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NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive

USS Crater (AK-70)

International Radio Call Sign:
November - Xray - Tango - Xray
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - American Campaign Medal
Bottom Row - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal - World War II Victory Medal - Philippines Liberation Medal

Crater Class Cargo Ship
  • Laid down, 28 August 1942, as SS John James Audubon, a Maritime Commission type (EC2-S-C1) hull, under Maritime Commission contract (MCE 420) at Permanente Metals Corp., Yard #2, Richmond, CA.
  • Launched, 8 October 1942
  • Acquired by the US Navy, 22 October 1942
  • Commissioned USS Crater (AK-70), 31 October 1942, LCDR. Russell Dodd, USNR, in command
  • During World War II USS Crater was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater
  • Decommissioned, 25 June 1946
  • Transferred to the War Shipping Administration, 26 June 1946 for lay up in National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay Group, Benecia, CA.
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 23 June 1946
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 26 August 1974, at Suisun Bay, to Seangyong Trading Co., Ltd., Seoul, South Korea, Removed, October 1974, Scrapping completed, 30 March 1975
    Displacement 4,023 t.(lt) 14,550 t.(fl)
    Length 441' 6"
    Beam 56' 11"
    Draft 28' 4"
    Speed 12.5 kts.
    Officers 16
    Enlisted 189
    Cargo Capacity 7,800 DWT
    non-refrigerated 444,206 Cu ft
    Largest Boom Capacity 50 t.
    one single 5"/50 cal dual purpose gun mount
    one single 3"/50 cal dual purpose gun mount
    two single 40mm AA gun mounts
    six single 20mm AA gun mounts
    Fuel Capacity
    NSFO 7,285 Bbls
    one Joshua-Hendy vertical triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
    two Babcock & Wilcox header-type boilers, 220psi 450°
    Ship's Service Generators
    three recip-drive 20Kw 120V D.C.
    one turbo-drive 60Kw 120V D.C.
    single propeller, 2,500shp

    Click On Image
    For Full Size Image
    Size Image Description Contributed
    Crater 102k USS Crater (AK-70) under way in San Francisco Bay, 2 November 1942, soon after conversion for naval service.
    US National Archives photo # 19-N-39663, a US Navy Bureau of Ships photo now in the collections of the US National Archives, courtesy
    Mike Green
    Crater 50k USS Crater (AK-70) anchored off Townsville, Queensland, Australia, 18 June 1943. Crater delivered cargo to Efate and Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, and Noumea, New Caledonia before Townsville and sailed on to Wellington, New Zealand, arriving 28 June for maintenance and a reload of cargo.
    Australian War Memorial, Photo No. 302577
    Mike Green
    Crater 215k USS Crater (AK-70) moored, date and location unknown.
    Probably as US Navy photo. Contributed by Ken Passiak, for his father Alexander Passiak S/1c USS Crater 1944-46
    Ken Pasiak
    Crater 71k Ex-USS Crater (AK-70) moored ready for the breakers, date and location unknown. David Nixon

    USS Crater (AK-70)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
    Commanding Officers
    01LCDR. Dodd, Russell31 October 1942 - 10 November 1942
    02LCDR. Hansen, Howard Herman10 November 1942 - September 1943
    03LCDR. Baldwin, James WilliamSeptember 1943 - 6 October 1944
    04LCDR. Evey, Earle Llewllyn6 October 1944 - 1 July 1945
    05LCDR. Borst, Lawrence William1 July 1945 - 25 June 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    MARAD Vessel History Database
    Back To The Main Photo Index Back To The Service Force Ship Type Index Back To The Cargo Ship (AK) Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
    All pages copyright NavSource Naval History
    Last Updated 27 May 2016