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NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive

USNS Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184)
USAT Private Elden H. Johnson (1946 - 1950)
USS Pinkney (APH-2) (1942 - 1946)

USNS Private Elden H. Johnson International Radio Call Sign:
November - Hotel - India - November

USS Pinkney International Radio Call Sign:
November - Delta - Delta - Golf
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row - Combat Action Ribbon (retroactive 28 April 1945-Okinawa)
Second Row - American Campaign Medal - Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (4) - World War II Victory Medal
Third Row - Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp) - Philippines Presidential Unit Citation - Philippine Liberation Medal (1)

Personnel Awards

Purple Heart (18-KIA, 28 April 1945 - Okinawa)

Tryon Class Evacuation Transport:
  • Laid down, 3 June 1941, as SS Alcoa Corsair, a Maritime Commission type (C2-S1-A1) hull, under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 176), at Moore Dry Dock Co., Oakland, CA.
  • Launched, 4 December 1941
  • Designated for US Navy use as Mercy (APH-2), 23 May 1942
  • Renamed Pinkney, 13 August 1942
  • Acquired by the Navy and Commissioned USS Pinkney (APH-2), 27 November 1942, CDR. Albert L. Hutson in command
  • During World War II USS Pinkney was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific Theater and participated in the following campaigns:

    Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
    Campaign and Dates Campaign and Dates
    Western Caroline Islands operation
    Capture and occupation of southern Palau Islands, 6 September to 14 October 1944
    Iwo Jima operation
    Assault and occupation of Iwo Jima, 24 to 26 February 1945
    Luzon operation
    Lingayen Gulf landings, 9 January 1945
    Okinawa Gunto operation
    Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto, 1 April to 8 May 1945

  • Following World War II USS Pinkney was assigned to Occupation service in the Far East for the following periods:

    Navy Occupation Service Medal
    9 November to 1 December1945
    5 to 17 January 1946

  • Decommissioned, 4 April 1946, at Seattle, WA.
  • Struck from the Naval Register at Port Townsend, WA., delivered to the Maritime Commission and simultaneously transferred to the Army Transportation Service (ATS), 9 September 1946
  • Converted to a Transport at Puget Sound Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co.
  • Commissioned by the US Army Transportation Service as USAT Private Elden H. Johnson
  • Transferred to the Navy, 1 March 1950, and assigned to the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) and placed in service as USNS Private Elden H Johnson (T-AP-184)
  • Placed out of service, 26 December 1957, and Transferred to the Maritime Administration (MARAD) for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Hudson River, N.Y.
  • Struck from the Naval Register, 27 December 1957
  • USS Pinkney (APH-2) earned four battle stars during World War II
  • Final Disposition, sold for scrapping, 28 September 1970, to Tung Ho Steel Enterprise Corp., Taiwan c/o Nisso-Iwai American Corp. in a four ship sale (PD-X-881 dated 18 August 1970) for $746,667.00. Withdrawn from the Hudson River Reserve Fleet, 2 January 1971, under tow by Japanese tug Amaryllis enroute for Taiwan
    Displacement 7,100 t.(lt) 9,920 t.(fl)
    Length 450'
    Beam 62'
    Draft 23' 6" (lim)
    Speed 18.p kts. (trial)
    Officers 51
    Enlisted 419
    Hospital Wards
    Officers 68
    Enlisted1 1,098
    Largest Boom Capacity 30 t.
    Fuel Capacities
    NSFO 6,325 Bbls
    Diesel 130 Bbls
    one single 5"/38 dual purpose gun mount
    four twin 40mm AA gun mounts
    four single 40mm AA gun mounts
    one General Electric steam turbine
    two Foster-Wheeler "D" type boilers, 405 psi °785
    single General Electric Main Reduction Gears
    three turbo-drive 250Kw 120V/240V D.C. Ship's service generators
    single propeller, 8,500shp

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    USS Pinkney (APH-2)
    Pinkney 56k

    Ninian Pinkney, born in Annapolis, Md., on 7 June 1811, graduated from St. John's College, Annapolis, in 1829, and from Jefferson Medical College in 1833. Appointed an assistant surgeon in the U.S. Navy on 26 March 1834, Pinkney received orders to the sloop of war Erie on 5 May. Ordered to report by 20 June, he joined the ship at Boston, Mass., on 24 June, shortly before she sailed for the Brazil Station. Detached from Erie on 18 September 1837, he began two months of leave on 20 September, later changed to "waiting orders." Ordered to duty at the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, Pa., on 9 April 1838, he was detached from that duty on 2 April 1839, receiving one month of leave. He then joined the frigate Brandywine, assigned to the Mediterranean Squadron, on 17 August, shortly after she was recommissioned.
    On 12 February 1840, Commodore Isaac Hull, commanding the squadron, ordered Pinkney to return to the United States, and the assistant surgeon reported his arrival on 24 April. Ordered thence, on 12 October 1840, to the storeship Relief, on the Pacific Station, Pinkney later served again on board Erie. He was promoted to surgeon on 27 October 1841.
    Commodore Alexander J. Dallas, commanding the Pacific Station, granted Surgeon Pinkney permission to return to the United States in February 1844, and he arrived there in April of the same year. Ordered to the Receiving Ship and Naval Station, Baltimore, Md., on 24 June 1844, he received orders to "discharge duties" at the Naval Rendezvous [recruiting station] as well, on 21 April 1845.
    Detached from the Baltimore Station on 19 September 1846 and placed in the status of "waiting orders," Pinkney was ordered to Albany on 14 October; he reported to that new sloop of war, assigned to the Home Squadron, a little less than a fortnight later, on 27 October. Transferred to sloop of war Germantown, also in the Home Squadron, three days after Christmas the following year [28 December 1847], he was detached from that ship on 23 February 1848. Carried on the status of "waiting orders" on 1 January of the following year [1849], Pinkney was ordered to the new sidewheel sloop of war Saranac on 4 February 1850, to report for duty on the 24th of that month. Detached from that ship on 22 July 1851, the surgeon was then ordered [10 September] to review candidates for admission to the U.S. Naval Academy. Following another period of "waiting orders," he was ordered to the Naval Academy on 3 April 1852.
    Detached from the Academy on 5 July 1855, Pinkney subsequently received orders to the sidewheel frigate Susquehanna on 31 March 1856, and served in that ship as she cruised in the Mediterranean and off the coast of Central America, and later operated in assistance of the steam frigate Niagara in her unsuccessful attempt to lay the Atlantic Cable in August 1857. Detached from Susquehanna on 19 April 1858, he was ordered to the U.S. Naval Hospital at Norfolk on 21 October, his actual time of reporting delayed from 1 November to 1 December 1858. Detached from that medical facility ashore on 9 June 1859, Pinkney received orders to join the screw frigate San Jacinto as she prepared for a cruise to the coast of Africa.
    Illness, however, shortened Pinkney's tour of duty in San Jacinto, as he was detached from the ship at Cadiz, Spain, and ordered home "because of ill health" on 28 March 1860. Arriving back in the United States on 23 April, he went to Easton, Md., where he apparently remained until he was ordered to special duty in Washington, D.C., on 8 June 1861. Detached from duty in the capitol on 12 December 1861, he received orders to report as the Fleet Surgeon, Mississippi Squadron, on the last day of 1861.
    Pinkney served in the Mississippi Squadron for the duration of the Civil War, performing "the most arduous duty in caring for the sick and wounded." He succeeded in getting possession of the Commercial Hotel, in Memphis, Tenn., a building "admirably located and well adapted for hospital purposes" in March 1863. The shortage of assistant surgeons compelled Pinkney to serve on board the U.S. Navy Hospital Ship Red Rover, "where he has been of great service fitting out his department." Acting Rear-Admiral David Dixon Porter, Commanding the Mississippi Squadron, called Pinkney's presence "absolutely necessary...many cases occurring where his great experience as a surgeon enabled him to save life in more than one instance." Porter used the occasion to dispel any misgivings about the fleet surgeon's "little peculiarities" [Pinkney was known to be of "a 'peppery' nature and stood firmly on his dignity and rights"], writing to Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles on 30 March 1863 of Pinkney that "...a more zealous, devoted officer to the profession, and to the country, does not exist anywhere..." Soon thereafter, the fleet surgeon directed the provision of new ships fitting out at St. Louis and Cincinnati with medical stores during June, 1863, and later that summer supervised the conversion of a seized Rebel building at Memphis, Tenn., into a hospital. Pinkney received the wounded from the fall of Fort Pillow in April 1864, on board the Hospital Ship Red Rover, and treated them. Subsequently, one of the nursing Sisters, employed on board Red Rover, wrote to express her appreciation for the kindness Pinkney had extended to them. "Through them," Sister Angela, of the Order of the Holy Cross, wrote on 11 August 1864, "I have learned to know and esteem Dr. Pinkney as one of the best and most cherished of the noble corps comprising the Navy."
    Detached on 15 June 1865, Pinkney, over the next four years [until 8 November 1869], performed a succession of duties, serving as a member of the Board of Visitors of the U.S. Naval Academy, presided over the board that examined candidates for admission to the Academy, and served as a delegate to represent the Medical Department of the Navy to the Medical Department in England. Ordered to duty at Washington, D.C., on 1 October 1870, he was promoted to the rank of medical director on 3 March 1871. Detached from the Washington Navy Yard and retired with that rank on 7 June 1873, Pinkney, who received a doctor of laws degree from his alma mater, St. John's College, Annapolis, in 1873, ultimately died in Easton, Md., on 15 December 1877.
    Photographed at St. Louis, Missouri, during the Civil War, while he was serving as Fleet Surgeon for the Mississippi Squadron. The original print is mounted on a carte de visite. Printed at the bottom of the card is "A.J. Fox, Artist, Cor. Fourth and Olive Sts., St. Louis, Mo."
    US Navy photo # NH 47343 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center
    Bill Gonyo
    Pinkney 101k USS Pinkney (APH-2) in San Francisco Bay, CA., 10 October 1942, during her conversion to an Evacuation Transport.
    US Navy photo # 19-N-40030 a Bureau of Ships photo now in the collections of the US Naval Historical Center, courtesy
    Robert Hurst
    Pinkney 70k USS Pinkney (APH-2) in San Francisco Bay, 1 January 1943.
    US National Archives, RG-19-LCM, Photo # 19-N-40028, a US Navy Bureau of Ships photo now in the collections of the US National Archives, courtesy
    Mike Green
    Pinkney 1210k USS Pinkney (APH-2) crewmen viewing the damage sustained by Pinkney after a Kamikaze attack, 28 April 1945. Note the electrical cables and hoses from support ships across the hole that extended down to the boilers. Photo is dated 1 May 1945, Courtesy Leo Mallard. Robert Hurst
    Pinkney 82k USS Pinkney (APH-2) off San Francisco, 10 October 1945.
    US Navy photo # NH77400, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center
    US Naval Historical Center
    Fayette 151k Transports steam in column off Pavuvu, Russell Islands in August 1944, probably during exercises preceding the Palaus operation. Photographed from USS Fayette (APA 43), looking forward, showing her kingposts and LCVPs stowed on deck. USS Pinkney (APH 2) is leading the column, followed by USS Elmore (APA 42) and USS DuPage (APA 41). Photo by Sgt McBride, USMC, 1st Division.
    USMC photo # 94719, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center
    US Naval Historical Center
    USAT Private Elden H. Johnson
    Pinkney 18k
    Elden Harvey Johnson (February 13, 1921 – June 3, 1944) was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II
    Tommy Trampp
    Pinkney 112k USAT Private Elden H. Johnson, in San Francisco Bay, 19 December 1947. The ship has been reconfigured by the Army as a peacetime transport. The Welin boat davits are gone, but she retains her original small pointed stack.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo # NH 97235, photographed by the Port Signal Section, Fort Mason, CA., courtesy
    Robert Hurst
    Pinkney 104k USAT Private Elden H. Johnson photographed circa 1950 just before transfer from the Army to the Navy's new Military Sea Transportation Service. The Army has greatly enlarged the funnel of this ship, and the other two ships of the class also received the enlarged stack.
    US Navy photo # NH 97236, courtesy
    US Naval Historical Center
    USNS Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184)
    Pinkney 86k USNS Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184), 1950s, location unknown.
    US Navy photo NH # 97237, from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Pinkney 128k USNS Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184), February 1952, location unknown.
    US Navy photo NH # 97238 from the collections of the US Naval Historical Center.
    US Naval Historical Center
    Pinkney 107k USNS Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184) under way, date and location unknown.
    US Navy photo
    Richard Miller BMCS USNR Ret.
    Pinkney 59k Artist sketch of Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184) Bill Valashinas
    Pinkney 60k USNS Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184), date and location unknown.
    US Navy photo.
    William Zarkas, Retired MSC Boatswain
    President, MSC Retiree Association
    343k USNS Private Elden H. Johnson (T-AP-184) underway, date and location unknown.
    U.S. Navy MSTS photo
    Nicholas Tiberio

    USS Pinkney (APH2) Kamikaze Attack Damage Photos
    Submitted by John Chiquoine
    After being partially patched and cleared out from the Kamikaze attack, 28 April 1945, hit at Okinawa, Pinkney joined convoy groups for five weeks to reach California. These are damage scenes at General Engineering Corp in Alameda made by Thomas McAvoy, Life Magazine, after 9 June 1945. An enemy suicide boat was also brought back as cargo.
    Pinkney Pinkney Pinkney Pinkney Pinkney
    Pinkney Pinkney Pinkney Pinkney Pinkney Pinkney

    USS Pinkney (APH-3) / USNS Private Elden H Johnson (T-AP-184)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
    Commanding Officers
    01CDR. Hutson, Albert Lockett, USN (USNA 1918)27 November 1942 - 20 May 1944
    02CDR. Downing, Arnold Albert, USNR 20 May 1944 - 1 July 1945
    03CDR. La Belle, James Wilson, USNR 1 July 1945 - 12 December 1945
    04CAPT. Thayer, William Rudolph, USN (USNA 1923)12 December 1945 - 4 April 1946
    Courtesy Wolfgang Hechler and Ron Reeves

    Crew Contact And Reunion Information
    U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation - Navy Log

    Additional Resources and Web Sites of Interest
    Official History of USS Pinkney (APH-2)
    Private Elden H. Johnson Medal of Honor Citation
    Back To The Navsource Photo Archives Main Page Back To The US Navy Service Force Ship Type Index Back To The US Navy Evacuation Transport (APH) Photo Index Back To The US Army Transport Photo Index Back To The US Navy Transport (AP)Photo Index
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    This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo
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    Last Updated 16 December 2022