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NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive

USS Crusader (I)

Awards, Citations and Campaign Ribbons

Civil War Medal

Screw Steam:
  • Laid down, date unknown, as Chowan by John K. Kirkman at Murfeesboro, N.C.
  • Launched in 1857
  • Delivered to the North Carolina and New York, Steamship Co., date unknown
  • Sold at auction in May 1858 to John W. Southall and CAPT. Thomas W. Badger, renamed Southern Star
  • In early 1858 she was towed to Delaware and fitted with engines
  • SS Southern Star was chartered by the Navy in October 1858
  • Commissioned, USS Southern Star, 27 October 1858, CDR. A. M. Pennock in command
  • Southern Star sailed, 2 November 1858, as part of the military-diplomatic punitive expedition to Paraguay
  • Purchased by the Navy at Norfolk in April 1859, renamed Crusader
  • Fitted out at Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • Entered naval service as USS Crusader under the command of LT. J. N. Maffitt
  • Assigned to the Home Squadron, to suppress the slave trade in the West Indies
  • While patrolling in the Gulf of Mexico, captured two vessels to prevent their sale for use as Confederate privateers.
  • Decommissioned, 17 September 1861 for repairs
  • During the Civil War USS Crusader was assigned to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
    Participated in capture of a Confederate battery on the South Edisto River, 28 April and destroyed a Confederate camp at Simmons Bluff, South Carolina, 21 June 1862
    Reassigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron in September 1862
    Captured five vessels and cargos on the Chesapeake Bay and inland waters of Virginia between September 1862 and the end of the war
  • Decommissioned, 13 June 1865, at Washington Navy Yard
  • Sold, 20 July 1865, renamed SS Kalorama, entered commercial service
  • Final Disposition, wrecked, 25 February 1876
    Displacement 545 t.
    Length 169'
    Beam 28'
    Depth unknown
    Draft 12' 6"
    Speed 8 kts
    Complement 92
    four 32-pdrs
    one 12-pdr
    eight 24-pdrs
    Propulsion steam and sail
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    Size Image Description Source
    Crusader 124k USS Crusader in a harbor during the Civil War.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 66399. Donation of Mrs. George W.S. Musgrave, 1968.
    Bill Gonyo
    Crusader 140k Line engraving, based on "a sketch by a correspondent", published in "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper", 1861. It depicts one of the measures taken by the Federal Government to reinforce positions in the Gulf of Mexico as the secession crisis deepened. SS Joseph Whitney is shown in the center, with USS Crusader at right.
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 73755. Donation of Mrs. George W.S. Musgrave, 1968.
    Bill Gonyo
    Wyandotte 140k "The United States Fleet off Fort Pickens, Florida" A line engraving published in "Harper's Weekly", 1861, depicting U.S. Navy ships off Pensacola, Florida, in April 1861. Federal troops were landed at Fort Pickens on 12 April. Ships identified in the title line are (left to right): USS Wyandotte (partially visible); USS Supply (in the distance); USS Sabine; USS Brooklyn and USS Crusader (partially visible).
    US Naval History and Heritage Command photo # NH 59121
    Bill Gonyo

    USS Crusader (I)
    Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS)
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    Last Updated 5 February 2023