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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive
USS Crusader (I)
Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons
Civil War Medal
Laid down, date unknown, as Chowan by John K. Kirkman at Murfeesboro, N.C.
Launched in 1857
Delivered to the North Carolina and New York, Steamship Co., date unknown
Sold at auction in May 1858 to John W. Southall and CAPT. Thomas W. Badger, renamed Southern Star
In early 1858 she was towed to Delaware and fitted with engines
SS Southern Star was chartered by the Navy in October 1858
Commissioned, USS Southern Star, 27 October 1858, CDR. A. M. Pennock in command
Southern Star sailed, 2 November 1858, as part of the military-diplomatic punitive expedition to Paraguay
Purchased by the Navy at Norfolk in April 1859, renamed Crusader
Fitted out at Philadelphia Navy Yard
Entered naval service as USS Crusader under the command of LT. J. N. Maffitt
Assigned to the Home Squadron, to suppress the slave trade in the West Indies
While patrolling in the Gulf of Mexico, captured two vessels to prevent their sale for use as Confederate privateers.
Decommissioned, 17 September 1861 for repairs
During the Civil War USS Crusader was assigned to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Participated in capture of a Confederate battery on the South Edisto River, 28 April and destroyed a Confederate camp at Simmons Bluff, South Carolina, 21 June 1862
Reassigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron in September 1862
Captured five vessels and cargos on the Chesapeake Bay and inland waters of Virginia between September 1862 and the end of the war
Decommissioned, 13 June 1865, at Washington Navy Yard
Sold, 20 July 1865, renamed SS Kalorama, entered commercial service
Final Disposition, wrecked, 25 February 1876
Displacement 545 t.
Draft 12' 6"
Speed 8 kts
Propulsion steam and sail
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||USS Crusader in a harbor during the Civil War.
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 66399. Donation of Mrs. George W.S. Musgrave, 1968.
||Line engraving, based on "a sketch by a correspondent", published in "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper", 1861. It depicts one of the measures taken by the Federal Government to reinforce positions in the Gulf of Mexico as the secession crisis deepened. SS Joseph Whitney is shown in the center, with USS Crusader at right.
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 73755. Donation of Mrs. George W.S. Musgrave, 1968.
||"The United States Fleet off Fort Pickens, Florida" A line engraving published in "Harper's Weekly", 1861, depicting U.S. Navy ships off Pensacola, Florida, in April 1861. Federal troops were landed at Fort Pickens on 12 April.
Ships identified in the title line are (left to right): USS Wyandotte (partially visible); USS Supply (in the distance); USS Sabine; USS Brooklyn and USS Crusader (partially visible).
US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 59121
USS Crusader (I)
Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
Last Updated 5 February 2023
This page is created and maintained by Gary P. Priolo|