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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
International Radio Call Sign:
November - Zulu - Sierra - Bravo
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Navy Unit Commendation - American Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (4) - World War II Victory Medal - Navy Occupation Medal (with Asia clasp)
Six Purple Hearts 10 November 1943, Bougainville
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
Laid down, 28 September 1942, at Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Newport News, VA.
Launched, 23 November 1942
Commissioned USS LST-398, 2 January 1943, LT. Boyd E. Blanchard, USNR, in command
During World War II USS LST-398 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater:
LST Flotilla Five, CAPT. J.R. Clark;
LST Group Fourteen, LCDR. K.L. DeForest USNR;
LST Division Twenty-Eight and participated in the following campaigns
|Campaign and Dates
||Campaign and Dates
|Consolidation of Solomon Islands
Consolidation of southern Solomons, 16 June 1943
Occupation and defense of Cape Torokina, 11 November and 3 to 4 and 14 December 1943
|New Georgia Group operations
New Georgia-Rendova-Vangunu occupation, 2 and 4 July 1943
Vella Lavella occupation, 21 and 31 August 1943
Capture and occupation of Guam, 11 to 15 August 1944
Following World War II USS LST-398 was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:
Navy Occupation Service Medal
|19 September to 22 October 1945
|18 November 1945 to 20 January 1946
Decommissioned, 27 February 1946
Transferred to Commander Naval Forces Far East (COMNAVFE) Shipping Control Authority for Japan (SCAJAP), redesignated Q029
Struck from the Naval Register, 28 August 1947
USS LST-398 earned four battle stars and the Navy Unit Commendation for World War II service
Sold, 28 March 1948, to Consolidated Builders, Inc., Seattle, WA.
Final Disposition, fate unknown
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament (varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
2 - Twin 40MM gun mounts w/Mk. 51 directors
4 - Single 40MM gun mounts
12 single 20MM gun mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
|Click On Image
For Full Size Image
||USS LST-398 unloading supplies, equipment and mail on a Bougainville beach, 10 November 1943. Original USMC caption states:
"Japanese artillery hit the ship on the same day the photo was taken, killing an officer and five crew members." Note LVT coming ashore in center.
USMC catalog # USMC 67383. Photo by PVT. A.N. James, 3rd Marine Division
|US Naval History and Heritage Command.
||6th Special Naval Construction
Battalion Seebees unloading vehicles, equipment and supplies including gasoline drums from USS LST-398 across the beach at Bougainville,
British Solomon Islands, 4 December 1943.
US Navy photos from the US Navy Seabee Museum, Port Hueneme, CA.
|John Ratomski for his father John Joseph Ratomski S1c 6th Special Naval Construction Battalion
||USS LST-398 with LCT-1375 loaded on her main deck while at anchor in Japanese waters in November 1945 just prior to the launch of LCT-1375. The LCT-1375 and pontoons had been loaded at Pearl Harbor in June of 1945. The pontoons had been unloaded a little earlier at Leyte.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
|01||LT. Blanchard, Boyd E., USNR||2 January 1943 - 3 November 1943|
|02||LT. Williams, Danforth D., USNR||3 November 1943 - 22 April 1944|
|03||LT. Kammer, Robert J., USNR||22 April 1944 - March 1945|
|04||LT. Wilson, Richard B., USNR||March 1945 - 26 April 1945|
|05||LT. Hockswender, John B.., USNR||26 April 1945 - December 1945|
|06||LT. Cotterman, Frederick A., USNR||December 1945 - 27 February 1946|
|Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves
Crew Contact And Reunion Information
U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log
Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
The USS LST Ship Memorial
LST Home Port
State LST Chapters
United States LST Association
Last Updated 21 September 2018
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|