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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive
US Frigate Alliance (I)
Laid down as Hancock in 1777 at Salisbury, MA. by William and James K. Hackett
Launched, 28 April 1778
Renamed Alliance, 29 May 1778
Placed under the command of CAPT. Pierre Landais
Alliance departed Boston, 14 January 1779, bound for Brest, France with the Marquis de La Fayette as passenger to petition the French court for more support
While at Brest assigned by Benjamin Franklin to a squadron to be commanded by CAPT. John Paul Jones
CAPT. Landais refused to obey the orders of CAPT Jones and operated independent of the squadron
During the encounter between Bonhomme Richard and HMS Serapis on 23 September 1779,
Landais in Alliance, stood off until late in the battle and then actually fired into Bonhomme Richard
Jones had relieved Landais of command of Alliance soon thereafter
Landais returned to the ship while Jones was away in Paris and took command sailing the ship for home
Landais was forcibly relieved of command as his behavior was that of an insane man
Alliance, under the command of LT. James A. Degge, arrived at Boston, 19 August 1780
The subsequent trials of Landais and Degge resulted in the ousting of both men from the service
Alliance lay idle at Boston until the first week of February 1781 when she carried COL. John Laurens appointed envoy extraordinary to France
During this voyage Alliance took the British privateer Alert
Alliance departed France for the US escorting a old East Indiaman laden with supplies for the Continental Army
Alliance took two privateers as prizes during the voyage and two sugar-laden Jamaicamen
10 days later Alliance defeated two British sloops-of-war HMS Atalanta
and HMS Trepassey in May reaching Boston, 6 June with her prizes
Alliance was again chosen to carry the Marquis de La Fayette home to France departing Boston, 24 December 1781 and arriving off L'Orient, 17 January 1782
Alliance arrived back at New London, CT. 13 May 1782, after being chased into port by a Royal Navy ship of the line
The ship sailed, 4 August in search of British shipping taking seven prizes in all before putting into Groiz Roads, France, 17 October
Alliance departed France, 9 December 1782, for the West Indies where she escorted another American warship Due de Lauzun laden with funds for the new republic, the two ships chased by British warships made port in March
Damage by grounding Alliance was sold in Philadelphia, 1 August 1785, converted to a merchantman sailing for China in June 1787
Final Disposition, abandoned, near Philadelphia, date unknown, hulk destroyed in 1901 during a dredging operation
Displacement 900 t.
Depth 12' 6"
Speed 13 kts
twenty-eight 12-pdr smoothbores
eight 9-pdr smoothbores
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|Photograph of a painting by Nowland Van Powell of US Frigate Alliance underway under full sail. Courtesy of the Bruce Gallery, Memphis, TN.
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 92873-KN
|US Naval History and Heritage Command
|Oil on canvas by Thomas Mitchell (1735-1790), signed and dated by the artist, 1780. It depicts Bonhomme Richard (center),
commanded by Continental Navy Captain John Paul Jones, closely engaged with HMS Serapis, commanded by Royal Navy Captain Richard
Pearson, off Flamborough Head, England. Firing at right is the Continental frigate US Frigate Alliance, while at left the British
Countess of Scarborough is engaging the American Pallas. 23 September 1779.
US Naval History and Heritage Command Photo #: KN-10855 (color)
|US Frigate Alliance fires on the closely engaged HMS Serapis and
Libaray of Congress photo from "History of the US Navy", by James M. Morris, page 23.
|Detail of a Contemporary painting by Captain Matthew Parke. USMC, depicting US Frigate Alliance passing Boston Lighthouse from sea, 1781.
US Navy Art Collection, Washington, D.C.
|Photo of a watercolor painting of US Frigate Alliance defeating two British sloops-of-war HMS Atalanta and HMS Trepassey, 29 May 1781.
Bailey Collection, US Navy Art Collection, Washington, D.C.
|US Frigate Alliance under full sail.
US Naval Institute Archives.
|Treasury Dept 1st Auditor letter of 4 January 1843, subject - Prize money claim, John Paul Jones crew, US Frigate Alliance and
|US Frigate Alliance - 1976 BICENTENARY OF AMERICAN REVOLUTION Stamp issues for Saint Lucia printed by the Format International Security
US Frigate Alliance (I)
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 26 November 2021
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo