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USS SOUTH DAKOTA/HURON (Armored Cruiser/CA 9)



   

Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign: Nan - Sugar - Xray
(Courtesy of John Spivey)

CLASS - PENNSYLVANIA
Displacement 13,680 Tons, Dimensions, 503' 11" (oa) x 69' 7" x 26' 6" (Max)
Armament 4 x 8"/40, 14 x 6"/50 18 x 3"/50, 12 x 3pdr, 2 x 1pdr, 2 x 18" tt.
Armor, 6" Belt, 6 1/2" Turrets, 4" Deck, 9" Conning Tower.
Machinery, 23,000 IHP; 2 Vertical, Inverted, Triple Expansion Engines, 2 screws
Speed, 22 Knots, Crew 830.
Operational and Building Data
Launched 21 JUL 1904 by Union Iron Works, San Francisco, CA.
Commissioned 27 JAN 1908
Renamed HURON on 07 JUN 1920
Redesignated CA 9 on 17 JUL 1920
Decommissioned 17 JUN 1927
Stricken 15 NOV 1929
Fate: Sold for scrap on 11 February 1930 in accordance with the London Naval Treaty.
Subsequently sold to the Powell River Co., British Columbia, Canada to be used as a breakwater.
More information can be found at http://freepages.military.rootsweb.com/~cacunithistories/USS_South_Dakota.html.
(Fate information provided by Chris Vallery and David Chessum)
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons




Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Navy Expeditionary Medal
Second Row - Mexican Service Medal - World War I Victory Medal w/PATROL Clasp - Yangtze Service Medal

Click On Image
For Full Size Image
Size Image Description Contributed
By And/Or Copyright
South Dakota
acr000
NR SIX NEW ARMORED CRUISERS FOR OUR NAVY
The new armored cruisers, the California (ACR 6), Colorado (ACR 7), Maryland (ACR 8), Nebraska (ACR 4), South Dakota (ACR 9) and West Virgina (ACR 5) designs for which have been worked out under the direction of Chief Conductor Admiral Hichborn are intended to be more formidable and fighting machines than any others of their class now in service or projected. They will combine the speed and sailing radius of the protected cruiser with the impregnability of the battleship giving us a swift floating castle that can overtake almost any craft of its character at sea and at the same time withstand the shocks of terrific broadsides......
Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library.
Photo from Deseret Evening News. [volume] (Great Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1867-1920, 08 December 1900, Part 3, Image 23, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0917
NR NEARLY READY FOR LAUNCHING
Cruiser South Dakota (ACR 9) Will Slide From Her Cradle at Union Iron Works July 23

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 06 July 1904, Image 7, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0901
NR LAUNCHING OF ARMORED CRUISER SOUTH DAKOTA OCCURS TO-NIGHT
Distinguished Citizens From the State After Which New War Vessel Is Named Will Participate in the Ceremony at the Union Iron Works Where the Fighting Machine Is Now Cradled
POWERFUL ARMORED CRUISER DESTINED FOR UNCLE SAM'S NAVY. WHICH WILL BE LAUNCHED THIS EVENING AT THE UNION IRON WORKS AND THE DAUGHTER OF SOUTH DAKOTA'S GOVERNOR, WHO WILL CHRISTEN THE BIG FIGHTING MACHINE AS IT SLIDES INTO THE WATER
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 21 July 1904, Image 5, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0918
NR CRUISER SOUTH DAKOTA WEDS THE SEA WITH EVERY OMEN OF FUTURE SUCCESS
Sister Fighting Machine to the California (ACR 6) Glides Down the Ways in Majesty and Strength and Is Christened by the Daughter of Governor of State From Which She Takes Her Name

PHOTOGRAPH OF NEWEST FIGHTING CRAFT OF THE UNITED STATES TAKEN AS WORKMEN WERE UNBLOCKING HER FOR HER DIP INTO THE DEEP AND ONE SECURED AS SHE RODE THE SWELL CAUSED BY HER OWN IMPETUS IN STRIKING THE WATER.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 22 July 1904, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0900
NR ARMORED CRUISER SOUTH DAKOTA. Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society State Archives.
Photo from Union County Courier. [volume] (Elk Point, Union County, D.T. [S.D.]) 187?-1913, 28 July 1904, Image 7, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0920
NR SOUTH DAKOTA HAS FINE RUN
New Cruiser Undergoes Standardization Tests, Pleasing Builders and Trial Board Endurance Run Tomorrow
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from Los Angeles Herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, 22 December 1906, Image 1, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0921
NR SOUTH DAKOTA'S ENDURANCE TEST Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 10 May 1908, Image 30, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0902
1.75k On 8 May 1908, the Atlantic Fleet joined the Pacific Fleet in San Francisco Bay for a review by the Secretary of the Navy, and the combined fleets continued their cruise, with Connecticut (BB-18) as flagship, showing the flag and bringing a show of American strength to many parts of the world.
South Dakota (ACR 9) appears with her name spelled out across her bridge during that period.
Text courtesy of DANFS.
National Archives Identifier: 55171620
Local Identifier: 111-SC-5368.
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
South Dakota 143k USS Ohio (BB 12), USS California (ACR 6) and USS South Dakota (ACR 9) between May 1908 and July 1908 at Mare Island Navy Yard while assigned to the Great White Fleet. The cruisers are moored next to the yard's coal sheds. Note the coal handling equipment installed by the Brown Hoisting Machinery Company in 1904 seen above the coal sheds. Darryl Baker
South Dakota
acr0924
NR United States Cruiser Races Home to Save Life of Sailor
South Dakota (ACR 9) Sends Wireless Message to Expedite Journey of Sick Blue jacket to Hospital
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 30 June 1909, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0916
NR South Dakota (ACR 9) Sheds 800 Tons of Barnacles
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 14 August 1909, Image 19, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0914
357k

Bow view of South Dakota (ACR 9) entering dry dock #2 at Mare Island on 14 March 1910.

U.S. Navy Photograph

Tommy Trampp
South Dakota
acr0907
283k

Bow view of South Dakota (ACR 9) entering dry dock #2 at Mare Island on 14 March 1910.

U.S. Navy Photograph

Darryl Baker
South Dakota
acr0908
135k

Color version of the bow view of South Dakota (ACR 9) entering dry dock #2 at Mare Island on 14 March 1910.

Postcard of U.S. Navy Photograph

Darryl Baker
South Dakota
acrr0905
228k

Stern view of South Dakota (ACR 9) in dry dock #2 at Mare Island on 15 March 1910. South Dakota was the first ship to dock in dry dock #2.

U.S. Navy Photograph

Darryl Baker
South Dakota
acr0906
101k

Bow view of USS South Dakota (ACR 9) in dry dock #2 at Mare Island on 15 March 1910.

U.S. Navy Photograph

Darryl Baker
South Dakota
acr0923
NR CRUISER'S LAUNCH PLUNGES TO BOTTOM
Six Bluejackets Narrowly Escape Death When Cutter Drops From Davit
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 22 March 1910, Image 16, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0919
NR THIS BUMBOAT IS GETTING RICH BY FOLLOWING HIS WARSHIP AROUND THE WORLD
WHEN
W. S. Gilbert created the character of Buttercup in the comic opera story of "Her Majesty's Ship Pinafore," he recognized in the bumboat woman one of the picturesque traditions of the British navy. Buttercup had: Ribbons and laces, to set off the graces Of pretty young sweethearts " and wives."
Buttercup, under many names, is still peddling her wares to the bluejackets of old England and "bumboating" a regular business is recognized, unofficially, by the navies of the world.
Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 15 May 1910, Page 10, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0925
NR SOUTH DAKOTA (ACR 9) BACK FROM SOUTH SEAS Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 20 July 1910, Image 15, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota 328k USS South Dakota (ACR 9) at Mare Island Navy Yard circa Jan 1913. The collier USS Justin is behind and to the right of South Dakota and USS Annapolis (PG 10) is outboard of the Justin. Justin and Annapolis are at the yard's coal station. A rare image of the shipyard's stiff-leggd derrick with her steam driven winch is to the left of South Dakota. Darryl Baker
South Dakota 227k Port Bow view at anchor, probably sometime after she completed repairs at Mare Island Navy Yard at Vallejo, Calif. (1 July to 30 September 1911). Text guess via DANFS.
Darryl Baker
South Dakota
acr0922
NR Commander of the American army; generals who Will command the United Stales troops that are being mobilized for possible invasion of Mexico; commander of the Atlantic squadron, now in Cuba, who is in readiness to proceed with his fleet to the Mexican coast; American cruiser whose officers were assailed by Mexicans at Acapulco, and the cruiser South Dakota that is now on the way to the western coast of Mexico to give protection to Americans whose lives are in peril Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
Photo from The San Francisco Call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, 14 February 1913, Image 3, via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.
South Dakota
acr0915
 

Starboard bow view while underway at Mare Island, California on 1 April 1916.

National Archives item #165-WW-335D-15

National Archives
South Dakota
acr0911
130k

USS South Dakota (ACR 9) en route to the Asiatic station in the Panama Canal, circa 1919. Gleaves Collection, Naval Historical Foundation, 1975.

Naval History and Heritage Command, Photo #NH 83555

Mike Green
South Dakota
acr0926
1.75k USS South Dakota (ACR 9) at Brest, Finstere, France, 2 January 1919. Photo by Sgt. Peter A. Pelission.
National Archives Identifier: 313153464
Local Identifier: 111-SC-154191.
Photo courtesy of catalog.archives.gov
South Dakota
acr0910
227k

Starboard side view of USS Huron anchored at an unknown location sometime after her redesignation as CA 9 on 17 July 1920.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photo #108808
Mike Green
South Dakota
acr0909
112k

USS Huron (CA 9) tied to mooring buoy, 3 November 1923, location unknown.

Photo courtesy Conway Picture Library.

Robert Hurst
South Dakota
acr0912
691k The French Cruiser Jules Michilet (left), USS Huron (CA 9) (center), and the Japanese Cruiser Shoho (right) moored in the Whangpoo river, Shanghai, China, 1925. From the collection of the Museum of Military History. Frederick J. Moisson
Missoula
acr1303
50k Missoula (center) with her sister ships Huron and Charlotte at Puget Sound Navy Yard sometime between 1927 and 1930, when they were sold for scrap in accordance with the provisions of the London Treaty for the limitation and reduction of naval armament. Tom

Commanding Officers
Name/Rank Class Final Rank Dates
Fox, Charles Erben, CAPT 1872 RADM 01/27/1908 - 11/15/1908
Stickney, Herman Osman, LCDR 1888 RADM 11/15/1908 - 12/21/1908
Smith, James Thorn, CAPT 1875   12/21/1908 - 09/28/1910
Bennett, Frank Marion, CAPT 1879   09/28/1910 -
Allen, David Van Horn, CDR 1892   12/17/1912 -
Plunkett, Charles Peshall, CAPT 1884 RADM 01/06/1913 - 12/30/1913
Decommissioned     12/30/1913 - 04/17/1914
Gilmer, William Wirt, CAPT 1885   04/17/1914 - 07/14/1915
Tozer, Charles Maxson, LCDR 1896   07/14/1915 - 12/06/1916
Bristol, Mark Lambert, CAPT 1887 RADM 12/06/1916 - 01/04/1917
MacArthur Jr, Arthur, CDR 1896   01/04/1917 - 12/06/1917
Cook, Harold Earle, CDR 1901   12/06/1917 - 07/25/1917
Doyle, Stafford Henry Rahall (Stiffy) CAPT 1900   07/25/1917 - 03/02/1918
Luby, John McClane, CAPT 1894 RADM 03/02/1918 - 06/05/1920
Cone, Hutchinson Ingham, CAPT 1894 RADM 06/05/1920 - 02/10/1922
Stearns, Clark Daniel, CAPT 1891   02/10/1922 - 08/24/1923
Kimberly, Victor Ashfield, CAPT 1899   08/24/1923 - 10/17/1925
Williams, Yancey Sullivan, CAPT 1898 RADM 10/17/1925 - 06/17/1927

(Courtesy of Wolfgang Hechler & Ron Reeves - Photos courtesy of Bill Gonyo)


USS SOUTH DAKOTA/HURON Armored Cruiser/CA 9 History
View This Vessels DANFS History Entry on the U.S. Navy Historical Center website.

Crew Contact And Reunion Information
Not Applicable To This Ship

Additional Resources
Hazegray & Underway Cruiser Pages By Andrew Toppan.
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