although badly damaged with shell plating caved in, her port rudder blown off and a damaged port propeller, LST-178 remained afloat and steamed back to Patras.
After patching up the damage she was declared a total loss and towed to Egypt
Decommissioned from the Royal Navy, 28 May 1945,
Handed over to Egypt in November 1946, named Aka
Sunk by British air strike during the Suez crisis, 1 November 1956, while being prepared for scuttling as blockship near Lake Timsah. Refloated in February 1957, beached and abandoned.
Struck from the US Naval Register, 22 January 1947
USS LST-178 earned two battle stars for World War II service
Specifications: (as reported by Office of Naval Intelligence-1945)
Displacement 1,625 t.(lt), 4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
Length 328' o.a.
(light) - 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
(sea-going) 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
(landing) 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
Speed 12 kts. (maximum)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
7 officers, 104 enlisted
16 officers, 147 enlisted
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Propulsion two General Motors 12-567, 900hp diesel engines, two shafts, twin rudders
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
| USS LST-178
||Four LSTs, (right to left) USS LST-178 USS LST-74, unidentified, and USS LST-656 load out at Bagnoli, Italy, 8 August 1944, for the upcoming invasion of southern France.
US National Archives photo # III-SC-193359, Box 225 a US Army Signal Corps photo, by Lapidus, now in the collections of the US National Archives.
||As many as eight LSTs ready for transfer to the United Kingdom tied up at Bizerte, Tunisa in December 1944. Included are USS LST-178 and USS LST-358 (This ship could also possibly be USS LST-351).
||Bob Rutter, photo by his grandfather CAPT. Anthony Kohout Jr.
||Ex-USS LST-178, ex-HM LST-178 underway in Egyptian Naval service as Aka.
Official Egyptian Navy photo from "Jane's Fighting Ships 1956-57".
DANFS history entry located at the US Naval History and Heritage Command
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Fleet Reserve Association
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 23 October 2009
This page created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|