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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive
LST-423 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship
Laid down, 1 December 1942, at Bethlehem Fairfield Co., Baltimore, MD.
Launched, 14 January 1943
LST-423 saw no active service with the US Navy
Transferred to the United Kingdom, 24 February 1943, and commissioned HM LST-423 the same day
Participated in the Sicily, Anzio and Normandy operations (MacDermott Ships Without Names)
Returned to US Navy custody, 10 June 1946
Struck from the Naval Register, 19 July 1946
Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 29 December 1947, to Northern Metals Co., Philadelphia, PA.
4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
Length 328' o.a.
light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
limiting 11' 2"
maximum navigation 14' 1"
Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
Boats 2 LCVP
Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
two - Twin 40MM gun mounts /Mk. 51 directors
four - Single 40MM gun mounts
twelve single 20MM gun mounts
Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
six - 20MM single gun mounts
four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
Diesel 4,300 Bbls
two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
single Falk Main Reduction Gears
three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
two propellers, 1,700shp
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||HM LST-423 is off the starboard bow of HMS LST-427 as they move toward 'Sword' beach during the Invasion of Normandy, 6 June 1944. The LSTs are moving in column toward the beaches.
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 19 May 2017
This page is created by David W. Almond and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|