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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

HM LST-311
USS LST-311 (1943- 1944)

USS LST-311 International Radio Call Sign:
November - Juliet - Oscar - Uniform
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from left to right
American Campaign Medal - Europe-Africa-Middle East Campaign Medal (3) - World War II Victory Medal
Personnel Awards

Navy Cross (LT. Robert L. Coleman Commanding Officer, USS LST 311, 10 July 1943) Citation

USS LST-311 was transferred to the United Kingdom in November 1944
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 7 September 1942, at New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N.Y.
  • Launched, 30 December 1942
  • Commissioned USS LST-311, 11 January 1943, LT. .F. E. Thornton Jr., USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS LST-311 was assigned to the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Europe-Africa-Middle Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Sicilian occupation, 9 to 15 July 1943 Invasion of Normandy, 6 to 25 June 1944
    Salerno landings, 9 to 21 September 1943  

  • USS LST-311 was decommissioned and transferred to the United Kingdom, 20 November 1944
  • Royal Navy History
  • Commissioned into the Royal Navy as HM LST-311, 20 November 1944
  • HM LST-311 participated in the Invasion of Malaya
  • Fitted for carriage of rolling stock
  • Collided with HM LST-3036 at Singapore, 25 March 1946
  • Paid off and returned to US Navy custody at Subic Bay, Philippines, 13 April 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 5 June 1946
  • USS LST-311 earned three battle stars for World War II service
  • Sold, 5 December 1946, to T.Y. Fong
  • Final Disposition, fate unknown
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
    4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
    12 single 20MM gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Source
    USS LST-311
    LST-311 194k Salerno Operation, 10 September 1943, the second day of the Invasion. - British soldier clearing land mines, using a mine detector, on Red Beach, ten miles south of Salerno. White tape marks the edge of the cleared area. LSTs in background are unloading U.S. Army trucks. USS LST-311 at right.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-82349, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    LST-311 145k Invasion shipping in Dart River, at Dartmouth, England, awaiting the invasion signal, 2 June 1944. Barrage balloons are overhead. Among the ships at left are:
    USS LST-230;
    USS LST-49;
    USS LST-311;
    USS LST-281;. Also present are several British coastal forces vessels.
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-252243, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives
    US Naval History and Heritage Command
    371k USS LST-311 outbound to sea from Dartmouth Harbor, England enroute to her position in the French invasion rehearsal, prior to D-Day. David Upton
    US National Archives
    370k LSTs land invasion supplies on "Omaha" Beach, shortly after the 6 June 1944 "D-Day" assault.
    LSTs on the beach include from (right to left):
    USS LST-312
    HM LST-320
    HM LST-321
    USS LST-72
    USS LST-51? last digit not visible)
    HM LST-324
    USS LST-311
    USS LST-49
    USS LST-373
    USS LST-47 and two unidentified LSTs.
    Note: bow numbers of the British ships enclosed in colored blocks; crowd of shipping offshore; barrage balloons over many of the ships. Photo was released for publication, 23 October 1944
    US National Archives photo # 80-G-46817 a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.

    Note: This image is labeled as Omaha Beach but is actually taken on Utah Beach. [See - The movie "A Newsreel Camaraman's View if D-Day" in color by Jack Lieb. About 15 minutes into the film Jack Lieb pans the beach one can see that this is Utah Beach showing LSTs 72, 324, 311, 46, 47 in the same sequence as in the NARA photo 80-G-46817.]

    Riley R. Re Qua MoMM3/C USS LST-49 and Arthur L Long MoMM2/C USS LST-49
    Marilyn Smith for her father Coastguardsman Jack Davenport USCGC Blackhaw (WLB-390)
    US National Archives
    HM LST-311
    LST-311 45k HM LST-311 beached at Morib Bay on the Malay Peninsula. Photo taken shortly after VJ-Day. Tony Fasey HM LST-311 (ex Sub/Lt RNVR gunnery officer)
    LST-311 66k HM LST-311 with all the crews of the Royal Navy's LSTs at Singapore on board (800) standing by for inspection by Lord Louis Mountbatten, circa December 1945 to March 1946. Tony Fasey HM LST-311 (ex Sub/Lt RNVR gunnery officer)
    LST-311 32k Lord Louis Mountbatten arriving in HM LST-311 at Singapore to inspect the LST crews, circa December 1945 to March 1946. Tony Fasey HM LST-311 (ex Sub/Lt RNVR gunnery officer)
    LST-311 70k HM LST-311 crew at Singapore, circa December 1945 to March 1946. Tony Fasey HM LST-311 (ex Sub/Lt RNVR gunnery officer)
    LST-311 130k HM LST-311 officers photo Back Row S/Lt Ganny, S/Lt Fasey (myself), S/Lt Spiro (pontoon party), S/Lt Denby, Front Row Lt Bremner, Lt/Cdr Wylie (captain), Lt ----(chief engineer) all RNVR except the chief who was RNR, at Singapore, circa December 1945 to March 1946. Tony Fasey HM LST-311 (ex Sub/Lt RNVR gunnery officer)
    LST-311 26k HM LST-311 anchored at Subic Bay before returning the ship to US Naval custody. Tony Fasey HM LST-311 (ex Sub/Lt RNVR gunnery officer)

    USS LST-311
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01LT. Thornton Jr., F. E., USNR11 January 1943 - March 1943
    02LCDR. Coleman, Robert L., USNRMarch 1943 - March 1944
    03LCDR. Purdie, Samuel Bulla, USNRMarch 1944 - August 1944
    04LTjg. Decker, Joe F., USNRAugust 1944 - 20 November 1944
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    The USS LST Ship Memorial
    LST Home Port
    State LST Chapters
    United States LST Association
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    This page created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 3 March 2023