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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Kilo - Xray - Zulu
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - China Service Medal (extended) - American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (1)
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
LST-542 Class Tank Landing Ship
Laid down, 13 December 1943, at American Bridge Co., Ambridge, PA.
Launched, 18 February 1944
Commissioned USS LST-656, 7 April 1944, LT. Francis T. McCahill USNR in command
During World War II USS LST-656 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaign:
Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaigns
|Campaign and Dates
|Invasion of southern France, 15 August to 25 September 1944
While assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater USS LST-656 came under the command of:
LST Flotilla Thirty-Seven, CAPT. Riley
LST Group One Hundred Nine, CDR. E. W. Wilson USNR;
LST Division Two Hundred-Eighteen
Following World War II USS LST-656 was assigned to Occupation and China service in the Far East for the following periods:
Navy Occupation Service Medal
China Service Medal (extended)
|2 September 1945 to 28 May 1946||2 September 1945 to 28 May 1946
Decommissioned, 29 May 1946
Transferred to the State Department for disposition, date unknown
Struck from the Naval Register, 3 July 1946
Final Disposition, fate unknown
USS LST-656 earned one battle star for World War II service
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||Four LSTs, (right to left) USS LST-178, USS LST-74, unidentified, and USS LST-656 load out at Bagnoli, Italy, 8 August 1944, for the upcoming invasion of southern France.
US National Archives photo # III-SC-193359, Box 225 a US Army Signal Corps photo, by Lapidus, now in the collections of the US National Archives.
||USS LST-177 and USS LST-656 beached, probably in southern France, August or September 1944.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)