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NavSource Online: Amphibious Photo Archive

HM LST-427


LST-427 was transferred to the United Kingdom for the duration of World War II
LST-1 Class Tank Landing Ship:
  • Laid down, 22 November 1942, at Bethlehem Fairfield Co., Baltimore, MD.
  • Launched, 19 December 1942
  • LST-427 saw no active service in the United States Navy
  • Transferred to the United Kingdom and commissioned HM LST-427, 16 February 1943
  • Participated in the Sicily, Salerno, Anzio, Normandy and Malaya operations (MacDermott Ships Without Names)
  • Decommissioned by the Royal Navy and returned to US Navy custody, 11 April 1946
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 10 June 1947
  • Final Disposition, sold, 5 December 1947, to Bosey, Philippines and subsequently scrapped
    Specifications:
    Displacement
    1,625 t.(lt)
    4,080 t.(fl) (sea-going draft w/1675 ton load)
    2,366 t. (beaching displacement)
    Length 328' o.a.
    Beam 50'
    Draft
    light 2' 4" fwd, 7' 6" aft
    sea-going 8' 3" fwd, 14' 1" aft
    landing 3' 11" fwd, 9' 10" aft (landing w/500 ton load)
    limiting 11' 2"
    maximum navigation 14' 1"
    Speed 11.6 kts. (trial)
    Endurance 24,000 miles @ 9kts. while displacing 3960 tons
    Complement
    13 officers
    104 enlisted
    Troop Accommodations
    16 officers
    147 enlisted
    Boats 2 LCVP
    Cargo Capacity (varied with mission - payloads between 1600 and 1900 tons)
    Typical loads
    One Landing Craft Tank (LCT), tanks, wheeled and tracked vehicles, artillery, construction equipment and military supplies. A ramp or elevator forward allowed vehicles access to tank deck from main deck
    Additional capacity included sectional pontoons carried on each side of vessel amidships, to either build Rhino Barges or use as causeways. Married to the bow ramp, the causeways would enabled payloads to be delivered ashore from deeper water or where a beachhead would not allow the vessel to be grounded forward after ballasting
    Armament - US Varied with availability when each vessel was outfitted. Retro-fitting was accomplished throughout WWII. The ultimate armament design for United States vessels was
    two - Twin 40MM gun mounts /Mk. 51 directors
    four - Single 40MM gun mounts
    twelve single 20MM gun mounts
    Armament - UK Lend Lease built vessels were to be outfitted with armament after convoying across Atlantic and included
    one - 12 Pounder anti-aircraft multi-barrel mount
    six - 20MM single gun mounts
    four - Fast Aerial Mine (FAM) mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    Diesel 4,300 Bbls
    Propulsion
    two General Motors 12-567A, 900hp Diesel engines
    single Falk Main Reduction Gears
    three Diesel-drive 100Kw 230V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
    two propellers, 1,700shp
    twin rudders

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    LST-427 85k HM LST-427 alongside LST-401 (at left) while loading at Tripoli, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 40k HM LST-427 loading at Brizerte, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 86k HM LST-427 unloading at Cape Passero, Sicily, circa 9 July 1943. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 93k HM LST-427 unloading at Sicily, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 93k HM LST-427 and other LSTs in convoy as they approach 'Bark South' Beach, Sicily, 10 July 1943. Robert Hurst
    LST-427 89k HM LST-427 beached at Sicily while landing reinforcements, date unknown. Robert Hurst
    LST-427 67k HM LST-427 and two unidentified Royal Navy LSTs. beached on D-Day, 9 July 1943 at Sicily. The identification of all three LSTs is uncertain. The numbers 325 and 326 on the bows were probably numbers assigned just for the Sicily invasion. It was by these numbers that the ships were ordered into the beach to deliver troops, supplies and equipment. This photo was taken by the CO of HM LST-427 therefore it is reasonable to assume that the LST numbered 325 is most likely LST-427. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 53k HM LST-427 off the beachhead at Salerno, circa 9 September 1943. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 50k HM LST-427 beached along with another LST at Salerno, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 71k HM LST-427 and another LST approaching the beach at Salerno, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 46k HM LST-427 at Salerno with landing craft approaching her port bow, circa 9 September 1943. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 89k HM LST-427 off the beachhead at Salerno with troops and equipment waiting to go ashore, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 63k HM LST-427 beached at Salerno along with another LST, unloading equipment, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 27k HM LST-427 approaching the beachhead at Anzio, circa 22 January 1944. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 88k HM LST-427 in tiny harbor at Anzio, while landing trucks and other equipment, date unknown. Robert Hurst
    LST-427 41k HMS LST-427 at anchor during "Operation Neptune", June 1944. . Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 79k Looking from the bridge of HMS LST-427 toward 'Sword' beach during the Invasion of Normandy, 6 June 1944. HM LST-423 is just ahead of HM LST-427 off her starboard bow with other LSTs moving in column toward the beaches. Robert Hurst
    LST-427 61k HM LST-427 loading a Rhino ferry , date and place unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 65k HM LST-427 tank deck with wounded soldiers being Medivaced, date unknown. Graeme Orchard for his father Bill Orchard Signalman RN HMS LST-427
    LST-427 71k HMS LST-427 tank deck with some of the 456 casualties she had aboard being Medivaced to England, date unknown. Robert Hurst
    LST-427 70k HMS LST-427 unloading at what is thought to be Mulberry 'A' at St. Laurent in mid-June 1944, just before it was destroyed in the great gale. Robert Hurst
    LST-427 75k HMS LST-427 unloading trucks at a Mulberry Harbor at Normandy in June 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-427 105k HMS LST-427 arriving at Gosport, England with German POWs on board, summer 1944. Robert Hurst
    LST-403 84k HM LST-403 and HM LST-427 beached and discharging CEVs in the Far East.
    Imperial War Museum Ministry of Defense Foxhill Collection of Ship Photographs, Photo No. IWM(FL 7160)
    Mike Green

    LST-427
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 19 May 2017