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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
USS LST-281 (1943 - 1946)
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Delta - Victor - Quebec
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (2) - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1)
Bottom Row - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - National Defense Service Medal
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 25 June 1943, at American Bridge Co., Ambridge, PA.
Launched, 30 September 1943
Commissioned USS LST-281, 8 November 1943, LT. Harold R. Southworth, Harold, USNR, in command
During World War II USS LST-281 was first assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and later to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater participating in the following campaigns:
Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign
|Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
||Okinawa Gunto operation
Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 21 to 30 June 1945
|Invasion of southern France, 15 August to 25 September 1944
While assigned in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater USS LST-281 came under the command of :
LST Flotilla Thirty-Five, CAPT. D. H. Johnston USN (22);
LST Group One Hundred Three, CDR. A L. Warburton USN (24);
LST Division Two Hundred Six
Following World War II USS LST-281 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:
Navy Occupation Service Medal
|20 September to 20 December 1945
|5 to 9 February 1946
Decommissioned, 9 March 1946
Assigned to Commander Naval Forces Far East (COMNAVFE) Shipping Control Authority for Japan (SCAJAP), 20 May 1949, redesignated Q092
Transferred, 31 March 1952, the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS), and placed in service as USNS T-LST-281
Placed out of service and struck from the Naval Register, 19 May 1954
Final Disposition, fate unknown
USS LST-281 earned three battle stars for World War II service
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
| USS LST-281
||USS LST-281 at anchor off Fowley, England, 27 April 1944.
US National Archives image
||Invasion shipping in Dart River, at Dartmouth, England, awaiting the invasion signal, 2 June 1944. Barrage balloons are overhead.
Among the ships at left are:
USS LST-281. Also present are several British coastal forces vessels.
US National Archives photo # 80-G-252243, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
|US Naval History and Heritage Command
||USS LST-281 at anchor off the coast of Normandy, June 1944.
US National Archives image
||USS LST-281 and USS LST-229 moored together date and location unknown.
||Riley R. Requa MoMM3/c USS LST-49
||Ex-USS LST-281 as the Shipping Control Authority, Japan (SCAJAP) LST Q092, beached on Yellow Beach, Inchon 16 September 1950. In the background is Shipping Control Authority, Japan (SCAJAP) LST Q081 (ex USS LST-626).
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Southworth, Harold R., USNR||8 November 1943 - August 1945|
|02||LTjg. Squires, Kenneth H., USNR||August 1945 - December 1945|
|03||LT. Kucey, Stephen J., USNR||December 1945 - 9 March 1946|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 21 April 2017
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|