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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

USS LST-181


International Radio Call Sign:
November - Foxtrot - Charlie - Oscar
NFCO
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons


Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (6)
Bottom Row - World War II Victory Medal - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippines Liberation Medal (2)


LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 7 April 1943, at Jeffersonville Boat & Machine Co., Jeffersonville, IN.
  • Launched, 3 July 1943
  • Commissioned USS LST-181, 21 August 1943, LT. William F. Sheahan, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-181 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
    LST Flotilla Seven, CAPT. R. M. Scruggs, USN;
    LST Group Nineteen, CDR. James E. Van Zandt, USNR and participated in the following campaigns;

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Bismarck Archipelago operation
    Cape Gloucester, New Britain, 23 to 26 February 1944
    Admiralty Islands landings, 14 to 18 March 1944
    Leyte operation
    Leyte landings, 13 to 28 October and 9 to 29 November 1944
    Hollandia operation, 21 to 27 April, 28 April to 6 May and 8 to 14 May 1944 Consolidation and capture of Southern Philippines
    Visayan Islands landings, 26 March, 2 to 4 and 9 to 10 April 1945
    Western New Guinea operation
    Toem-Wakde-Sarmi area operation, 17 to 18 and 23 to 25 May 1944
    Biak Island operation, 6 to 19 and 14 to 20 June 1944
    Noemfoor Island operation, 4 to 10 July 1944
    Cape Sansapor operation, 31 July, 6, 8 to 14, 16 to 22 August 1944
    Morotai landings, 15 September 1944
    Borneo operation
    Balikpapan operation, 28 June to 10 July 1945

  • Decommissioned, 4 March 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 12 April 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold to Construction Power Machinery Co., Brooklyn, N.Y., 9 December 1946, fate unknown
  • USS LST-181 earned six battle stars for World War II service
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    By
    LST-181 1332k LSTs, including USS LST-181, USS LST-168, USS LST-206 and USS LST-245 beached at the loading area at Cape Sudest, New Guinea, 12 March 1944.
    US National Archives photo # III-SC 271518, Box 504, a US Army Signal Corps photo, by LT E. Commings, now in the collections of the US National Archives.
    Dave Kerr
    LST-181 27k USS LST-181 beached at Aitape, New Guinea, 22 April 1944. Photo by S. N. Johnson EM2/c USNR USS LST-181 plank owner
    LST-471 887k Christmas 1945 and New Years 1946 greetings from Commander LST Group Nineteen, CDR James E. Van Zandt USNR to the ships of the Group: USS LST-466
    USS LST-245
    USS LST-467
    USS LST-171
    USS LST-181
    USS LST-469
    USS LST-470
    USS LST-471
    USS LST-468
    USS LST-473
    USS LST-475 and
    USS LST-474
    Bill James for his father William James USS LST-471

    USS LST-181
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Sheahan, William F., USNR21 August 1943 - 1 July 1944
    02LT. Wilson, Robert J., USNR1 July 1944 - 1945
    03LTjg. Lynch, Charles, V., USNR1945 - ?
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Homeport
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 23 May 2014