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Canonicus Class Monitor: Displacement: 1,034 tons. Dimensions: 225 x 43.8 x 13.6 feet. Propulsion: Ericsson VL engines, 2 boilers, 320 hp, 1 shaft, 7 knots. Crew: 85. Armor: Iron: 3-5 inch sides, 1 inch deck, 11 inch turret. Armament: 1 dual turret with 2x15 inch Dahlgren smoothbore.

Operational and Building Data: The first Saugus, a single-turret monitor, was launched 16 December 1863, by Built by Harlan & Hollingsworth & Co, Wilmington, DE. commissioned 7 April 1864. Decommissioned to reserve 13 June 1865. Recommissioned 30 April 1869 and operated along the Florida coast. Renamed Centaur, 15 June 1869, then Saugus, 10 August 1869. Decommissioned to reserve 31 December 1870; recommissioned 9 November 1872; decommissioned to reserve 9 March 1874; recommissioned 10 October 1874; decommissioned to reserve 8 October 1877.
Fate: Condemned 1886, sold for scrapping 25 May 1891.
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CANONICUS 81k Fort Fisher operation, December 1864 -- January 1865. Lithograph by Endicott & Company, New York, circa 1865, entitled "Monitor Iron-Clads and the New Ironsides, Forming part of the Fleet of Rear Admiral D.D. Porter, U.S.N. riding out a Gale of Wind, at Anchor off Fort Fisher, Coast of North Carolina, December 21, 1864." The print is dedicated by the publisher to Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus V. Fox. Monitors in the foreground and middle distance are (from left to right) Monadnock (twin-turret), Canonicus, Mahopac and Saugus. Ships in the distance (from left to left-center) are: Brooklyn, New Ironsides, Juniata, Tacony and Malvern. Collection of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, April 1936. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 42241.
CANONICUS 69k Fort Fisher operation, December 1864 -- January 1865. 19th-Century painting, by an unidentified artist, depicting U.S. Navy ironclads bombarding Fort Fisher during one of the two assaults that ended in its capture. Twin-turret monitor in the center foreground is Monadnock. Large broadside ironclad beyond is New Ironsides. The three single-turret monitors are Canonicus, Mahopac and Saugus. Presented by Albert Rosenthal, January 1935. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 42240.
780k Federal ironclads in Trent's Reach, James River, Virginia photographed circa early 1865. Nearest ship is Saugus, with a mine sweeping "torpedo rake" attached to her bow. Next monitor astern is probably Sangamon. Visible just to the right of her is either Mahopac or Canonicus. Last two ships are Atlanta and Onondaga. Photographed by the Matthew Brady organization. Note the log boom across the river in the foreground and the signal tower atop the hill in the right distance. Photograph from the Collections of the U.S. National Archives. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 111-B-80 via Robert Canchola.
SAUGUS 104k Saugus in Trent's Reach on the James River, Virginia, circa early 1865. Note the mine sweeping "rake" attached to her bow. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 42269.
SAUGUS 341k Officers pose on deck of the Saugus in front of the gun turret, probably while the ship was serving on the James River, Virginia, in early 1865. Note ship's bell and other details of the turret and deck fittings. The original negative is 111-B-5567 in the National Archives. Text courtesy of U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 59442.
Photo # HD-SN-99-01850 courtesy of, Defense Visual Information Center.
SAUGUS 95k Officers pose on deck of the Saugus in front of the gun turret, probably while the ship was serving on the James River, Virginia, in early 1865. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 42268.
SAUGUS 99k A "Double-Ender" gunboat in the James River, Virginia, 1864-65. Originally identified as Agawam(1864-1867), this ship differs from her in detail. It has been identified in published sources as Mackinaw,(1864-1867). The monitor in the right background is Saugus. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 57251.
SAUGUS 118k Washington Navy Yard, District of Columbia. View looking south from Building # 1, showing the trophy gun park in the foreground, with coal piles and the sheer crane beyond, circa 1866-69. Most of the guns visible are former Confederate pieces, many of which were still on exhibit at the Washington Navy Yard in the year 2001. The monitors Mahopac (center) and Saugus (right) are laid up in the Anacostia River, in the background, with their turrets still painted as they were in 1864-65. Courtesy of Robert A. Truax, 1978. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 1473-A.
MONTAUK 89k Four monitors laid up in the Anacostia River, off the Washington Navy Yard, circa 1866. Ships are (from left to right): Mahopac, Saugus, Montauk (probably); and either Casco or Chimo. Photo mounted on a stereographic card, marked: "Photographed and published by Kilburn Brothers, Littleton, N.H.". Courtesy of Paul H. Silverstone, 1982. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 93868.
SAUGUS 134k Washington Navy Yard, District of Columbia. Washington Navy Yard, D.C. View looking eastward along the waterfront from atop the roof of the western shiphouse, June 1866. The 11th Street bridge and the Anacostia shore are in the distance. Ships in the stream at right include three monitors and a former Confederate torpedo boat of the large David type. Monitor to the left in that group is either Chimo or Casco. The other two are Mahopac (center of group) and Saugus (to right). The ex-CSS Stonewall is anchored in the river, in the center of the view. Half visible on the marine railway (at left) is a "double-ender" gunboat, probably Ascutney. Dismasted screw steamer alongside the waterfront in center may be Marblehead. Ship in right foreground, alongside the masting sheers, may be Resaca. The experimental firing battery is just beyond the shiphouse, in the left center foreground, flanked by what appears to be a ship's smokestack on one side and a mortar and a shot pile on the other. Photographed by Brady & Company, Washington, D.C. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph # NH 57928.
Benham 133k Commander Andrew Ellicott Kennedy Benham commanded the Saugus in the early 1870ís. Photo from the Library of Congress via Bill Gonyo.
SAUGUS 42k Saugus laid-up in reserve at the Washington Navy Yard, date unknown. USN photo from "Warship Boneyards," by Kit and Carolyn Bonner & submitted by Robert Hurst.
(NISMF)376kA guest studies a painting depicting the history of battleships. The artwork was painted by George Skybeck and presented to the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association during their annual banquet at Honolulu, Hawaii, on 8 December 1991. USN photo # DN-SC-92-05391, by PHC Carolyn Harris, from the Department of Defense Still Media Collection, courtesy of

USS Saugus History
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